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Theorem peano5nni 10900
 Description: Peano's inductive postulate. Theorem I.36 (principle of mathematical induction) of [Apostol] p. 34. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jan-1997.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
peano5nni ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ℕ ⊆ 𝐴)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴

Proof of Theorem peano5nni
Dummy variables 𝑛 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 df-nn 10898 . . 3 ℕ = (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) “ ω)
2 df-ima 5051 . . 3 (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) “ ω) = ran (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)
31, 2eqtri 2632 . 2 ℕ = ran (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)
4 frfnom 7417 . . . . 5 (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) Fn ω
54a1i 11 . . . 4 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) Fn ω)
6 fveq2 6103 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = ∅ → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅))
76eleq1d 2672 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = ∅ → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅) ∈ 𝐴))
8 fveq2 6103 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧))
98eleq1d 2672 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴))
10 fveq2 6103 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = suc 𝑧 → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧))
1110eleq1d 2672 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = suc 𝑧 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴))
12 ax-1cn 9873 . . . . . . . . 9 1 ∈ ℂ
13 fr0g 7418 . . . . . . . . 9 (1 ∈ ℂ → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅) = 1)
1412, 13ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . 8 ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅) = 1
15 simpl 472 . . . . . . . 8 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → 1 ∈ 𝐴)
1614, 15syl5eqel 2692 . . . . . . 7 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘∅) ∈ 𝐴)
17 oveq1 6556 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (𝑥 + 1) = (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1))
1817eleq1d 2672 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑥 = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → ((𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
1918rspccv 3279 . . . . . . . . . 10 (∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
2019ad2antlr 759 . . . . . . . . 9 (((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ ω) → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
21 ovex 6577 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ V
22 eqid 2610 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) = (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)
23 oveq1 6556 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑦 = 𝑛 → (𝑦 + 1) = (𝑛 + 1))
24 oveq1 6556 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑦 = ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (𝑦 + 1) = (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1))
2522, 23, 24frsucmpt2 7422 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑧 ∈ ω ∧ (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ V) → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) = (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1))
2621, 25mpan2 703 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑧 ∈ ω → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) = (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1))
2726eleq1d 2672 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑧 ∈ ω → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
2827adantl 481 . . . . . . . . 9 (((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ ω) → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 ↔ (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) + 1) ∈ 𝐴))
2920, 28sylibrd 248 . . . . . . . 8 (((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ ω) → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴))
3029expcom 450 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ ω → ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → (((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝐴 → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑧) ∈ 𝐴)))
317, 9, 11, 16, 30finds2 6986 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 ∈ ω → ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴))
3231com12 32 . . . . 5 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → (𝑦 ∈ ω → ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴))
3332ralrimiv 2948 . . . 4 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ∀𝑦 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴)
34 ffnfv 6295 . . . 4 ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω):ω⟶𝐴 ↔ ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) Fn ω ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω)‘𝑦) ∈ 𝐴))
355, 33, 34sylanbrc 695 . . 3 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω):ω⟶𝐴)
36 frn 5966 . . 3 ((rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω):ω⟶𝐴 → ran (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) ⊆ 𝐴)
3735, 36syl 17 . 2 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ran (rec((𝑛 ∈ V ↦ (𝑛 + 1)), 1) ↾ ω) ⊆ 𝐴)
383, 37syl5eqss 3612 1 ((1 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → ℕ ⊆ 𝐴)
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 195   ∧ wa 383   = wceq 1475   ∈ wcel 1977  ∀wral 2896  Vcvv 3173   ⊆ wss 3540  ∅c0 3874   ↦ cmpt 4643  ran crn 5039   ↾ cres 5040   “ cima 5041  suc csuc 5642   Fn wfn 5799  ⟶wf 5800  ‘cfv 5804  (class class class)co 6549  ωcom 6957  reccrdg 7392  ℂcc 9813  1c1 9816   + caddc 9818  ℕcn 10897 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986  ax-10 2006  ax-11 2021  ax-12 2034  ax-13 2234  ax-ext 2590  ax-sep 4709  ax-nul 4717  ax-pow 4769  ax-pr 4833  ax-un 6847  ax-1cn 9873 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1032  df-3an 1033  df-tru 1478  df-ex 1696  df-nf 1701  df-sb 1868  df-eu 2462  df-mo 2463  df-clab 2597  df-cleq 2603  df-clel 2606  df-nfc 2740  df-ne 2782  df-ral 2901  df-rex 2902  df-reu 2903  df-rab 2905  df-v 3175  df-sbc 3403  df-csb 3500  df-dif 3543  df-un 3545  df-in 3547  df-ss 3554  df-pss 3556  df-nul 3875  df-if 4037  df-pw 4110  df-sn 4126  df-pr 4128  df-tp 4130  df-op 4132  df-uni 4373  df-iun 4457  df-br 4584  df-opab 4644  df-mpt 4645  df-tr 4681  df-eprel 4949  df-id 4953  df-po 4959  df-so 4960  df-fr 4997  df-we 4999  df-xp 5044  df-rel 5045  df-cnv 5046  df-co 5047  df-dm 5048  df-rn 5049  df-res 5050  df-ima 5051  df-pred 5597  df-ord 5643  df-on 5644  df-lim 5645  df-suc 5646  df-iota 5768  df-fun 5806  df-fn 5807  df-f 5808  df-f1 5809  df-fo 5810  df-f1o 5811  df-fv 5812  df-ov 6552  df-om 6958  df-wrecs 7294  df-recs 7355  df-rdg 7393  df-nn 10898 This theorem is referenced by:  nnssre  10901  dfnn2  10910  nnind  10915  nnindf  28952
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