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Theorem dfgrp3 17337
 Description: Alternate definition of a group as semigroup (with at least one element) which is also a quasigroup, i.e. a magma in which solutions 𝑥 and 𝑦 of the equations (𝑎 + 𝑥) = 𝑏 and (𝑥 + 𝑎) = 𝑏 exist. Theorem 3.2 of [Bruck] p. 28. (Contributed by AV, 28-Aug-2021.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
dfgrp3.b 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
dfgrp3.p + = (+g𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dfgrp3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝐵,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦   𝐺,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦   + ,𝑙,𝑟,𝑥,𝑦

Proof of Theorem dfgrp3
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑖 𝑢 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 grpsgrp 17269 . . 3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → 𝐺 ∈ SGrp)
2 dfgrp3.b . . . 4 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
32grpbn0 17274 . . 3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → 𝐵 ≠ ∅)
4 simpl 472 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → 𝐺 ∈ Grp)
5 simpr 476 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵) → 𝑦𝐵)
65adantl 481 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → 𝑦𝐵)
7 simpl 472 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵) → 𝑥𝐵)
87adantl 481 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → 𝑥𝐵)
9 eqid 2610 . . . . . . . 8 (-g𝐺) = (-g𝐺)
102, 9grpsubcl 17318 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑦𝐵𝑥𝐵) → (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)
114, 6, 8, 10syl3anc 1318 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)
12 oveq1 6556 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑙 = (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) → (𝑙 + 𝑥) = ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥))
1312eqeq1d 2612 . . . . . . 7 (𝑙 = (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) → ((𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ↔ ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥) = 𝑦))
1413adantl 481 . . . . . 6 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) ∧ 𝑙 = (𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥)) → ((𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ↔ ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥) = 𝑦))
15 dfgrp3.p . . . . . . . 8 + = (+g𝐺)
162, 15, 9grpnpcan 17330 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑦𝐵𝑥𝐵) → ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥) = 𝑦)
174, 6, 8, 16syl3anc 1318 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((𝑦(-g𝐺)𝑥) + 𝑥) = 𝑦)
1811, 14, 17rspcedvd 3289 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦)
19 eqid 2610 . . . . . . . . 9 (invg𝐺) = (invg𝐺)
202, 19grpinvcl 17290 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) → ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)
2120adantrr 749 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)
222, 15grpcl 17253 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) ∈ 𝐵𝑦𝐵) → (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵)
234, 21, 6, 22syl3anc 1318 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐵)
24 oveq2 6557 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑟 = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦) → (𝑥 + 𝑟) = (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)))
2524eqeq1d 2612 . . . . . . 7 (𝑟 = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦) → ((𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)) = 𝑦))
2625adantl 481 . . . . . 6 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) ∧ 𝑟 = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)) = 𝑦))
27 eqid 2610 . . . . . . . . . 10 (0g𝐺) = (0g𝐺)
282, 15, 27, 19grprinv 17292 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑥𝐵) → (𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) = (0g𝐺))
2928adantrr 749 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) = (0g𝐺))
3029oveq1d 6564 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) + 𝑦) = ((0g𝐺) + 𝑦))
312, 15grpass 17254 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵 ∧ ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) ∈ 𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) + 𝑦) = (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)))
324, 8, 21, 6, 31syl13anc 1320 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((𝑥 + ((invg𝐺)‘𝑥)) + 𝑦) = (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)))
33 grpmnd 17252 . . . . . . . 8 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → 𝐺 ∈ Mnd)
342, 15, 27mndlid 17134 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ Mnd ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((0g𝐺) + 𝑦) = 𝑦)
3533, 5, 34syl2an 493 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ((0g𝐺) + 𝑦) = 𝑦)
3630, 32, 353eqtr3d 2652 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (𝑥 + (((invg𝐺)‘𝑥) + 𝑦)) = 𝑦)
3723, 26, 36rspcedvd 3289 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)
3818, 37jca 553 . . . 4 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵)) → (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))
3938ralrimivva 2954 . . 3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦))
401, 3, 393jca 1235 . 2 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
41 simp1 1054 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → 𝐺 ∈ SGrp)
422, 15dfgrp3lem 17336 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → ∃𝑢𝐵𝑎𝐵 ((𝑢 + 𝑎) = 𝑎 ∧ ∃𝑖𝐵 (𝑖 + 𝑎) = 𝑢))
432, 15dfgrp2 17270 . . 3 (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ ∃𝑢𝐵𝑎𝐵 ((𝑢 + 𝑎) = 𝑎 ∧ ∃𝑖𝐵 (𝑖 + 𝑎) = 𝑢)))
4441, 42, 43sylanbrc 695 . 2 ((𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)) → 𝐺 ∈ Grp)
4540, 44impbii 198 1 (𝐺 ∈ Grp ↔ (𝐺 ∈ SGrp ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐵𝑦𝐵 (∃𝑙𝐵 (𝑙 + 𝑥) = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑟𝐵 (𝑥 + 𝑟) = 𝑦)))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   ↔ wb 195   ∧ wa 383   ∧ w3a 1031   = wceq 1475   ∈ wcel 1977   ≠ wne 2780  ∀wral 2896  ∃wrex 2897  ∅c0 3874  ‘cfv 5804  (class class class)co 6549  Basecbs 15695  +gcplusg 15768  0gc0g 15923  SGrpcsgrp 17106  Mndcmnd 17117  Grpcgrp 17245  invgcminusg 17246  -gcsg 17247 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986  ax-10 2006  ax-11 2021  ax-12 2034  ax-13 2234  ax-ext 2590  ax-rep 4699  ax-sep 4709  ax-nul 4717  ax-pow 4769  ax-pr 4833  ax-un 6847 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3an 1033  df-tru 1478  df-ex 1696  df-nf 1701  df-sb 1868  df-eu 2462  df-mo 2463  df-clab 2597  df-cleq 2603  df-clel 2606  df-nfc 2740  df-ne 2782  df-ral 2901  df-rex 2902  df-reu 2903  df-rmo 2904  df-rab 2905  df-v 3175  df-sbc 3403  df-csb 3500  df-dif 3543  df-un 3545  df-in 3547  df-ss 3554  df-nul 3875  df-if 4037  df-pw 4110  df-sn 4126  df-pr 4128  df-op 4132  df-uni 4373  df-iun 4457  df-br 4584  df-opab 4644  df-mpt 4645  df-id 4953  df-xp 5044  df-rel 5045  df-cnv 5046  df-co 5047  df-dm 5048  df-rn 5049  df-res 5050  df-ima 5051  df-iota 5768  df-fun 5806  df-fn 5807  df-f 5808  df-f1 5809  df-fo 5810  df-f1o 5811  df-fv 5812  df-riota 6511  df-ov 6552  df-oprab 6553  df-mpt2 6554  df-1st 7059  df-2nd 7060  df-0g 15925  df-mgm 17065  df-sgrp 17107  df-mnd 17118  df-grp 17248  df-minusg 17249  df-sbg 17250 This theorem is referenced by:  dfgrp3e  17338
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