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Theorem abeq2 2718
Description: Equality of a class variable and a class abstraction (also called a class builder). Theorem 5.1 of [Quine] p. 34. This theorem shows the relationship between expressions with class abstractions and expressions with class variables. Note that abbi 2723 and its relatives are among those useful for converting theorems with class variables to equivalent theorems with wff variables, by first substituting a class abstraction for each class variable.

Class variables can always be eliminated from a theorem to result in an equivalent theorem with wff variables, and vice-versa. The idea is roughly as follows. To convert a theorem with a wff variable 𝜑 (that has a free variable 𝑥) to a theorem with a class variable 𝐴, we substitute 𝑥𝐴 for 𝜑 throughout and simplify, where 𝐴 is a new class variable not already in the wff. An example is the conversion of zfauscl 4705 to inex1 4722 (look at the instance of zfauscl 4705 that occurs in the proof of inex1 4722). Conversely, to convert a theorem with a class variable 𝐴 to one with 𝜑, we substitute {𝑥𝜑} for 𝐴 throughout and simplify, where 𝑥 and 𝜑 are new setvar and wff variables not already in the wff. Examples include dfsymdif2 3812 and cp 8614; the latter derives a formula containing wff variables from substitution instances of the class variables in its equivalent formulation cplem2 8613. For more information on class variables, see Quine pp. 15-21 and/or Takeuti and Zaring pp. 10-13. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
abeq2 (𝐴 = {𝑥𝜑} ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴
Allowed substitution hint:   𝜑(𝑥)

Proof of Theorem abeq2
Dummy variable 𝑦 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 ax-5 1826 . . 3 (𝑦𝐴 → ∀𝑥 𝑦𝐴)
2 hbab1 2598 . . 3 (𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} → ∀𝑥 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝜑})
31, 2cleqh 2710 . 2 (𝐴 = {𝑥𝜑} ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝑥 ∈ {𝑥𝜑}))
4 abid 2597 . . . 4 (𝑥 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ 𝜑)
54bibi2i 325 . . 3 ((𝑥𝐴𝑥 ∈ {𝑥𝜑}) ↔ (𝑥𝐴𝜑))
65albii 1736 . 2 (∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝑥 ∈ {𝑥𝜑}) ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
73, 6bitri 262 1 (𝐴 = {𝑥𝜑} ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wb 194  wal 1472   = wceq 1474  wcel 1976  {cab 2595
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1712  ax-4 1727  ax-5 1826  ax-6 1874  ax-7 1921  ax-10 2005  ax-11 2020  ax-12 2033  ax-13 2233  ax-ext 2589
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 195  df-or 383  df-an 384  df-tru 1477  df-ex 1695  df-nf 1700  df-sb 1867  df-clab 2596  df-cleq 2602  df-clel 2605
This theorem is referenced by:  abeq1  2719  abbi2i  2724  abbi2dv  2728  clabel  2735  rabid2  3095  ru  3400  sbcabel  3482  dfss2  3556  zfrep4  4701  pwex  4769  dmopab3  5246  funimaexg  5875
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