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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 25501-25600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
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Theoremiscgra 25501* Property for two angles ABC and DEF to be congruent. This is a modified version of the definition 11.3 of [Schwabhauser] p. 95. where the number of constructed points has been reduced to two. We chose this version rather than the textbook version because it is shorter and therefore simpler to work with. Theorem dfcgra2 25521 shows that those definitions are indeed equivalent. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 31-Jul-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)       (𝜑 → (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩ ↔ ∃𝑥𝑃𝑦𝑃 (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝑥𝐸𝑦”⟩ ∧ 𝑥(𝐾𝐸)𝐷𝑦(𝐾𝐸)𝐹)))

Theoremiscgra1 25502* A special version of iscgra 25501 where one distance is known to be equal. In this case, angle congruence can be written with only one quantifier. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))       (𝜑 → (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩ ↔ ∃𝑥𝑃 (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝑥”⟩ ∧ 𝑥(𝐾𝐸)𝐹)))

Theoremiscgrad 25503 Sufficient conditions for angle congruence, deduction version. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝑋𝐸𝑌”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑋(𝐾𝐸)𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝑌(𝐾𝐸)𝐹)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)

Theoremcgrane1 25504 Angles imply inequality. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑𝐴𝐵)

Theoremcgrane2 25505 Angles imply inequality. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑𝐵𝐶)

Theoremcgrane3 25506 Angles imply inequality. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑𝐸𝐷)

Theoremcgrane4 25507 Angles imply inequality. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑𝐸𝐹)

Theoremcgrahl1 25508 Angle congruence is independent of the choice of points on the rays. Proposition 11.10 of [Schwabhauser] p. 95. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋(𝐾𝐸)𝐷)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝑋𝐸𝐹”⟩)

Theoremcgrahl2 25509 Angle congruence is independent of the choice of points on the rays. Proposition 11.10 of [Schwabhauser] p. 95. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋(𝐾𝐸)𝐹)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝑋”⟩)

Theoremcgracgr 25510 First direction of proposition 11.4 of [Schwabhauser] p. 95. Again, this is "half" of the proposition, i.e. only two additional points are used, while Schwabhauser has four. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 31-Jul-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋(𝐾𝐵)𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑌(𝐾𝐵)𝐶)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝑋) = (𝐸 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝑌) = (𝐸 𝐹))       (𝜑 → (𝑋 𝑌) = (𝐷 𝐹))

Theoremcgraid 25511 Angle congruence is reflexive. Theorem 11.6 of [Schwabhauser] p. 96. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 31-Jul-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩)

Theoremcgraswap 25512 Swap rays in a congruence relation. Theorem 11.9 of [Schwabhauser] p. 96. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 5-Mar-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐶𝐵𝐴”⟩)

Theoremcgrcgra 25513 Triangle congruence implies angle congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 2-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)

Theoremcgracom 25514 Angle congruence commutes. Theorem 11.7 of [Schwabhauser] p. 97. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 5-Mar-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩)

Theoremcgratr 25515 Angle congruence is transitive. Theorem 11.8 of [Schwabhauser] p. 97. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 5-Mar-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝐻𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐽𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐻𝑈𝐽”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐻𝑈𝐽”⟩)

Theoremcgraswaplr 25516 Swap both side of angle congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 5-Oct-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐶𝐵𝐴”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐹𝐸𝐷”⟩)

Theoremcgrabtwn 25517 Angle congruence preserves flat angles. Part of Theorem 11.21 of [Schwabhauser] p. 97. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))       (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (𝐷𝐼𝐹))

Theoremcgrahl 25518 Angle congruence preserves null angles. Part of Theorem 11.21 of [Schwabhauser] p. 97. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐵)𝐶)       (𝜑𝐷(𝐾𝐸)𝐹)

Theoremcgracol 25519 Angle congruence preserves colinearity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐵) ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵))       (𝜑 → (𝐹 ∈ (𝐷𝐿𝐸) ∨ 𝐷 = 𝐸))

Theoremcgrancol 25520 Angle congruence preserves non-colinearity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐵) ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵))       (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐹 ∈ (𝐷𝐿𝐸) ∨ 𝐷 = 𝐸))

Theoremdfcgra2 25521* This is the full statement of definition 11.2 of [Schwabhauser] p. 95. This proof serves to confirm that the definition we have chosen, df-cgra 25500 is indeed equivalent with the textbook's definition. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 2-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)       (𝜑 → (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩ ↔ ((𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐵) ∧ (𝐷𝐸𝐹𝐸) ∧ ∃𝑎𝑃𝑐𝑃𝑑𝑃𝑓𝑃 (((𝐴 ∈ (𝐵𝐼𝑎) ∧ (𝐴 𝑎) = (𝐸 𝐷)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝐵𝐼𝑐) ∧ (𝐶 𝑐) = (𝐸 𝐹))) ∧ ((𝐷 ∈ (𝐸𝐼𝑑) ∧ (𝐷 𝑑) = (𝐵 𝐴)) ∧ (𝐹 ∈ (𝐸𝐼𝑓) ∧ (𝐹 𝑓) = (𝐵 𝐶))) ∧ (𝑎 𝑐) = (𝑑 𝑓)))))

Theoremsacgr 25522 Supplementary angles of congruent angles are themselves congruent. Theorem 11.13 of [Schwabhauser] p. 98. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Sep-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (𝐷𝐼𝑌))    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑌)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝑋𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝑌𝐸𝐹”⟩)

Theoremoacgr 25523 Vertical angle theorem. Vertical, or opposite angles are the facing pair of angles formed when two lines intersect. Eudemus of Rhodes attributed the proof to Thales of Miletus. The proposition showed that since both of a pair of vertical angles are supplementary to both of the adjacent angles, the vertical angles are equal in measure. We follow the same path. Theorem 11.14 of [Schwabhauser] p. 98. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Sep-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐹)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐵𝐹”⟩)

Theoremacopy 25524* Angle construction. Theorem 11.15 of [Schwabhauser] p. 98. This is Hilbert's axiom III.4 for geometry. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐴 ∈ (𝐵𝐿𝐶) ∨ 𝐵 = 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐷 ∈ (𝐸𝐿𝐹) ∨ 𝐸 = 𝐹))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑓𝑃 (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝑓”⟩ ∧ 𝑓((hpG‘𝐺)‘(𝐷𝐿𝐸))𝐹))

Theoremacopyeu 25525 Angle construction. Theorem 11.15 of [Schwabhauser] p. 98. This is Hilbert's axiom III.4 for geometry. Akin to a uniqueness theorem, this states that if two points 𝑋 and 𝑌 both fulfill the conditions, then they are on the same half-line. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐴 ∈ (𝐵𝐿𝐶) ∨ 𝐵 = 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐷 ∈ (𝐸𝐿𝐹) ∨ 𝐸 = 𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝑋”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝑌”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑋((hpG‘𝐺)‘(𝐷𝐿𝐸))𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝑌((hpG‘𝐺)‘(𝐷𝐿𝐸))𝐹)       (𝜑𝑋(𝐾𝐸)𝑌)

15.2.17  Angle Comparisons

Syntaxcinag 25526 Extend class relation with the geometrical "point in angle" relation.
class inA

Syntaxcleag 25527 Extend class relation with the "angle less than" relation.
class

Definitiondf-inag 25528* Definition of the geometrical "in angle" relation. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Aug-2020.)
inA = (𝑔 ∈ V ↦ {⟨𝑝, 𝑡⟩ ∣ ((𝑝 ∈ (Base‘𝑔) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ ((Base‘𝑔) ↑𝑚 (0..^3))) ∧ (((𝑡‘0) ≠ (𝑡‘1) ∧ (𝑡‘2) ≠ (𝑡‘1) ∧ 𝑝 ≠ (𝑡‘1)) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑔)(𝑥 ∈ ((𝑡‘0)(Itv‘𝑔)(𝑡‘2)) ∧ (𝑥 = (𝑡‘1) ∨ 𝑥((hlG‘𝑔)‘(𝑡‘1))𝑝))))})

Theoremisinag 25529* Property for point 𝑋 to lie in the angle ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ Defnition 11.23 of [Schwabhauser] p. 101. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)       (𝜑 → (𝑋(inA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ↔ ((𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐵𝑋𝐵) ∧ ∃𝑥𝑃 (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶) ∧ (𝑥 = 𝐵𝑥(𝐾𝐵)𝑋)))))

Theoreminagswap 25530 Swap the order of the half lines delimiting the angle. Theorem 11.24 of [Schwabhauser] p. 101. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋(inA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩)       (𝜑𝑋(inA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐶𝐵𝐴”⟩)

Theoreminaghl 25531 The "point lie in angle" relation is independent of the points chosen on the half lines starting from 𝐵. Theorem 11.25 of [Schwabhauser] p. 101. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Sep-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋(inA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷(𝐾𝐵)𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐹(𝐾𝐵)𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝑌(𝐾𝐵)𝑋)       (𝜑𝑌(inA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐵𝐹”⟩)

Definitiondf-leag 25532* Definition of the geometrical "angle less than" relation. Definition 11.27 of [Schwabhauser] p. 102. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 7-Oct-2020.)
= (𝑔 ∈ V ↦ {⟨𝑎, 𝑏⟩ ∣ ((𝑎 ∈ ((Base‘𝑔) ↑𝑚 (0..^3)) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ((Base‘𝑔) ↑𝑚 (0..^3))) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑔)(𝑥(inA‘𝑔)⟨“(𝑏‘0)(𝑏‘1)(𝑏‘2)”⟩ ∧ ⟨“(𝑎‘0)(𝑎‘1)(𝑎‘2)”⟩(cgrA‘𝑔)⟨“(𝑏‘0)(𝑏‘1)𝑥”⟩))})

Theoremisleag 25533* Geometrical "less than" property for angles. Definition 11.27 of [Schwabhauser] p. 102. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 7-Oct-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)       (𝜑 → (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(≤𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩ ↔ ∃𝑥𝑃 (𝑥(inA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩ ∧ ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝑥”⟩)))

Theoremcgrg3col4 25534* Lemma 11.28 of [Schwabhauser] p. 102. Extend a congruence of three points with a fourth colinear point. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 8-Oct-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑋 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐶) ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐶))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑦𝑃 ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶𝑋”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹𝑦”⟩)

15.2.18  Congruence Theorems

Theoremtgsas1 25535 First congruence theorem: SAS (Side-Angle-Side): If two pairs of sides of two triangles are equal in length, and the included angles are equal in measurement, then third sides are equal in length. Theorem 11.49 of [Schwabhauser] p. 107. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))       (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐴) = (𝐹 𝐷))

Theoremtgsas 25536 First congruence theorem: SAS (Side-Angle-Side): If two pairs of sides of two triangles are equal in length, and the included angles are equal in measurement, then the triangles are congruent. Theorem 11.49 of [Schwabhauser] p. 107. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)

Theoremtgsas2 25537 First congruence theorem: SAS. Theorem 11.49 of [Schwabhauser] p. 107. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐶)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐶𝐴𝐵”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐹𝐷𝐸”⟩)

Theoremtgsas3 25538 First congruence theorem: SAS. Theorem 11.49 of [Schwabhauser] p. 107. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐶)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐵𝐶𝐴”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐸𝐹𝐷”⟩)

Theoremtgasa1 25539 Second congruence theorem: ASA. (Angle-Side-Angle): If two pairs of angles of two triangles are equal in measurement, and the included sides are equal in length, then the triangles are congruent. Theorem 11.50 of [Schwabhauser] p. 108. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐵) ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐶𝐴𝐵”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐹𝐷𝐸”⟩)       (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))

Theoremtgasa 25540 Second congruence theorem: ASA. (Angle-Side-Angle): If two pairs of angles of two triangles are equal in measurement, and the included sides are equal in length, then the triangles are congruent. Theorem 11.50 of [Schwabhauser] p. 108. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐵) ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐶𝐴𝐵”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐹𝐷𝐸”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)

Theoremtgsss1 25541 Third congruence theorem: SSS (Side-Side-Side): If the three pairs of sides of two triangles are equal in length, then the triangles are congruent. Theorem 11.51 of [Schwabhauser] p. 109. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐴) = (𝐹 𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)

Theoremtgsss2 25542 Third congruence theorem: SSS. Theorem 11.51 of [Schwabhauser] p. 109. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐴) = (𝐹 𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐶𝐴𝐵”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐹𝐷𝐸”⟩)

Theoremtgsss3 25543 Third congruence theorem: SSS. Theorem 11.51 of [Schwabhauser] p. 109. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐴) = (𝐹 𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐵𝐶𝐴”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐸𝐹𝐷”⟩)

Theoremisoas 25544 Congruence theorem for isocele triangles: if two angles of a triangle are congruent, then the corresponding sides also are. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 5-Oct-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐵) ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐵))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrA‘𝐺)⟨“𝐴𝐶𝐵”⟩)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐴 𝐶))

15.2.19  Equilateral triangles

Syntaxceqlg 25545 Declare the class of equilateral triangles.
class eqltrG

Definitiondf-eqlg 25546* Define the class of equilateral triangles. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Nov-2019.)
eqltrG = (𝑔 ∈ V ↦ {𝑥 ∈ ((Base‘𝑔) ↑𝑚 (0..^3)) ∣ 𝑥(cgrG‘𝑔)⟨“(𝑥‘1)(𝑥‘2)(𝑥‘0)”⟩})

Theoremiseqlg 25547 Property of a triangle being equilateral. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 5-Oct-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)       (𝜑 → (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ∈ (eqltrG‘𝐺) ↔ ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩(cgrG‘𝐺)⟨“𝐵𝐶𝐴”⟩))

Theoremiseqlgd 25548 Condition for a triangle to be equilateral. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 5-Oct-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐵 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐶 𝐴))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐴) = (𝐴 𝐵))       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ∈ (eqltrG‘𝐺))

15.3  Properties of geometries

15.3.1  Isomorphisms between geometries

Theoremf1otrgds 25549* Convenient lemma for f1otrg 25551. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐻)    &   𝐸 = (dist‘𝐻)    &   𝐽 = (Itv‘𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐵1-1-onto𝑃)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑒𝐵𝑓𝐵)) → (𝑒𝐸𝑓) = ((𝐹𝑒)𝐷(𝐹𝑓)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑒𝐵𝑓𝐵𝑔𝐵)) → (𝑔 ∈ (𝑒𝐽𝑓) ↔ (𝐹𝑔) ∈ ((𝐹𝑒)𝐼(𝐹𝑓))))    &   (𝜑𝑋𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝑋𝐸𝑌) = ((𝐹𝑋)𝐷(𝐹𝑌)))

Theoremf1otrgitv 25550* Convenient lemma for f1otrg 25551. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐻)    &   𝐸 = (dist‘𝐻)    &   𝐽 = (Itv‘𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐵1-1-onto𝑃)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑒𝐵𝑓𝐵)) → (𝑒𝐸𝑓) = ((𝐹𝑒)𝐷(𝐹𝑓)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑒𝐵𝑓𝐵𝑔𝐵)) → (𝑔 ∈ (𝑒𝐽𝑓) ↔ (𝐹𝑔) ∈ ((𝐹𝑒)𝐼(𝐹𝑓))))    &   (𝜑𝑋𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐽𝑌) ↔ (𝐹𝑍) ∈ ((𝐹𝑋)𝐼(𝐹𝑌))))

Theoremf1otrg 25551* A bijection between bases which conserves distances and intervals conserves also geometries. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐻)    &   𝐸 = (dist‘𝐻)    &   𝐽 = (Itv‘𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐵1-1-onto𝑃)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑒𝐵𝑓𝐵)) → (𝑒𝐸𝑓) = ((𝐹𝑒)𝐷(𝐹𝑓)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑒𝐵𝑓𝐵𝑔𝐵)) → (𝑔 ∈ (𝑒𝐽𝑓) ↔ (𝐹𝑔) ∈ ((𝐹𝑒)𝐼(𝐹𝑓))))    &   (𝜑𝐻𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑 → (LineG‘𝐻) = (𝑥𝐵, 𝑦 ∈ (𝐵 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝐵 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝐽𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝐽𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝐽𝑧))}))       (𝜑𝐻 ∈ TarskiG)

Theoremf1otrge 25552* A bijection between bases which conserves distances and intervals conserves also the property of being a Euclidean geometry. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐻)    &   𝐸 = (dist‘𝐻)    &   𝐽 = (Itv‘𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐵1-1-onto𝑃)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑒𝐵𝑓𝐵)) → (𝑒𝐸𝑓) = ((𝐹𝑒)𝐷(𝐹𝑓)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑒𝐵𝑓𝐵𝑔𝐵)) → (𝑔 ∈ (𝑒𝐽𝑓) ↔ (𝐹𝑔) ∈ ((𝐹𝑒)𝐼(𝐹𝑓))))    &   (𝜑𝐻𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiGE)       (𝜑𝐻 ∈ TarskiGE)

15.4  Geometry in Hilbert spaces

Syntaxcttg 25553 Function to convert an algebraic structure to a Tarski geometry.
class toTG

Definitiondf-ttg 25554* Define a function converting a complex Hilbert space to a Tarski Geometry. It does so by equipping the structure with a betweenness operation. Note that because the scalar product is applied over the interval (0[,]1), only spaces whose scalar field is a superset of that interval can be considered. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-Mar-2019.)
toTG = (𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑤), 𝑦 ∈ (Base‘𝑤) ↦ {𝑧 ∈ (Base‘𝑤) ∣ ∃𝑘 ∈ (0[,]1)(𝑧(-g𝑤)𝑥) = (𝑘( ·𝑠𝑤)(𝑦(-g𝑤)𝑥))}) / 𝑖((𝑤 sSet ⟨(Itv‘ndx), 𝑖⟩) sSet ⟨(LineG‘ndx), (𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑤), 𝑦 ∈ (Base‘𝑤) ↦ {𝑧 ∈ (Base‘𝑤) ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝑖𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑧))})⟩))

Theoremttgval 25555* Define a function to augment a complex Hilbert space with betweenness and a line definition. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐻)    &    = (-g𝐻)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝐻)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)       (𝐻𝑉 → (𝐺 = ((𝐻 sSet ⟨(Itv‘ndx), (𝑥𝐵, 𝑦𝐵 ↦ {𝑧𝐵 ∣ ∃𝑘 ∈ (0[,]1)(𝑧 𝑥) = (𝑘 · (𝑦 𝑥))})⟩) sSet ⟨(LineG‘ndx), (𝑥𝐵, 𝑦𝐵 ↦ {𝑧𝐵 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝐼𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝐼𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝐼𝑧))})⟩) ∧ 𝐼 = (𝑥𝐵, 𝑦𝐵 ↦ {𝑧𝐵 ∣ ∃𝑘 ∈ (0[,]1)(𝑧 𝑥) = (𝑘 · (𝑦 𝑥))})))

Theoremttglem 25556 Lemma for ttgbas 25557 and ttgvsca 25560. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Apr-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &   𝐸 = Slot 𝑁    &   𝑁 ∈ ℕ    &   𝑁 < 16       (𝐸𝐻) = (𝐸𝐺)

Theoremttgbas 25557 The base set of a complex Hilbert space augmented with betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &   𝐵 = (Base‘𝐻)       𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)

Theoremttgplusg 25558 The addition operation of a complex Hilbert space augmented with betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &    + = (+g𝐻)        + = (+g𝐺)

Theoremttgsub 25559 The subtraction operation of a complex Hilbert space augmented with betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &    = (-g𝐻)        = (-g𝐺)

Theoremttgvsca 25560 The scalar product of a complex Hilbert space augmented with betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝐻)        · = ( ·𝑠𝐺)

Theoremttgds 25561 The metric of a complex Hilbert space augmented with betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &   𝐷 = (dist‘𝐻)       𝐷 = (dist‘𝐺)

Theoremttgitvval 25562* Betweenness for a complex Hilbert space augmented with betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝑃 = (Base‘𝐻)    &    = (-g𝐻)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝐻)       ((𝐻𝑉𝑋𝑃𝑌𝑃) → (𝑋𝐼𝑌) = {𝑧𝑃 ∣ ∃𝑘 ∈ (0[,]1)(𝑧 𝑋) = (𝑘 · (𝑌 𝑋))})

Theoremttgelitv 25563* Betweenness for a complex Hilbert space augmented with betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝑃 = (Base‘𝐻)    &    = (-g𝐻)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐻𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)       (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑌) ↔ ∃𝑘 ∈ (0[,]1)(𝑍 𝑋) = (𝑘 · (𝑌 𝑋))))

Theoremttgbtwnid 25564 Any complex module equipped with the betweenness operation fulfills the identity of betweenness (Axiom A6). (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 26-Mar-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝑃 = (Base‘𝐻)    &    = (-g𝐻)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   𝑅 = (Base‘(Scalar‘𝐻))    &   (𝜑 → (0[,]1) ⊆ 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ ℂMod)    &   (𝜑𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑋))       (𝜑𝑋 = 𝑌)

Theoremttgcontlem1 25565 Lemma for % ttgcont . (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-May-2019.)
𝐺 = (toTG‘𝐻)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝑃 = (Base‘𝐻)    &    = (-g𝐻)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   𝑅 = (Base‘(Scalar‘𝐻))    &   (𝜑 → (0[,]1) ⊆ 𝑅)    &    + = (+g𝐻)    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ ℂVec)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑁𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ≠ 1)    &   (𝜑𝐿𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝐿 ≤ (𝑀 / 𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝐿 ∈ (0[,]1))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (0[,]1))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (0[,]𝐿))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑋 𝐴) = (𝐾 · (𝑌 𝐴)))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑋 𝐴) = (𝑀 · (𝑁 𝐴)))    &   (𝜑𝐵 = (𝐴 + (𝐿 · (𝑁 𝐴))))       (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑌))

Theoremxmstrkgc 25566 Any metric space fulfills Tarski's geometry axioms of congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Mar-2019.)
(𝐺 ∈ ∞MetSp → 𝐺 ∈ TarskiGC)

15.4.1  Geometry in the complex plane

Theoremcchhllem 25567* Lemma for chlbas and chlvsca . (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Apr-2019.)
𝐶 = (((subringAlg ‘ℂfld)‘ℝ) sSet ⟨(·𝑖‘ndx), (𝑥 ∈ ℂ, 𝑦 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝑥 · (∗‘𝑦)))⟩)    &   𝐸 = Slot 𝑁    &   𝑁 ∈ ℕ    &   (𝑁 < 5 ∨ 8 < 𝑁)       (𝐸‘ℂfld) = (𝐸𝐶)

15.4.2  Geometry in Euclidean spaces

15.4.2.1  Definition of the Euclidean space

Syntaxcee 25568 Declare the syntax for the Euclidean space generator.
class 𝔼

Syntaxcbtwn 25569 Declare the syntax for the Euclidean betweenness predicate.
class Btwn

Syntaxccgr 25570 Declare the syntax for the Euclidean congruence predicate.
class Cgr

Definitiondf-ee 25571 Define the Euclidean space generator. For details, see elee 25574. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
𝔼 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (ℝ ↑𝑚 (1...𝑛)))

Definitiondf-btwn 25572* Define the Euclidean betweenness predicate. For details, see brbtwn 25579. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
Btwn = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑧⟩, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑥 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑛)) ∧ ∃𝑡 ∈ (0[,]1)∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑛)(𝑦𝑖) = (((1 − 𝑡) · (𝑥𝑖)) + (𝑡 · (𝑧𝑖))))}

Definitiondf-cgr 25573* Define the Euclidean congruence predicate. For details, see brcgr 25580. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
Cgr = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑥 ∈ ((𝔼‘𝑛) × (𝔼‘𝑛)) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ((𝔼‘𝑛) × (𝔼‘𝑛))) ∧ Σ𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑛)((((1st𝑥)‘𝑖) − ((2nd𝑥)‘𝑖))↑2) = Σ𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑛)((((1st𝑦)‘𝑖) − ((2nd𝑦)‘𝑖))↑2))}

Theoremelee 25574 Membership in a Euclidean space. We define Euclidean space here using Cartesian coordinates over 𝑁 space. We later abstract away from this using Tarski's geometry axioms, so this exact definition is unimportant. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ↔ 𝐴:(1...𝑁)⟶ℝ))

Theoremmptelee 25575* A condition for a mapping to be an element of a Euclidean space. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Jun-2013.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ (𝐴𝐹𝐵)) ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝐴𝐹𝐵) ∈ ℝ))

Theoremeleenn 25576 If 𝐴 is in (𝔼‘𝑁), then 𝑁 is a natural. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 1-Jul-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ)

Theoremeleei 25577 The forward direction of elee 25574. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 1-Jul-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) → 𝐴:(1...𝑁)⟶ℝ)

Theoremeedimeq 25578 A point belongs to at most one Euclidean space. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 1-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑀)) → 𝑁 = 𝑀)

Theorembrbtwn 25579* The binary relationship form of the betweenness predicate. The statement 𝐴 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐶 should be informally read as "𝐴 lies on a line segment between 𝐵 and 𝐶. This exact definition is abstracted away by Tarski's geometry axioms later on. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → (𝐴 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ ∃𝑡 ∈ (0[,]1)∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝐴𝑖) = (((1 − 𝑡) · (𝐵𝑖)) + (𝑡 · (𝐶𝑖)))))

Theorembrcgr 25580* The binary relationship form of the congruence predicate. The statement 𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷 should be read informally as "the 𝑁 dimensional point 𝐴 is as far from 𝐵 as 𝐶 is from 𝐷, or "the line segment 𝐴𝐵 is congruent to the line segment 𝐶𝐷. This particular definition is encapsulated by Tarski's axioms later on. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
(((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ Σ𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐴𝑖) − (𝐵𝑖))↑2) = Σ𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐷𝑖))↑2)))

Theoremfveere 25581 The function value of a point is a real. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 10-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → (𝐴𝐼) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremfveecn 25582 The function value of a point is a complex. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 10-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → (𝐴𝐼) ∈ ℂ)

Theoremeqeefv 25583* Two points are equal iff they agree in all dimensions. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 10-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝐴𝑖) = (𝐵𝑖)))

Theoremeqeelen 25584* Two points are equal iff the square of the distance between them is zero. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 10-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-May-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ Σ𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐴𝑖) − (𝐵𝑖))↑2) = 0))

Theorembrbtwn2 25585* Alternate characterization of betweenness, with no existential quantifiers. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → (𝐴 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ (∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐵𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖)) · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))) ≤ 0 ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐵𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖)) · ((𝐶𝑗) − (𝐴𝑗))) = (((𝐵𝑗) − (𝐴𝑗)) · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))))))

Theoremcolinearalglem1 25586 Lemma for colinearalg 25590. Expand out a multiplication. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Jun-2013.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐸 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐹 ∈ ℂ)) → (((𝐵𝐴) · (𝐹𝐷)) = ((𝐸𝐷) · (𝐶𝐴)) ↔ ((𝐵 · 𝐹) − ((𝐴 · 𝐹) + (𝐵 · 𝐷))) = ((𝐶 · 𝐸) − ((𝐴 · 𝐸) + (𝐶 · 𝐷)))))

Theoremcolinearalglem2 25587* Lemma for colinearalg 25590. Translate between two forms of the colinearity condition. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → (∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐵𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖)) · ((𝐶𝑗) − (𝐴𝑗))) = (((𝐵𝑗) − (𝐴𝑗)) · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))) ↔ ∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐵𝑖)) · ((𝐴𝑗) − (𝐵𝑗))) = (((𝐶𝑗) − (𝐵𝑗)) · ((𝐴𝑖) − (𝐵𝑖)))))

Theoremcolinearalglem3 25588* Lemma for colinearalg 25590. Translate between two forms of the colinearity condition. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → (∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐵𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖)) · ((𝐶𝑗) − (𝐴𝑗))) = (((𝐵𝑗) − (𝐴𝑗)) · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))) ↔ ∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐴𝑖) − (𝐶𝑖)) · ((𝐵𝑗) − (𝐶𝑗))) = (((𝐴𝑗) − (𝐶𝑗)) · ((𝐵𝑖) − (𝐶𝑖)))))

Theoremcolinearalglem4 25589* Lemma for colinearalg 25590. Prove a disjunction that will be needed in the final proof. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 27-Jun-2013.)
(((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℝ) → (∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)((((𝐾 · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))) + (𝐴𝑖)) − (𝐴𝑖)) · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))) ≤ 0 ∨ ∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐶𝑖) − ((𝐾 · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))) + (𝐴𝑖))) · ((𝐴𝑖) − ((𝐾 · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))) + (𝐴𝑖)))) ≤ 0 ∨ ∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐴𝑖) − (𝐶𝑖)) · (((𝐾 · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖))) + (𝐴𝑖)) − (𝐶𝑖))) ≤ 0))

Theoremcolinearalg 25590* An algebraic characterization of colinearity. Note the similarity to brbtwn2 25585. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → ((𝐴 Btwn ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ∨ 𝐵 Btwn ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩ ∨ 𝐶 Btwn ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) ↔ ∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐵𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖)) · ((𝐶𝑗) − (𝐴𝑗))) = (((𝐵𝑗) − (𝐴𝑗)) · ((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐴𝑖)))))

Theoremeleesub 25591* Membership of a subtraction mapping in a Euclidean space. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Jul-2013.)
𝐶 = (𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ ((𝐴𝑖) − (𝐵𝑖)))       ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))

Theoremeleesubd 25592* Membership of a subtraction mapping in a Euclidean space. Deduction form of eleesub 25591. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Jul-2013.)
(𝜑𝐶 = (𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ ((𝐴𝑖) − (𝐵𝑖))))       ((𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))

15.4.2.2  Tarski's axioms for geometry for the Euclidean space

Theoremaxdimuniq 25593 The unique dimension axiom. If a point is in 𝑁 dimensional space and in 𝑀 dimensional space, then 𝑁 = 𝑀. This axiom is not traditionally presented with Tarski's axioms, but we require it here as we are considering spaces in arbitrary dimensions. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 24-Sep-2013.)
(((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑀))) → 𝑁 = 𝑀)

Theoremaxcgrrflx 25594 𝐴 is as far from 𝐵 as 𝐵 is from 𝐴. Axiom A1 of [Schwabhauser] p. 10. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐵, 𝐴⟩)

Theoremaxcgrtr 25595 Congruence is transitive. Axiom A2 of [Schwabhauser] p. 10. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → ((⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ∧ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩) → ⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩Cgr⟨𝐸, 𝐹⟩))

Theoremaxcgrid 25596 If there is no distance between 𝐴 and 𝐵, then 𝐴 = 𝐵. Axiom A3 of [Schwabhauser] p. 10. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jun-2013.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁))) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩Cgr⟨𝐶, 𝐶⟩ → 𝐴 = 𝐵))

Theoremaxsegconlem1 25597* Lemma for axsegcon 25607. Handle the degenerate case. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 = 𝐵 ∧ ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)))) → ∃𝑥 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)∃𝑡 ∈ (0[,]1)(∀𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝐵𝑖) = (((1 − 𝑡) · (𝐴𝑖)) + (𝑡 · (𝑥𝑖))) ∧ Σ𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐵𝑖) − (𝑥𝑖))↑2) = Σ𝑖 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐶𝑖) − (𝐷𝑖))↑2)))

Theoremaxsegconlem2 25598* Lemma for axsegcon 25607. Show that the square of the distance between two points is a real number. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Sep-2013.)
𝑆 = Σ𝑝 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐴𝑝) − (𝐵𝑝))↑2)       ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → 𝑆 ∈ ℝ)

Theoremaxsegconlem3 25599* Lemma for axsegcon 25607. Show that the square of the distance between two points is nonnegative. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Sep-2013.)
𝑆 = Σ𝑝 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐴𝑝) − (𝐵𝑝))↑2)       ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → 0 ≤ 𝑆)

Theoremaxsegconlem4 25600* Lemma for axsegcon 25607. Show that the distance between two points is a real number. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Sep-2013.)
𝑆 = Σ𝑝 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((𝐴𝑝) − (𝐵𝑝))↑2)       ((𝐴 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (𝔼‘𝑁)) → (√‘𝑆) ∈ ℝ)

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268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 330 32901-33000 331 33001-33100 332 33101-33200 333 33201-33300 334 33301-33400 335 33401-33500 336 33501-33600 337 33601-33700 338 33701-33800 339 33801-33900 340 33901-34000 341 34001-34100 342 34101-34200 343 34201-34300 344 34301-34400 345 34401-34500 346 34501-34600 347 34601-34700 348 34701-34800 349 34801-34900 350 34901-35000 351 35001-35100 352 35101-35200 353 35201-35300 354 35301-35400 355 35401-35500 356 35501-35600 357 35601-35700 358 35701-35800 359 35801-35900 360 35901-36000 361 36001-36100 362 36101-36200 363 36201-36300 364 36301-36400 365 36401-36500 366 36501-36600 367 36601-36700 368 36701-36800 369 36801-36900 370 36901-37000 371 37001-37100 372 37101-37200 373 37201-37300 374 37301-37400 375 37401-37500 376 37501-37600 377 37601-37700 378 37701-37800 379 37801-37900 380 37901-38000 381 38001-38100 382 38101-38200 383 38201-38300 384 38301-38400 385 38401-38500 386 38501-38600 387 38601-38700 388 38701-38800 389 38801-38900 390 38901-39000 391 39001-39100 392 39101-39200 393 39201-39300 394 39301-39400 395 39401-39500 396 39501-39600 397 39601-39700 398 39701-39800 399 39801-39900 400 39901-40000 401 40001-40100 402 40101-40200 403 40201-40300 404 40301-40400 405 40401-40500 406 40501-40600 407 40601-40700 408 40701-40800 409 40801-40900 410 40901-41000 411 41001-41100 412 41101-41200 413 41201-41300 414 41301-41400 415 41401-41500 416 41501-41600 417 41601-41700 418 41701-41800 419 41801-41900 420 41901-42000 421 42001-42100 422 42101-42200 423 42201-42300 424 42301-42360
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