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Theorem inf3 8415
 Description: Our Axiom of Infinity ax-inf 8418 implies the standard Axiom of Infinity. The hypothesis is a variant of our Axiom of Infinity provided by inf2 8403, and the conclusion is the version of the Axiom of Infinity shown as Axiom 7 in [TakeutiZaring] p. 43. (Other standard versions are proved later as axinf2 8420 and zfinf2 8422.) The main proof is provided by inf3lema 8404 through inf3lem7 8414, and this final piece eliminates the auxiliary hypothesis of inf3lem7 8414. This proof is due to Ian Sutherland, Richard Heck, and Norman Megill and was posted on Usenet as shown below. Although the result is not new, the authors were unable to find a published proof.  (As posted to sci.logic on 30-Oct-1996, with annotations added.) Theorem: The statement "There exists a nonempty set that is a subset of its union" implies the Axiom of Infinity. Proof: Let X be a nonempty set which is a subset of its union; the latter property is equivalent to saying that for any y in X, there exists a z in X such that y is in z. Define by finite recursion a function F:omega-->(power X) such that F_0 = 0 (See inf3lemb 8405.) F_n+1 = {y y^(X-F_n) = 0, we have F_n+1 = {y m. Basis: F_m proper_subset F_m+1 by Lemma 4. Induction: Assume F_m proper_subset F_n. Then since F_n proper_subset F_n+1, F_m proper_subset F_n+1 by transitivity of proper subset. By Lemma 5, F_m =/= F_n for m =/= n, so F is 1-1. (See inf3lem6 8413.) Thus, the inverse of F is a function with range omega and domain a subset of power X, so omega exists by Replacement. (See inf3lem7 8414.) Q.E.D.  (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-1996.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
inf3.1 𝑥(𝑥 ≠ ∅ ∧ 𝑥 𝑥)
Assertion
Ref Expression
inf3 ω ∈ V

Proof of Theorem inf3
Dummy variables 𝑦 𝑤 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2610 . . 3 (𝑦 ∈ V ↦ {𝑤𝑥 ∣ (𝑤𝑥) ⊆ 𝑦}) = (𝑦 ∈ V ↦ {𝑤𝑥 ∣ (𝑤𝑥) ⊆ 𝑦})
2 eqid 2610 . . 3 (rec((𝑦 ∈ V ↦ {𝑤𝑥 ∣ (𝑤𝑥) ⊆ 𝑦}), ∅) ↾ ω) = (rec((𝑦 ∈ V ↦ {𝑤𝑥 ∣ (𝑤𝑥) ⊆ 𝑦}), ∅) ↾ ω)
3 vex 3176 . . 3 𝑥 ∈ V
41, 2, 3, 3inf3lem7 8414 . 2 ((𝑥 ≠ ∅ ∧ 𝑥 𝑥) → ω ∈ V)
5 inf3.1 . 2 𝑥(𝑥 ≠ ∅ ∧ 𝑥 𝑥)
64, 5exlimiiv 1846 1 ω ∈ V
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   ∧ wa 383  ∃wex 1695   ∈ wcel 1977   ≠ wne 2780  {crab 2900  Vcvv 3173   ∩ cin 3539   ⊆ wss 3540  ∅c0 3874  ∪ cuni 4372   ↦ cmpt 4643   ↾ cres 5040  ωcom 6957  reccrdg 7392 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986  ax-10 2006  ax-11 2021  ax-12 2034  ax-13 2234  ax-ext 2590  ax-rep 4699  ax-sep 4709  ax-nul 4717  ax-pow 4769  ax-pr 4833  ax-un 6847  ax-reg 8380 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1032  df-3an 1033  df-tru 1478  df-ex 1696  df-nf 1701  df-sb 1868  df-eu 2462  df-mo 2463  df-clab 2597  df-cleq 2603  df-clel 2606  df-nfc 2740  df-ne 2782  df-ral 2901  df-rex 2902  df-reu 2903  df-rab 2905  df-v 3175  df-sbc 3403  df-csb 3500  df-dif 3543  df-un 3545  df-in 3547  df-ss 3554  df-pss 3556  df-nul 3875  df-if 4037  df-pw 4110  df-sn 4126  df-pr 4128  df-tp 4130  df-op 4132  df-uni 4373  df-iun 4457  df-br 4584  df-opab 4644  df-mpt 4645  df-tr 4681  df-eprel 4949  df-id 4953  df-po 4959  df-so 4960  df-fr 4997  df-we 4999  df-xp 5044  df-rel 5045  df-cnv 5046  df-co 5047  df-dm 5048  df-rn 5049  df-res 5050  df-ima 5051  df-pred 5597  df-ord 5643  df-on 5644  df-lim 5645  df-suc 5646  df-iota 5768  df-fun 5806  df-fn 5807  df-f 5808  df-f1 5809  df-fo 5810  df-f1o 5811  df-fv 5812  df-om 6958  df-wrecs 7294  df-recs 7355  df-rdg 7393 This theorem is referenced by:  axinf2  8420
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