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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 31301-31400   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theorembtwnouttr 31301 Outer transitivity law for betweenness. Right-hand side of Theorem 3.7 of [Schwabhauser] p. 30. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 14-Jun-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐵𝐶𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐷⟩) → 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩))

Theorembtwnexch 31302 Outer transitivity law for betweenness. Right-hand side of Theorem 3.6 of [Schwabhauser] p. 30. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Sep-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩) → 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩))

Theorembtwnexchand 31303 Deduction form of btwnexch 31302. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 13-Oct-2013.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩)    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)       ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)

Theorembtwndiff 31304* There is always a 𝑐 distinct from 𝐵 such that 𝐵 lies between 𝐴 and 𝑐. Theorem 3.14 of [Schwabhauser] p. 32. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Sep-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → ∃𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)(𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐵𝑐))

Theoremtrisegint 31305* A line segment between two sides of a triange intersects a segment crossing from the remaining side to the opposite vertex. Theorem 3.17 of [Schwabhauser] p. 33. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Sep-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝑃 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩) → ∃𝑞 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)(𝑞 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝑞 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐸⟩)))

21.8.29.3  Segment Transportation

Syntaxctransport 31306 Declare the syntax for the segment transport function.
class TransportTo

Definitiondf-transport 31307* Define the segment transport function. See fvtransport 31309 for an explanation of the function. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Oct-2013.)
TransportTo = {⟨⟨𝑝, 𝑞⟩, 𝑥⟩ ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑝 ∈ ((𝔼‘𝑛) × (𝔼‘𝑛)) ∧ 𝑞 ∈ ((𝔼‘𝑛) × (𝔼‘𝑛)) ∧ (1st𝑞) ≠ (2nd𝑞)) ∧ 𝑥 = (𝑟 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)((2nd𝑞) Btwn ⟨(1st𝑞), 𝑟⟩ ∧ ⟨(2nd𝑞), 𝑟⟩Cgr𝑝)))}

Theoremfuntransport 31308 The TransportTo relationship is a function. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
Fun TransportTo

Theoremfvtransport 31309* Calculate the value of the TransportTo function. This function takes four points, 𝐴 through 𝐷, where 𝐶 and 𝐷 are distinct. It then returns the point that extends 𝐶𝐷 by the length of 𝐴𝐵. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ 𝐶𝐷)) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩TransportTo⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) = (𝑟 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)(𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑟⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑟⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩)))

Theoremtransportcl 31310 Closure law for segment transport. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 19-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ 𝐶𝐷)) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩TransportTo⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))

Theoremtransportprops 31311 Calculate the defining properties of the transport function. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 19-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ 𝐶𝐷)) → (𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐶, (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩TransportTo⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩TransportTo⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩))

21.8.29.4  Properties relating betweenness and congruence

Syntaxcifs 31312 Declare the syntax for the inner five segment predicate.
class InnerFiveSeg

Syntaxccgr3 31313 Declare the syntax for the three place congruence predicate.
class Cgr3

Syntaxccolin 31314 Declare the syntax for the colinearity predicate.
class Colinear

Syntaxcfs 31315 Declare the syntax for the five segment predicate.
class FiveSeg

Definitiondf-colinear 31316* The colinearity predicate states that the three points in its arguments sit on one line. Definition 4.10 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 25-Oct-2013.)
Colinear = {⟨⟨𝑏, 𝑐⟩, 𝑎⟩ ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑎 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)) ∧ (𝑎 Btwn ⟨𝑏, 𝑐⟩ ∨ 𝑏 Btwn ⟨𝑐, 𝑎⟩ ∨ 𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝑎, 𝑏⟩))}

Definitiondf-ifs 31317* The inner five segment configuration is an abbreviation for another congruence condition. See brifs 31320 and ifscgr 31321 for how it is used. Definition 4.1 of [Schwabhauser] p. 34. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 26-Sep-2013.)
InnerFiveSeg = {⟨𝑝, 𝑞⟩ ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑎 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑥 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑦 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑧 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑤 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)(𝑝 = ⟨⟨𝑎, 𝑏⟩, ⟨𝑐, 𝑑⟩⟩ ∧ 𝑞 = ⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩⟩ ∧ ((𝑏 Btwn ⟨𝑎, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝑦 Btwn ⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩) ∧ (⟨𝑎, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑏, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝑦, 𝑧⟩) ∧ (⟨𝑎, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝑥, 𝑤⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩)))}

Definitiondf-cgr3 31318* The three place congruence predicate. This is an abbreviation for saying that all three pair in a triple are congruent with each other. Three place form of Definition 4.4 of [Schwabhauser] p. 35. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 4-Oct-2013.)
Cgr3 = {⟨𝑝, 𝑞⟩ ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑎 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑒 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑓 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)(𝑝 = ⟨𝑎, ⟨𝑏, 𝑐⟩⟩ ∧ 𝑞 = ⟨𝑑, ⟨𝑒, 𝑓⟩⟩ ∧ (⟨𝑎, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝑑, 𝑒⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑎, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝑑, 𝑓⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑏, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝑒, 𝑓⟩))}

Definitiondf-fs 31319* The general five segment configuration is a generalization of the outer and inner five segment configurations. See brfs 31356 and fscgr 31357 for its use. Definition 4.15 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
FiveSeg = {⟨𝑝, 𝑞⟩ ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑎 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑥 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑦 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑧 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑤 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)(𝑝 = ⟨⟨𝑎, 𝑏⟩, ⟨𝑐, 𝑑⟩⟩ ∧ 𝑞 = ⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩⟩ ∧ (𝑎 Colinear ⟨𝑏, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑎, ⟨𝑏, 𝑐⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝑥, ⟨𝑦, 𝑧⟩⟩ ∧ (⟨𝑎, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝑥, 𝑤⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑏, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝑦, 𝑤⟩)))}

Theorembrifs 31320 Binary relationship form of the inner five segment predicate. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 26-Sep-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩, ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩⟩ InnerFiveSeg ⟨⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩, ⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩⟩ ↔ ((𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐹 Btwn ⟨𝐸, 𝐺⟩) ∧ (⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐺⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐹, 𝐺⟩) ∧ (⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐻⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩))))

Theoremifscgr 31321 Inner five segment congruence. Take two triangles, 𝐴𝐷𝐶 and 𝐸𝐻𝐺, with 𝐵 between 𝐴 and 𝐶 and 𝐹 between 𝐸 and 𝐺. If the other components of the triangles are congruent, then so are 𝐵𝐷 and 𝐹𝐻. Theorem 4.2 of [Schwabhauser] p. 34. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 27-Sep-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩, ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩⟩ InnerFiveSeg ⟨⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩, ⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩⟩ → ⟨𝐵, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐹, 𝐻⟩))

Theoremcgrsub 31322 Removing identical parts from the end of a line segment preserves congruence. Theorem 4.3 of [Schwabhauser] p. 35. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 4-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (((𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝐹⟩) ∧ (⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐹⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩)) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐸⟩))

Theorembrcgr3 31323 Binary relationship form of the three-place congruence predicate. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 4-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩ ↔ (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐸⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐹⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩)))

Theoremcgr3permute3 31324 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩ ↔ ⟨𝐵, ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐸, ⟨𝐹, 𝐷⟩⟩))

Theoremcgr3permute1 31325 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩ ↔ ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐹, 𝐸⟩⟩))

Theoremcgr3permute2 31326 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩ ↔ ⟨𝐵, ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐸, ⟨𝐷, 𝐹⟩⟩))

Theoremcgr3permute4 31327 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩ ↔ ⟨𝐶, ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐹, ⟨𝐷, 𝐸⟩⟩))

Theoremcgr3permute5 31328 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩ ↔ ⟨𝐶, ⟨𝐵, 𝐴⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐹, ⟨𝐸, 𝐷⟩⟩))

Theoremcgr3tr4 31329 Transitivity law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)))) → ((⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐺, ⟨𝐻, 𝐼⟩⟩) → ⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐺, ⟨𝐻, 𝐼⟩⟩))

Theoremcgr3com 31330 Commutativity law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩ ↔ ⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩))

Theoremcgr3rflx 31331 Identity law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 6-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩)

Theoremcgrxfr 31332* A line segment can be divided at the same place as a congruent line segment is divided. Theorem 4.5 of [Schwabhauser] p. 35. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 4-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐹⟩) → ∃𝑒 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)(𝑒 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝐹⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝑒, 𝐹⟩⟩)))

Theorembtwnxfr 31333 A condition for extending betweenness to a new set of points based on congruence with another set of points. Theorem 4.6 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 4-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩) → 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝐹⟩))

Theoremcolinrel 31334 Colinearity is a relationship. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Nov-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
Rel Colinear

Theorembrcolinear2 31335* Alternate colinearity binary relationship. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Nov-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑄𝑉𝑅𝑊) → (𝑃 Colinear ⟨𝑄, 𝑅⟩ ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛) ∧ 𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛) ∧ 𝑅 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)) ∧ (𝑃 Btwn ⟨𝑄, 𝑅⟩ ∨ 𝑄 Btwn ⟨𝑅, 𝑃⟩ ∨ 𝑅 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝑄⟩))))

Theorembrcolinear 31336 The binary relationship form of the colinearity predicate. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ (𝐴 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ∨ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩ ∨ 𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩)))

Theoremcolinearex 31337 The colinear predicate exists. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 25-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
Colinear ∈ V

Theoremcolineardim1 31338 If 𝐴 is colinear with 𝐵 and 𝐶, then 𝐴 is in the same space as 𝐵. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 25-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴𝑉𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶𝑊)) → (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)))

Theoremcolinearperm1 31339 Permutation law for colinearity. Part of theorem 4.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ 𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩))

Theoremcolinearperm3 31340 Permutation law for colinearity. Part of theorem 4.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ 𝐵 Colinear ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩))

Theoremcolinearperm2 31341 Permutation law for colinearity. Part of theorem 4.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ 𝐵 Colinear ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩))

Theoremcolinearperm4 31342 Permutation law for colinearity. Part of theorem 4.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ 𝐶 Colinear ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩))

Theoremcolinearperm5 31343 Permutation law for colinearity. Part of theorem 4.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ 𝐶 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐴⟩))

Theoremcolineartriv1 31344 Trivial case of colinearity. Theorem 4.12 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → 𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩)

Theoremcolineartriv2 31345 Trivial case of colinearity. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → 𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐵⟩)

Theorembtwncolinear1 31346 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → 𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))

Theorembtwncolinear2 31347 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 15-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → 𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩))

Theorembtwncolinear3 31348 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 15-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → 𝐵 Colinear ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩))

Theorembtwncolinear4 31349 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 15-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → 𝐵 Colinear ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩))

Theorembtwncolinear5 31350 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 15-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → 𝐶 Colinear ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩))

Theorembtwncolinear6 31351 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 15-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → 𝐶 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐴⟩))

Theoremcolinearxfr 31352 Transfer law for colinearity. Theorem 4.13 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐵 Colinear ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩⟩) → 𝐸 Colinear ⟨𝐷, 𝐹⟩))

Theoremlineext 31353* Extend a line with a missing point. Theorem 4.14 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 6-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐸⟩) → ∃𝑓 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐷, ⟨𝐸, 𝑓⟩⟩))

Theorembrofs2 31354 Change some conditions for outer five segment predicate. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 6-Oct-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩, ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩⟩ OuterFiveSeg ⟨⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩, ⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩⟩ ↔ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐸, ⟨𝐹, 𝐺⟩⟩ ∧ (⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐻⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐹, 𝐻⟩))))

Theorembrifs2 31355 Change some conditions for inner five segment predicate. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 6-Oct-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩, ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩⟩ InnerFiveSeg ⟨⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩, ⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩⟩ ↔ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐸, ⟨𝐹, 𝐺⟩⟩ ∧ (⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐻⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩))))

Theorembrfs 31356 Binary relationship form of the general five segment predicate. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩, ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩⟩ FiveSeg ⟨⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩, ⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩⟩ ↔ (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩⟩Cgr3⟨𝐸, ⟨𝐹, 𝐺⟩⟩ ∧ (⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐻⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐹, 𝐻⟩))))

Theoremfscgr 31357 Congruence law for the general five segment configuration. Theorem 4.16 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Oct-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((⟨⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩, ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩⟩ FiveSeg ⟨⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩, ⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩⟩ ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩))

Theoremlinecgr 31358 Congruence rule for lines. Theorem 4.17 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 6-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (((𝐴𝐵𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) ∧ (⟨𝐴, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝑄⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐵, 𝑄⟩)) → ⟨𝐶, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝑄⟩))

Theoremlinecgrand 31359 Deduction form of linecgr 31358. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 14-Oct-2013.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → ⟨𝐴, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝑄⟩)    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → ⟨𝐵, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐵, 𝑄⟩)       ((𝜑𝜓) → ⟨𝐶, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝑄⟩)

Theoremlineid 31360 Identity law for points on lines. Theorem 4.18 of [Schwabhauser] p. 38. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (((𝐴𝐵𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) ∧ (⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐵, 𝐷⟩)) → 𝐶 = 𝐷))

Theoremidinside 31361 Law for finding a point inside a segment. Theorem 4.19 of [Schwabhauser] p. 38. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐵, 𝐷⟩) → 𝐶 = 𝐷))

Theoremendofsegid 31362 If 𝐴, 𝐵, and 𝐶 fall in order on a line, and 𝐴𝐵 and 𝐴𝐶 are congruent, then 𝐶 = 𝐵. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) → 𝐶 = 𝐵))

Theoremendofsegidand 31363 Deduction form of endofsegid 31362. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 15-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩)    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩)       ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)

21.8.29.5  Connectivity of betweenness

Theorembtwnconn1lem1 31364 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. The next several lemmas introduce various properties of hypothetical points that end up eliminating alternatives to connectivity. We begin by showing a congruence property of those hypothetical points. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑋⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑋⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩)))) → ⟨𝐵, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝑋, 𝐶⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem2 31365 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Now, we show that two of the hypotheticals we introduced in the first lemma are identical. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑋⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑋⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩)))) → 𝑋 = 𝑏)

Theorembtwnconn1lem3 31366 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Establish the next congruence in the series. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩)))) → ⟨𝐵, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝑏, 𝐷⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem4 31367 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Assuming 𝐶𝑐, we now attempt to force 𝐷 = 𝑑 from here out via a series of congruences. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩)))) → ⟨𝑑, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐶⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem5 31368 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Now, we introduce 𝐸, the intersection of 𝐶𝑐 and 𝐷𝑑. We begin by showing that it is the midpoint of 𝐶 and 𝑐. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩))) ∧ (𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝑑⟩))) → ⟨𝐸, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝑐⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem6 31369 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Next, we show that 𝐸 is the midpoint of 𝐷 and 𝑑. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩))) ∧ (𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝑑⟩))) → ⟨𝐸, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝑑⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem7 31370 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Under our assumptions, 𝐶 and 𝑑 are distinct. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩))) ∧ (𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝑑⟩))) → 𝐶𝑑)

Theorembtwnconn1lem8 31371 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Now, we introduce the last three points used in the construction: 𝑃, 𝑄, and 𝑅 will turn out to be equal further down, and will provide us with the key to the final statement. We begin by establishing congruence of 𝑅𝑃 and 𝐸𝑑. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑅 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩))) ∧ ((𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝑑⟩) ∧ ((𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑐, 𝑃⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑑, 𝑅⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑅⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐸⟩) ∧ (𝑅 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝑄⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑅, 𝑄⟩Cgr⟨𝑅, 𝑃⟩))))) → ⟨𝑅, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝑑⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem9 31372 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Now, a quick use of transitivity to establish congruence on 𝑅𝑄 and 𝐸𝐷. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑅 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩))) ∧ ((𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝑑⟩) ∧ ((𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑐, 𝑃⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑑, 𝑅⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑅⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐸⟩) ∧ (𝑅 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝑄⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑅, 𝑄⟩Cgr⟨𝑅, 𝑃⟩))))) → ⟨𝑅, 𝑄⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐷⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem10 31373 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Now we establish a congruence that will give us 𝐷 = 𝑑 when we compute 𝑃 = 𝑄 later on. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑅 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩))) ∧ ((𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝑑⟩) ∧ ((𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑐, 𝑃⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑑, 𝑅⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑅⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐸⟩) ∧ (𝑅 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝑄⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑅, 𝑄⟩Cgr⟨𝑅, 𝑃⟩))))) → ⟨𝑑, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝑃, 𝑄⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem11 31374 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Now, we establish that 𝐷 and 𝑄 are equidistant from 𝐶. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 8-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑅 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩))) ∧ ((𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝑑⟩) ∧ ((𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑐, 𝑃⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑑, 𝑅⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑅⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐸⟩) ∧ (𝑅 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝑄⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑅, 𝑄⟩Cgr⟨𝑅, 𝑃⟩))))) → ⟨𝐷, 𝐶⟩Cgr⟨𝑄, 𝐶⟩)

Theorembtwnconn1lem12 31375 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Using a long string of invocations of linecgr 31358, we show that 𝐷 = 𝑑. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑅 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶𝐶𝑐) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩))) ∧ ((𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝑐⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐷, 𝑑⟩) ∧ ((𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑐, 𝑃⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑃⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝑑, 𝑅⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑅⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐸⟩) ∧ (𝑅 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝑄⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑅, 𝑄⟩Cgr⟨𝑅, 𝑃⟩))))) → 𝐷 = 𝑑)

Theorembtwnconn1lem13 31376 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Begin back-filling and eliminating hypotheses. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Oct-2013.)
((((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ ((𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)))) ∧ (((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑐⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐷, 𝑐⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩) ∧ (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝑑⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)) ∧ ((𝑐 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑐, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐵⟩) ∧ (𝑑 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑏⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑑, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝐷, 𝐵⟩)))) → (𝐶 = 𝑐𝐷 = 𝑑))

Theorembtwnconn1lem14 31377 Lemma for btwnconn1 31378. Final statement of the theorem when 𝐵𝐶. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Oct-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) ∧ ((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) ∧ (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩))) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩ ∨ 𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩))

Theorembtwnconn1 31378 Connectitivy law for betweenness. Theorem 5.1 of [Schwabhauser] p. 39-41. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐴𝐵𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩ ∨ 𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩)))

Theorembtwnconn2 31379 Another connectivity law for betweenness. Theorem 5.2 of [Schwabhauser] p. 41. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐴𝐵𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩) → (𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐷⟩ ∨ 𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)))

Theorembtwnconn3 31380 Inner connectivity law for betweenness. Theorem 5.3 of [Schwabhauser] p. 41. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩ ∧ 𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩) → (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∨ 𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩)))

Theoremmidofsegid 31381 If two points fall in the same place in the middle of a segment, then they are identical. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((𝐷 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∧ 𝐸 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐴, 𝐸⟩) → 𝐷 = 𝐸))

Theoremsegcon2 31382* Generalization of axsegcon 25607. This time, we generate an endpoint for a segment on the ray 𝑄𝐴 congruent to 𝐵𝐶 and starting at 𝑄, as opposed to axsegcon 25607, where the segment starts at 𝐴 (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 14-Oct-2013.) (Removed unneeded inequality, 15-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑄 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ∃𝑥 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)((𝐴 Btwn ⟨𝑄, 𝑥⟩ ∨ 𝑥 Btwn ⟨𝑄, 𝐴⟩) ∧ ⟨𝑄, 𝑥⟩Cgr⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))

21.8.29.6  Segment less than or equal to

Syntaxcsegle 31383 Declare the constant for the segment less than or equal to relationship.
class Seg

Definitiondf-segle 31384* Define the segment length comparison relationship. This relationship expresses that the segment 𝐴𝐵 is no longer than 𝐶𝐷. In this section, we establish various properties of this relationship showing that it is a transitive, reflexive relationship on pairs of points that is substitutive under congruence. Definition 5.4 of [Schwabhauser] p. 41. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Oct-2013.)
Seg = {⟨𝑝, 𝑞⟩ ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑎 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑏 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑐 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)∃𝑑 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)(𝑝 = ⟨𝑎, 𝑏⟩ ∧ 𝑞 = ⟨𝑐, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)(𝑦 Btwn ⟨𝑐, 𝑑⟩ ∧ ⟨𝑎, 𝑏⟩Cgr⟨𝑐, 𝑦⟩))}

Theorembrsegle 31385* Binary relationship form of the segment comparison relationship. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)(𝑦 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝑦⟩)))

Theorembrsegle2 31386* Alternate characterization of segment comparison. Theorem 5.5 of [Schwabhauser] p. 41-42. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)(𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝑥⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝑥⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩)))

Theoremseglecgr12im 31387 Substitution law for segment comparison under congruence. Theorem 5.6 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Oct-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐶, 𝐷⟩) → ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩ Seg𝐺, 𝐻⟩))

Theoremseglecgr12 31388 Substitution law for segment comparison under congruence. Biconditional version. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 15-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐻 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ ⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩ Seg𝐺, 𝐻⟩)))

Theoremseglerflx 31389 Segment comparison is reflexive. Theorem 5.7 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐴, 𝐵⟩)

Theoremseglemin 31390 Any segment is at least as long as a degenerate segment. Theorem 5.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐴⟩ Seg𝐵, 𝐶⟩)

Theoremsegletr 31391 Segment less than is transitive. Theorem 5.8 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 11-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩ Seg𝐸, 𝐹⟩) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐸, 𝐹⟩))

Theoremsegleantisym 31392 Antisymmetry law for segment comparison. Theorem 5.9 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 14-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩ Seg𝐴, 𝐵⟩) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩))

Theoremseglelin 31393 Linearity law for segment comparison. Theorem 5.10 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 14-Oct-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ∨ ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩ Seg𝐴, 𝐵⟩))

Theorembtwnsegle 31394 If 𝐵 falls between 𝐴 and 𝐶, then 𝐴𝐵 is no longer than 𝐴𝐶. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐴, 𝐶⟩))

Theoremcolinbtwnle 31395 Given three colinear points 𝐴, 𝐵, and 𝐶, 𝐵 falls in the middle iff the two segments to 𝐵 are no longer than 𝐴𝐶. Theorem 5.12 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 15-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝐴 Colinear ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → (𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ↔ (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ Seg𝐴, 𝐶⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ Seg𝐴, 𝐶⟩))))

21.8.29.7  Outside of relationship

Syntaxcoutsideof 31396 Declare the syntax for the outside of constant.
class OutsideOf

Definitiondf-outsideof 31397 The outside of relationship. This relationship expresses that 𝑃, 𝐴, and 𝐵 fall on a line, but 𝑃 is not on the segment 𝐴𝐵. This definition is taken from theorem 6.4 of [Schwabhauser] p. 43, since it requires no dummy variables. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Oct-2013.)
OutsideOf = ( Colinear ∖ Btwn )

Theorembroutsideof 31398 Binary relationship form of OutsideOf. Theorem 6.4 of [Schwabhauser] p. 43. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
(𝑃OutsideOf⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ↔ (𝑃 Colinear ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∧ ¬ 𝑃 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩))

Theorembroutsideof2 31399 Alternate form of OutsideOf. Definition 6.1 of [Schwabhauser] p. 43. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝑃OutsideOf⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ↔ (𝐴𝑃𝐵𝑃 ∧ (𝐴 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝐵⟩ ∨ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝑃, 𝐴⟩))))

Theoremoutsidene1 31400 Outsideness implies inequality. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 18-Oct-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑃 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (𝑃OutsideOf⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → 𝐴𝑃))

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