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Theorem hartogs 8309
Description: Given any set, the Hartogs number of the set is the least ordinal not dominated by that set. This theorem proves that there is always an ordinal which satisfies this. (This theorem can be proven trivially using the AC - see theorem ondomon 9241- but this proof works in ZF.) (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 22-Oct-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-May-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
hartogs (𝐴𝑉 → {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ∈ On)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴
Allowed substitution hint:   𝑉(𝑥)

Proof of Theorem hartogs
Dummy variables 𝑔 𝑟 𝑠 𝑡 𝑤 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 onelon 5651 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑧 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝑧) → 𝑦 ∈ On)
2 vex 3175 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑧 ∈ V
3 onelss 5669 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑧 ∈ On → (𝑦𝑧𝑦𝑧))
43imp 443 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑧 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝑧) → 𝑦𝑧)
5 ssdomg 7864 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑧 ∈ V → (𝑦𝑧𝑦𝑧))
62, 4, 5mpsyl 65 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑧 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝑧) → 𝑦𝑧)
71, 6jca 552 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑧 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝑧) → (𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝑧))
8 domtr 7872 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑦𝑧𝑧𝐴) → 𝑦𝐴)
98anim2i 590 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ (𝑦𝑧𝑧𝐴)) → (𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴))
109anassrs 677 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝑧) ∧ 𝑧𝐴) → (𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴))
117, 10sylan 486 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑧 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝑧) ∧ 𝑧𝐴) → (𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴))
1211exp31 627 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑧 ∈ On → (𝑦𝑧 → (𝑧𝐴 → (𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴))))
1312com12 32 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦𝑧 → (𝑧 ∈ On → (𝑧𝐴 → (𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴))))
1413impd 445 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦𝑧 → ((𝑧 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧𝐴) → (𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴)))
15 breq1 4580 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → (𝑥𝐴𝑧𝐴))
1615elrab 3330 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ↔ (𝑧 ∈ On ∧ 𝑧𝐴))
17 breq1 4580 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴))
1817elrab 3330 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ↔ (𝑦 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴))
1914, 16, 183imtr4g 283 . . . . . 6 (𝑦𝑧 → (𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} → 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}))
2019imp 443 . . . . 5 ((𝑦𝑧𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}) → 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴})
2120gen2 1713 . . . 4 𝑦𝑧((𝑦𝑧𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}) → 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴})
22 dftr2 4676 . . . 4 (Tr {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ↔ ∀𝑦𝑧((𝑦𝑧𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}) → 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}))
2321, 22mpbir 219 . . 3 Tr {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}
24 ssrab2 3649 . . 3 {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ⊆ On
25 ordon 6851 . . 3 Ord On
26 trssord 5643 . . 3 ((Tr {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ∧ {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ⊆ On ∧ Ord On) → Ord {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴})
2723, 24, 25, 26mp3an 1415 . 2 Ord {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}
28 eqid 2609 . . . 4 {⟨𝑟, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (((dom 𝑟𝐴 ∧ ( I ↾ dom 𝑟) ⊆ 𝑟𝑟 ⊆ (dom 𝑟 × dom 𝑟)) ∧ (𝑟 ∖ I ) We dom 𝑟) ∧ 𝑦 = dom OrdIso((𝑟 ∖ I ), dom 𝑟))} = {⟨𝑟, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (((dom 𝑟𝐴 ∧ ( I ↾ dom 𝑟) ⊆ 𝑟𝑟 ⊆ (dom 𝑟 × dom 𝑟)) ∧ (𝑟 ∖ I ) We dom 𝑟) ∧ 𝑦 = dom OrdIso((𝑟 ∖ I ), dom 𝑟))}
29 eqid 2609 . . . 4 {⟨𝑠, 𝑡⟩ ∣ ∃𝑤𝑦𝑧𝑦 ((𝑠 = (𝑔𝑤) ∧ 𝑡 = (𝑔𝑧)) ∧ 𝑤 E 𝑧)} = {⟨𝑠, 𝑡⟩ ∣ ∃𝑤𝑦𝑧𝑦 ((𝑠 = (𝑔𝑤) ∧ 𝑡 = (𝑔𝑧)) ∧ 𝑤 E 𝑧)}
3028, 29hartogslem2 8308 . . 3 (𝐴𝑉 → {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ∈ V)
31 elong 5634 . . 3 ({𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ∈ V → ({𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ∈ On ↔ Ord {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}))
3230, 31syl 17 . 2 (𝐴𝑉 → ({𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ∈ On ↔ Ord {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴}))
3327, 32mpbiri 246 1 (𝐴𝑉 → {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝑥𝐴} ∈ On)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 194  wa 382  w3a 1030  wal 1472   = wceq 1474  wcel 1976  wrex 2896  {crab 2899  Vcvv 3172  cdif 3536  wss 3539   class class class wbr 4577  {copab 4636  Tr wtr 4674   E cep 4937   I cid 4938   We wwe 4986   × cxp 5026  dom cdm 5028  cres 5030  Ord word 5625  Oncon0 5626  cfv 5790  cdom 7816  OrdIsocoi 8274
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1712  ax-4 1727  ax-5 1826  ax-6 1874  ax-7 1921  ax-8 1978  ax-9 1985  ax-10 2005  ax-11 2020  ax-12 2033  ax-13 2233  ax-ext 2589  ax-rep 4693  ax-sep 4703  ax-nul 4712  ax-pow 4764  ax-pr 4828  ax-un 6824
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 195  df-or 383  df-an 384  df-3or 1031  df-3an 1032  df-tru 1477  df-ex 1695  df-nf 1700  df-sb 1867  df-eu 2461  df-mo 2462  df-clab 2596  df-cleq 2602  df-clel 2605  df-nfc 2739  df-ne 2781  df-ral 2900  df-rex 2901  df-reu 2902  df-rmo 2903  df-rab 2904  df-v 3174  df-sbc 3402  df-csb 3499  df-dif 3542  df-un 3544  df-in 3546  df-ss 3553  df-pss 3555  df-nul 3874  df-if 4036  df-pw 4109  df-sn 4125  df-pr 4127  df-tp 4129  df-op 4131  df-uni 4367  df-iun 4451  df-br 4578  df-opab 4638  df-mpt 4639  df-tr 4675  df-eprel 4939  df-id 4943  df-po 4949  df-so 4950  df-fr 4987  df-se 4988  df-we 4989  df-xp 5034  df-rel 5035  df-cnv 5036  df-co 5037  df-dm 5038  df-rn 5039  df-res 5040  df-ima 5041  df-pred 5583  df-ord 5629  df-on 5630  df-lim 5631  df-suc 5632  df-iota 5754  df-fun 5792  df-fn 5793  df-f 5794  df-f1 5795  df-fo 5796  df-f1o 5797  df-fv 5798  df-isom 5799  df-riota 6489  df-wrecs 7271  df-recs 7332  df-en 7819  df-dom 7820  df-oi 8275
This theorem is referenced by:  card2on  8319  harf  8325  harval  8327
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