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Theorem zorng 9209
 Description: Zorn's Lemma. If the union of every chain (with respect to inclusion) in a set belongs to the set, then the set contains a maximal element. Theorem 6M of [Enderton] p. 151. This version of zorn 9212 avoids the Axiom of Choice by assuming that 𝐴 is well-orderable. (Contributed by NM, 12-Aug-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-May-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
zorng ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴)) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝐴

Proof of Theorem zorng
Dummy variable 𝑢 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 risset 3044 . . . . . 6 ( 𝑧𝐴 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = 𝑧)
2 eqimss2 3621 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 𝑧 𝑧𝑥)
3 unissb 4405 . . . . . . . . 9 ( 𝑧𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑢𝑧 𝑢𝑥)
42, 3sylib 207 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → ∀𝑢𝑧 𝑢𝑥)
5 vex 3176 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑥 ∈ V
65brrpss 6838 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢𝑥)
76orbi1i 541 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥) ↔ (𝑢𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
8 sspss 3668 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑢𝑥 ↔ (𝑢𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
97, 8bitr4i 266 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥) ↔ 𝑢𝑥)
109ralbii 2963 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑢𝑧 𝑢𝑥)
114, 10sylibr 223 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → ∀𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
1211reximi 2994 . . . . . 6 (∃𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = 𝑧 → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
131, 12sylbi 206 . . . . 5 ( 𝑧𝐴 → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
1413imim2i 16 . . . 4 (((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴) → ((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥)))
1514alimi 1730 . . 3 (∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴) → ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥)))
16 porpss 6839 . . . 4 [] Po 𝐴
17 zorn2g 9208 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ [] Po 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦)
1816, 17mp3an2 1404 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦)
1915, 18sylan2 490 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴)) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦)
20 vex 3176 . . . . . 6 𝑦 ∈ V
2120brrpss 6838 . . . . 5 (𝑥 [] 𝑦𝑥𝑦)
2221notbii 309 . . . 4 𝑥 [] 𝑦 ↔ ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
2322ralbii 2963 . . 3 (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
2423rexbii 3023 . 2 (∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
2519, 24sylib 207 1 ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴)) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3   → wi 4   ∨ wo 382   ∧ wa 383  ∀wal 1473   = wceq 1475   ∈ wcel 1977  ∀wral 2896  ∃wrex 2897   ⊆ wss 3540   ⊊ wpss 3541  ∪ cuni 4372   class class class wbr 4583   Po wpo 4957   Or wor 4958  dom cdm 5038   [⊊] crpss 6834  cardccrd 8644 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986  ax-10 2006  ax-11 2021  ax-12 2034  ax-13 2234  ax-ext 2590  ax-rep 4699  ax-sep 4709  ax-nul 4717  ax-pow 4769  ax-pr 4833  ax-un 6847 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1032  df-3an 1033  df-tru 1478  df-ex 1696  df-nf 1701  df-sb 1868  df-eu 2462  df-mo 2463  df-clab 2597  df-cleq 2603  df-clel 2606  df-nfc 2740  df-ne 2782  df-ral 2901  df-rex 2902  df-reu 2903  df-rmo 2904  df-rab 2905  df-v 3175  df-sbc 3403  df-csb 3500  df-dif 3543  df-un 3545  df-in 3547  df-ss 3554  df-pss 3556  df-nul 3875  df-if 4037  df-pw 4110  df-sn 4126  df-pr 4128  df-tp 4130  df-op 4132  df-uni 4373  df-int 4411  df-iun 4457  df-br 4584  df-opab 4644  df-mpt 4645  df-tr 4681  df-eprel 4949  df-id 4953  df-po 4959  df-so 4960  df-fr 4997  df-se 4998  df-we 4999  df-xp 5044  df-rel 5045  df-cnv 5046  df-co 5047  df-dm 5048  df-rn 5049  df-res 5050  df-ima 5051  df-pred 5597  df-ord 5643  df-on 5644  df-suc 5646  df-iota 5768  df-fun 5806  df-fn 5807  df-f 5808  df-f1 5809  df-fo 5810  df-f1o 5811  df-fv 5812  df-isom 5813  df-riota 6511  df-rpss 6835  df-wrecs 7294  df-recs 7355  df-en 7842  df-card 8648 This theorem is referenced by:  zornn0g  9210  zorn  9212
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