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Theorem subfaclefac 30412
 Description: The subfactorial is less than the factorial. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jan-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
derang.d 𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))
subfac.n 𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))
Assertion
Ref Expression
subfaclefac (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑆𝑁) ≤ (!‘𝑁))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑓,𝑛,𝑥,𝑦,𝑁   𝐷,𝑛   𝑆,𝑛,𝑥,𝑦
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐷(𝑥,𝑦,𝑓)   𝑆(𝑓)

Proof of Theorem subfaclefac
StepHypRef Expression
1 anidm 674 . . . . . 6 ((𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)) ↔ 𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))
21abbii 2726 . . . . 5 {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))} = {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}
3 fzfid 12634 . . . . . 6 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (1...𝑁) ∈ Fin)
4 deranglem 30402 . . . . . 6 ((1...𝑁) ∈ Fin → {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))} ∈ Fin)
53, 4syl 17 . . . . 5 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))} ∈ Fin)
62, 5syl5eqelr 2693 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)} ∈ Fin)
7 simpl 472 . . . . 5 ((𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦) → 𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))
87ss2abi 3637 . . . 4 {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ⊆ {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}
9 ssdomg 7887 . . . 4 ({𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)} ∈ Fin → ({𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ⊆ {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)} → {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ≼ {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))
106, 8, 9mpisyl 21 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ≼ {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)})
11 deranglem 30402 . . . . 5 ((1...𝑁) ∈ Fin → {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ∈ Fin)
123, 11syl 17 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ∈ Fin)
13 hashdom 13029 . . . 4 (({𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ∈ Fin ∧ {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)} ∈ Fin) → ((#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}) ≤ (#‘{𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) ↔ {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ≼ {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))
1412, 6, 13syl2anc 691 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → ((#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}) ≤ (#‘{𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) ↔ {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)} ≼ {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))
1510, 14mpbird 246 . 2 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}) ≤ (#‘{𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))
16 derang.d . . . 4 𝐷 = (𝑥 ∈ Fin ↦ (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝑥1-1-onto𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))
17 subfac.n . . . 4 𝑆 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝐷‘(1...𝑛)))
1816, 17subfacval 30409 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑆𝑁) = (𝐷‘(1...𝑁)))
1916derangval 30403 . . . 4 ((1...𝑁) ∈ Fin → (𝐷‘(1...𝑁)) = (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))
203, 19syl 17 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝐷‘(1...𝑁)) = (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))
2118, 20eqtrd 2644 . 2 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑆𝑁) = (#‘{𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ (1...𝑁)(𝑓𝑦) ≠ 𝑦)}))
22 hashfac 13099 . . . 4 ((1...𝑁) ∈ Fin → (#‘{𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) = (!‘(#‘(1...𝑁))))
233, 22syl 17 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (#‘{𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) = (!‘(#‘(1...𝑁))))
24 hashfz1 12996 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (#‘(1...𝑁)) = 𝑁)
2524fveq2d 6107 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (!‘(#‘(1...𝑁))) = (!‘𝑁))
2623, 25eqtr2d 2645 . 2 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (!‘𝑁) = (#‘{𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))
2715, 21, 263brtr4d 4615 1 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑆𝑁) ≤ (!‘𝑁))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 195   ∧ wa 383   = wceq 1475   ∈ wcel 1977  {cab 2596   ≠ wne 2780  ∀wral 2896   ⊆ wss 3540   class class class wbr 4583   ↦ cmpt 4643  –1-1-onto→wf1o 5803  ‘cfv 5804  (class class class)co 6549   ≼ cdom 7839  Fincfn 7841  1c1 9816   ≤ cle 9954  ℕ0cn0 11169  ...cfz 12197  !cfa 12922  #chash 12979 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986  ax-10 2006  ax-11 2021  ax-12 2034  ax-13 2234  ax-ext 2590  ax-rep 4699  ax-sep 4709  ax-nul 4717  ax-pow 4769  ax-pr 4833  ax-un 6847  ax-cnex 9871  ax-resscn 9872  ax-1cn 9873  ax-icn 9874  ax-addcl 9875  ax-addrcl 9876  ax-mulcl 9877  ax-mulrcl 9878  ax-mulcom 9879  ax-addass 9880  ax-mulass 9881  ax-distr 9882  ax-i2m1 9883  ax-1ne0 9884  ax-1rid 9885  ax-rnegex 9886  ax-rrecex 9887  ax-cnre 9888  ax-pre-lttri 9889  ax-pre-lttrn 9890  ax-pre-ltadd 9891  ax-pre-mulgt0 9892 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1032  df-3an 1033  df-tru 1478  df-ex 1696  df-nf 1701  df-sb 1868  df-eu 2462  df-mo 2463  df-clab 2597  df-cleq 2603  df-clel 2606  df-nfc 2740  df-ne 2782  df-nel 2783  df-ral 2901  df-rex 2902  df-reu 2903  df-rmo 2904  df-rab 2905  df-v 3175  df-sbc 3403  df-csb 3500  df-dif 3543  df-un 3545  df-in 3547  df-ss 3554  df-pss 3556  df-nul 3875  df-if 4037  df-pw 4110  df-sn 4126  df-pr 4128  df-tp 4130  df-op 4132  df-uni 4373  df-int 4411  df-iun 4457  df-br 4584  df-opab 4644  df-mpt 4645  df-tr 4681  df-eprel 4949  df-id 4953  df-po 4959  df-so 4960  df-fr 4997  df-we 4999  df-xp 5044  df-rel 5045  df-cnv 5046  df-co 5047  df-dm 5048  df-rn 5049  df-res 5050  df-ima 5051  df-pred 5597  df-ord 5643  df-on 5644  df-lim 5645  df-suc 5646  df-iota 5768  df-fun 5806  df-fn 5807  df-f 5808  df-f1 5809  df-fo 5810  df-f1o 5811  df-fv 5812  df-riota 6511  df-ov 6552  df-oprab 6553  df-mpt2 6554  df-om 6958  df-1st 7059  df-2nd 7060  df-wrecs 7294  df-recs 7355  df-rdg 7393  df-1o 7447  df-2o 7448  df-oadd 7451  df-er 7629  df-map 7746  df-pm 7747  df-en 7842  df-dom 7843  df-sdom 7844  df-fin 7845  df-card 8648  df-cda 8873  df-pnf 9955  df-mnf 9956  df-xr 9957  df-ltxr 9958  df-le 9959  df-sub 10147  df-neg 10148  df-div 10564  df-nn 10898  df-n0 11170  df-xnn0 11241  df-z 11255  df-uz 11564  df-fz 12198  df-seq 12664  df-fac 12923  df-bc 12952  df-hash 12980 This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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