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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 12801-12900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremle2sq2 12801 The square of a 'less than or equal to' ordering. (Contributed by NM, 21-Mar-2008.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴𝐵)) → (𝐴↑2) ≤ (𝐵↑2))

Theoremsqge0 12802 A square of a real is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 18-Oct-1999.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → 0 ≤ (𝐴↑2))

Theoremzsqcl2 12803 The square of an integer is a nonnegative integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℤ → (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℕ0)

Theoremsumsqeq0 12804 Two real numbers are equal to 0 iff their Euclidean norm is. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 5-Oct-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → ((𝐴 = 0 ∧ 𝐵 = 0) ↔ ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2)) = 0))

Theoremsqvali 12805 Value of square. Inference version. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴↑2) = (𝐴 · 𝐴)

Theoremsqcli 12806 Closure of square. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℂ

Theoremsqeq0i 12807 A number is zero iff its square is zero. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴↑2) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 0)

Theoremsqrecii 12808 Square of reciprocal. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐴 ≠ 0       ((1 / 𝐴)↑2) = (1 / (𝐴↑2))

Theoremsqmuli 12809 Distribution of square over multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 · 𝐵)↑2) = ((𝐴↑2) · (𝐵↑2))

Theoremsqdivi 12810 Distribution of square over division. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-2001.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ≠ 0       ((𝐴 / 𝐵)↑2) = ((𝐴↑2) / (𝐵↑2))

Theoremresqcli 12811 Closure of square in reals. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℝ

Theoremsqgt0i 12812 The square of a nonzero real is positive. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       (𝐴 ≠ 0 → 0 < (𝐴↑2))

Theoremsqge0i 12813 A square of a real is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       0 ≤ (𝐴↑2)

Theoremlt2sqi 12814 The square function on nonnegative reals is strictly monotonic. (Contributed by NM, 12-Sep-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ       ((0 ≤ 𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴↑2) < (𝐵↑2)))

Theoremle2sqi 12815 The square function on nonnegative reals is monotonic. (Contributed by NM, 12-Sep-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ       ((0 ≤ 𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵) → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴↑2) ≤ (𝐵↑2)))

Theoremsq11i 12816 The square function is one-to-one for nonnegative reals. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ       ((0 ≤ 𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵) → ((𝐴↑2) = (𝐵↑2) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))

Theoremsq0 12817 The square of 0 is 0. (Contributed by NM, 6-Jun-2006.)
(0↑2) = 0

Theoremsq0i 12818 If a number is zero, its square is zero. (Contributed by FL, 10-Dec-2006.)
(𝐴 = 0 → (𝐴↑2) = 0)

Theoremsq0id 12819 If a number is zero, its square is zero. Deduction form of sq0i 12818. Converse of sqeq0d 12869. (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) = 0)

Theoremsq1 12820 The square of 1 is 1. (Contributed by NM, 22-Aug-1999.)
(1↑2) = 1

Theoremneg1sqe1 12821 -1 squared is 1 (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
(-1↑2) = 1

Theoremsq2 12822 The square of 2 is 4. (Contributed by NM, 22-Aug-1999.)
(2↑2) = 4

Theoremsq3 12823 The square of 3 is 9. (Contributed by NM, 26-Apr-2006.)
(3↑2) = 9

Theoremsq4e2t8 12824 The square of 4 is 2 times 8. (Contributed by AV, 20-Jul-2021.)
(4↑2) = (2 · 8)

Theoremcu2 12825 The cube of 2 is 8. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
(2↑3) = 8

Theoremirec 12826 The reciprocal of i. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
(1 / i) = -i

Theoremi2 12827 i squared. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-1999.)
(i↑2) = -1

Theoremi3 12828 i cubed. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jan-2007.)
(i↑3) = -i

Theoremi4 12829 i to the fourth power. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jan-2007.)
(i↑4) = 1

Theoremnnlesq 12830 A positive integer is less than or equal to its square. (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝑁 ≤ (𝑁↑2))

Theoremiexpcyc 12831 Taking i to the 𝐾-th power is the same as using the 𝐾 mod 4 -th power instead, by i4 12829. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Jul-2014.)
(𝐾 ∈ ℤ → (i↑(𝐾 mod 4)) = (i↑𝐾))

Theoremexpnass 12832 A counterexample showing that exponentiation is not associative. (Contributed by Stefan Allan and Gérard Lang, 21-Sep-2010.)
((3↑3)↑3) < (3↑(3↑3))

Theoremsqlecan 12833 Cancel one factor of a square in a comparison. Unlike lemul1 10754, the common factor 𝐴 may be zero. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2008.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → ((𝐴↑2) ≤ (𝐵 · 𝐴) ↔ 𝐴𝐵))

Theoremsubsq 12834 Factor the difference of two squares. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴↑2) − (𝐵↑2)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐵) · (𝐴𝐵)))

Theoremsubsq2 12835 Express the difference of the squares of two numbers as a polynomial in the difference of the numbers. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴↑2) − (𝐵↑2)) = (((𝐴𝐵)↑2) + ((2 · 𝐵) · (𝐴𝐵))))

Theorembinom2i 12836 The square of a binomial. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵)↑2) = (((𝐴↑2) + (2 · (𝐴 · 𝐵))) + (𝐵↑2))

Theoremsubsqi 12837 Factor the difference of two squares. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2005.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴↑2) − (𝐵↑2)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐵) · (𝐴𝐵))

Theoremsqeqori 12838 The squares of two complex numbers are equal iff one number equals the other or its negative. Lemma 15-4.7 of [Gleason] p. 311 and its converse. (Contributed by NM, 15-Jan-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴↑2) = (𝐵↑2) ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = -𝐵))

Theoremsubsq0i 12839 The two solutions to the difference of squares set equal to zero. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (((𝐴↑2) − (𝐵↑2)) = 0 ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = -𝐵))

Theoremsqeqor 12840 The squares of two complex numbers are equal iff one number equals the other or its negative. Lemma 15-4.7 of [Gleason] p. 311 and its converse. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 15-Mar-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴↑2) = (𝐵↑2) ↔ (𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴 = -𝐵)))

Theorembinom2 12841 The square of a binomial. (Contributed by FL, 10-Dec-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵)↑2) = (((𝐴↑2) + (2 · (𝐴 · 𝐵))) + (𝐵↑2)))

Theorembinom21 12842 Special case of binom2 12841 where 𝐵 = 1. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-May-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((𝐴 + 1)↑2) = (((𝐴↑2) + (2 · 𝐴)) + 1))

Theorembinom2sub 12843 Expand the square of a subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 10-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵)↑2) = (((𝐴↑2) − (2 · (𝐴 · 𝐵))) + (𝐵↑2)))

Theorembinom2sub1 12844 Special case of binom2sub 12843 where 𝐵 = 1. (Contributed by AV, 2-Aug-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((𝐴 − 1)↑2) = (((𝐴↑2) − (2 · 𝐴)) + 1))

Theorembinom2subi 12845 Expand the square of a subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 13-Jun-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴𝐵)↑2) = (((𝐴↑2) − (2 · (𝐴 · 𝐵))) + (𝐵↑2))

Theoremmulbinom2 12846 The square of a binomial with factor. (Contributed by AV, 19-Jul-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (((𝐶 · 𝐴) + 𝐵)↑2) = ((((𝐶 · 𝐴)↑2) + ((2 · 𝐶) · (𝐴 · 𝐵))) + (𝐵↑2)))

Theorembinom3 12847 The cube of a binomial. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵)↑3) = (((𝐴↑3) + (3 · ((𝐴↑2) · 𝐵))) + ((3 · (𝐴 · (𝐵↑2))) + (𝐵↑3))))

Theoremsq01 12848 If a complex number equals its square, it must be 0 or 1. (Contributed by NM, 6-Jun-2006.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((𝐴↑2) = 𝐴 ↔ (𝐴 = 0 ∨ 𝐴 = 1)))

Theoremzesq 12849 An integer is even iff its square is even. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → ((𝑁 / 2) ∈ ℤ ↔ ((𝑁↑2) / 2) ∈ ℤ))

Theoremnnesq 12850 A positive integer is even iff its square is even. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-2001.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑁 / 2) ∈ ℕ ↔ ((𝑁↑2) / 2) ∈ ℕ))

Theoremcrreczi 12851 Reciprocal of a complex number in terms of real and imaginary components. Remark in [Apostol] p. 361. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-2005.) (Proof shortened by Jeff Hankins, 16-Dec-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ       ((𝐴 ≠ 0 ∨ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (1 / (𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = ((𝐴 − (i · 𝐵)) / ((𝐴↑2) + (𝐵↑2))))

Theorembernneq 12852 Bernoulli's inequality, due to Johan Bernoulli (1667-1748). (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ -1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 + (𝐴 · 𝑁)) ≤ ((1 + 𝐴)↑𝑁))

Theorembernneq2 12853 Variation of Bernoulli's inequality bernneq 12852. (Contributed by NM, 18-Oct-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (((𝐴 − 1) · 𝑁) + 1) ≤ (𝐴𝑁))

Theorembernneq3 12854 A corollary of bernneq 12852. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Mar-2014.)
((𝑃 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑁 < (𝑃𝑁))

Theoremexpnbnd 12855* Exponentiation with a mantissa greater than 1 has no upper bound. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 < 𝐵) → ∃𝑘 ∈ ℕ 𝐴 < (𝐵𝑘))

Theoremexpnlbnd 12856* The reciprocal of exponentiation with a mantissa greater than 1 has no lower bound. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jul-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 < 𝐵) → ∃𝑘 ∈ ℕ (1 / (𝐵𝑘)) < 𝐴)

Theoremexpnlbnd2 12857* The reciprocal of exponentiation with a mantissa greater than 1 has no lower bound. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jul-2008.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jun-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 < 𝐵) → ∃𝑗 ∈ ℕ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(1 / (𝐵𝑘)) < 𝐴)

Theoremexpmulnbnd 12858* Exponentiation with a mantissa greater than 1 is not bounded by any linear function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Mar-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 < 𝐵) → ∃𝑗 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝐴 · 𝑘) < (𝐵𝑘))

Theoremdigit2 12859 Two ways to express the 𝐾 th digit in the decimal (when base 𝐵 = 10) expansion of a number 𝐴. 𝐾 = 1 corresponds to the first digit after the decimal point. (Contributed by NM, 25-Dec-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℕ) → ((⌊‘((𝐵𝐾) · 𝐴)) mod 𝐵) = ((⌊‘((𝐵𝐾) · 𝐴)) − (𝐵 · (⌊‘((𝐵↑(𝐾 − 1)) · 𝐴)))))

Theoremdigit1 12860 Two ways to express the 𝐾 th digit in the decimal expansion of a number 𝐴 (when base 𝐵 = 10). 𝐾 = 1 corresponds to the first digit after the decimal point. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jan-2009.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℕ) → ((⌊‘((𝐵𝐾) · 𝐴)) mod 𝐵) = (((⌊‘((𝐵𝐾) · 𝐴)) mod (𝐵𝐾)) − ((𝐵 · (⌊‘((𝐵↑(𝐾 − 1)) · 𝐴))) mod (𝐵𝐾))))

Theoremmodexp 12861 Exponentiation property of the modulo operation, see theorem 5.2(c) in [ApostolNT] p. 107. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Feb-2014.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℕ0𝐷 ∈ ℝ+) ∧ (𝐴 mod 𝐷) = (𝐵 mod 𝐷)) → ((𝐴𝐶) mod 𝐷) = ((𝐵𝐶) mod 𝐷))

Theoremdiscr1 12862* A nonnegative quadratic form has nonnegative leading coefficient. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ℝ) → 0 ≤ (((𝐴 · (𝑥↑2)) + (𝐵 · 𝑥)) + 𝐶))    &   𝑋 = if(1 ≤ (((𝐵 + if(0 ≤ 𝐶, 𝐶, 0)) + 1) / -𝐴), (((𝐵 + if(0 ≤ 𝐶, 𝐶, 0)) + 1) / -𝐴), 1)       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)

Theoremdiscr 12863* If a quadratic polynomial with real coefficients is nonnegative for all values, then its discriminant is nonpositive. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jun-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ℝ) → 0 ≤ (((𝐴 · (𝑥↑2)) + (𝐵 · 𝑥)) + 𝐶))       (𝜑 → ((𝐵↑2) − (4 · (𝐴 · 𝐶))) ≤ 0)

Theoremexp0d 12864 Value of a complex number raised to the 0th power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑0) = 1)

Theoremexp1d 12865 Value of a complex number raised to the first power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑1) = 𝐴)

Theoremexpeq0d 12866 Positive integer exponentiation is 0 iff its mantissa is 0. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) = 0)       (𝜑𝐴 = 0)

Theoremsqvald 12867 Value of square. Inference version. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) = (𝐴 · 𝐴))

Theoremsqcld 12868 Closure of square. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℂ)

Theoremsqeq0d 12869 A number is zero iff its square is zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) = 0)       (𝜑𝐴 = 0)

Theoremexpcld 12870 Closure law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℂ)

Theoremexpp1d 12871 Value of a complex number raised to a nonnegative integer power plus one. Part of Definition 10-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 134. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑(𝑁 + 1)) = ((𝐴𝑁) · 𝐴))

Theoremexpaddd 12872 Sum of exponents law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(a) of [Gleason] p. 135. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑(𝑀 + 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) · (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremexpmuld 12873 Product of exponents law for positive integer exponentiation. Proposition 10-4.2(b) of [Gleason] p. 135, restricted to nonnegative integer exponents. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀)↑𝑁))

Theoremsqrecd 12874 Square of reciprocal. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → ((1 / 𝐴)↑2) = (1 / (𝐴↑2)))

Theoremexpclzd 12875 Closure law for integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℂ)

Theoremexpne0d 12876 Nonnegative integer exponentiation is nonzero if its mantissa is nonzero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ≠ 0)

Theoremexpnegd 12877 Value of a complex number raised to a negative power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑-𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremexprecd 12878 Nonnegative integer exponentiation of a reciprocal. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → ((1 / 𝐴)↑𝑁) = (1 / (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremexpp1zd 12879 Value of a nonzero complex number raised to an integer power plus one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑(𝑁 + 1)) = ((𝐴𝑁) · 𝐴))

Theoremexpm1d 12880 Value of a complex number raised to an integer power minus one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑(𝑁 − 1)) = ((𝐴𝑁) / 𝐴))

Theoremexpsubd 12881 Exponent subtraction law for nonnegative integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑(𝑀𝑁)) = ((𝐴𝑀) / (𝐴𝑁)))

Theoremsqmuld 12882 Distribution of square over multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 · 𝐵)↑2) = ((𝐴↑2) · (𝐵↑2)))

Theoremsqdivd 12883 Distribution of square over division. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 / 𝐵)↑2) = ((𝐴↑2) / (𝐵↑2)))

Theoremexpdivd 12884 Nonnegative integer exponentiation of a quotient. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 / 𝐵)↑𝑁) = ((𝐴𝑁) / (𝐵𝑁)))

Theoremmulexpd 12885 Positive integer exponentiation of a product. Proposition 10-4.2(c) of [Gleason] p. 135, restricted to nonnegative integer exponents. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 · 𝐵)↑𝑁) = ((𝐴𝑁) · (𝐵𝑁)))

Theorem0expd 12886 Value of zero raised to a positive integer power. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → (0↑𝑁) = 0)

Theoremreexpcld 12887 Closure of exponentiation of reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremexpge0d 12888 Nonnegative integer exponentiation with a nonnegative mantissa is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐴)       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (𝐴𝑁))

Theoremexpge1d 12889 Nonnegative integer exponentiation with a nonnegative mantissa is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑 → 1 ≤ 𝐴)       (𝜑 → 1 ≤ (𝐴𝑁))

Theoremsqoddm1div8 12890 A squared odd number minus 1 divided by 8 is the odd number multiplied with its successor divided by 2. (Contributed by AV, 19-Jul-2021.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 = ((2 · 𝑁) + 1)) → (((𝑀↑2) − 1) / 8) = ((𝑁 · (𝑁 + 1)) / 2))

Theoremnnsqcld 12891 The naturals are closed under squaring. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℕ)

Theoremnnexpcld 12892 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ)

Theoremnn0expcld 12893 Closure of exponentiation of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)

Theoremrpexpcld 12894 Closure law for exponentiation of positive reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ+)

Theoremltexp2rd 12895 The power of a positive number smaller than 1 decreases as its exponent increases. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 < 1)       (𝜑 → (𝑀 < 𝑁 ↔ (𝐴𝑁) < (𝐴𝑀)))

Theoremreexpclzd 12896 Closure of exponentiation of reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑁) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremresqcld 12897 Closure of square in reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremsqge0d 12898 A square of a real is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (𝐴↑2))

Theoremsqgt0d 12899 The square of a nonzero real is positive. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → 0 < (𝐴↑2))

Theoremltexp2d 12900 Ordering relationship for exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < 𝐴)       (𝜑 → (𝑀 < 𝑁 ↔ (𝐴𝑀) < (𝐴𝑁)))

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