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Theorem fwddifnval 31440
 Description: The value of the forward difference operator at a point. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 28-May-2020.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
fwddifnval.1 (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
fwddifnval.2 (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℂ)
fwddifnval.3 (𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ)
fwddifnval.4 (𝜑𝑋 ∈ ℂ)
fwddifnval.5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → (𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ 𝐴)
Assertion
Ref Expression
fwddifnval (𝜑 → ((𝑁n 𝐹)‘𝑋) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑘,𝑁   𝐴,𝑘   𝑘,𝑋   𝑘,𝐹   𝜑,𝑘

Proof of Theorem fwddifnval
Dummy variables 𝑛 𝑓 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 df-fwddifn 31438 . . . 4 n = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0, 𝑓 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ) ↦ (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))))
21a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → △n = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0, 𝑓 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ) ↦ (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))))))
3 oveq2 6557 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (0...𝑛) = (0...𝑁))
43adantr 480 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → (0...𝑛) = (0...𝑁))
5 dmeq 5246 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → dom 𝑓 = dom 𝐹)
65eleq2d 2673 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → ((𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓 ↔ (𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
76adantl 481 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → ((𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓 ↔ (𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
84, 7raleqbidv 3129 . . . . . 6 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → (∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓 ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
98rabbidv 3164 . . . . 5 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} = {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹})
10 oveq1 6556 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (𝑛C𝑘) = (𝑁C𝑘))
1110adantr 480 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → (𝑛C𝑘) = (𝑁C𝑘))
12 oveq1 6556 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (𝑛𝑘) = (𝑁𝑘))
1312oveq2d 6565 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) = (-1↑(𝑁𝑘)))
14 fveq1 6102 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)) = (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))
1513, 14oveqan12d 6568 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))) = ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))
1611, 15oveq12d 6567 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → ((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = ((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))))
1716adantr 480 . . . . . 6 (((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)) → ((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = ((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))))
184, 17sumeq12dv 14284 . . . . 5 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))))
199, 18mpteq12dv 4663 . . . 4 ((𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹) → (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))) = (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))))
2019adantl 481 . . 3 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 = 𝑁𝑓 = 𝐹)) → (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝑓} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑛)((𝑛C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑛𝑘)) · (𝑓‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))) = (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))))
21 fwddifnval.1 . . 3 (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
22 fwddifnval.3 . . . 4 (𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ)
23 fwddifnval.2 . . . 4 (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℂ)
24 cnex 9896 . . . . 5 ℂ ∈ V
25 elpm2r 7761 . . . . 5 (((ℂ ∈ V ∧ ℂ ∈ V) ∧ (𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ ℂ)) → 𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ))
2624, 24, 25mpanl12 714 . . . 4 ((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ ℂ) → 𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ))
2722, 23, 26syl2anc 691 . . 3 (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℂ))
2824mptrabex 6392 . . . 4 (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))) ∈ V
2928a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))) ∈ V)
302, 20, 21, 27, 29ovmpt2d 6686 . 2 (𝜑 → (𝑁n 𝐹) = (𝑥 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))))))
31 oveq1 6556 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → (𝑥 + 𝑘) = (𝑋 + 𝑘))
3231fveq2d 6107 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)) = (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))
3332oveq2d 6565 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘))) = ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘))))
3433oveq2d 6565 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → ((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = ((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
3534sumeq2sdv 14282 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑋 → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
3635adantl 481 . 2 ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝑋) → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 𝑘)))) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
37 fwddifnval.4 . . 3 (𝜑𝑋 ∈ ℂ)
38 fwddifnval.5 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → (𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ 𝐴)
39 fdm 5964 . . . . . . 7 (𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
4022, 39syl 17 . . . . . 6 (𝜑 → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
4140adantr 480 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
4238, 41eleqtrrd 2691 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → (𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹)
4342ralrimiva 2949 . . 3 (𝜑 → ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹)
44 oveq1 6556 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑋 → (𝑦 + 𝑘) = (𝑋 + 𝑘))
4544eleq1d 2672 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = 𝑋 → ((𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹 ↔ (𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
4645ralbidv 2969 . . . 4 (𝑦 = 𝑋 → (∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹 ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
4746elrab 3331 . . 3 (𝑋 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹} ↔ (𝑋 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑋 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹))
4837, 43, 47sylanbrc 695 . 2 (𝜑𝑋 ∈ {𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑦 + 𝑘) ∈ dom 𝐹})
49 sumex 14266 . . 3 Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))) ∈ V
5049a1i 11 . 2 (𝜑 → Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))) ∈ V)
5130, 36, 48, 50fvmptd 6197 1 (𝜑 → ((𝑁n 𝐹)‘𝑋) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑁)((𝑁C𝑘) · ((-1↑(𝑁𝑘)) · (𝐹‘(𝑋 + 𝑘)))))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 195   ∧ wa 383   = wceq 1475   ∈ wcel 1977  ∀wral 2896  {crab 2900  Vcvv 3173   ⊆ wss 3540   ↦ cmpt 4643  dom cdm 5038  ⟶wf 5800  ‘cfv 5804  (class class class)co 6549   ↦ cmpt2 6551   ↑pm cpm 7745  ℂcc 9813  0cc0 9815  1c1 9816   + caddc 9818   · cmul 9820   − cmin 10145  -cneg 10146  ℕ0cn0 11169  ...cfz 12197  ↑cexp 12722  Ccbc 12951  Σcsu 14264   △n cfwddifn 31437 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986  ax-10 2006  ax-11 2021  ax-12 2034  ax-13 2234  ax-ext 2590  ax-rep 4699  ax-sep 4709  ax-nul 4717  ax-pow 4769  ax-pr 4833  ax-un 6847  ax-cnex 9871  ax-resscn 9872  ax-1cn 9873  ax-icn 9874  ax-addcl 9875  ax-addrcl 9876  ax-mulcl 9877  ax-mulrcl 9878  ax-mulcom 9879  ax-addass 9880  ax-mulass 9881  ax-distr 9882  ax-i2m1 9883  ax-1ne0 9884  ax-1rid 9885  ax-rnegex 9886  ax-rrecex 9887  ax-cnre 9888  ax-pre-lttri 9889  ax-pre-lttrn 9890  ax-pre-ltadd 9891  ax-pre-mulgt0 9892 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1032  df-3an 1033  df-tru 1478  df-fal 1481  df-ex 1696  df-nf 1701  df-sb 1868  df-eu 2462  df-mo 2463  df-clab 2597  df-cleq 2603  df-clel 2606  df-nfc 2740  df-ne 2782  df-nel 2783  df-ral 2901  df-rex 2902  df-reu 2903  df-rab 2905  df-v 3175  df-sbc 3403  df-csb 3500  df-dif 3543  df-un 3545  df-in 3547  df-ss 3554  df-pss 3556  df-nul 3875  df-if 4037  df-pw 4110  df-sn 4126  df-pr 4128  df-tp 4130  df-op 4132  df-uni 4373  df-iun 4457  df-br 4584  df-opab 4644  df-mpt 4645  df-tr 4681  df-eprel 4949  df-id 4953  df-po 4959  df-so 4960  df-fr 4997  df-we 4999  df-xp 5044  df-rel 5045  df-cnv 5046  df-co 5047  df-dm 5048  df-rn 5049  df-res 5050  df-ima 5051  df-pred 5597  df-ord 5643  df-on 5644  df-lim 5645  df-suc 5646  df-iota 5768  df-fun 5806  df-fn 5807  df-f 5808  df-f1 5809  df-fo 5810  df-f1o 5811  df-fv 5812  df-riota 6511  df-ov 6552  df-oprab 6553  df-mpt2 6554  df-om 6958  df-1st 7059  df-2nd 7060  df-wrecs 7294  df-recs 7355  df-rdg 7393  df-er 7629  df-pm 7747  df-en 7842  df-dom 7843  df-sdom 7844  df-pnf 9955  df-mnf 9956  df-xr 9957  df-ltxr 9958  df-le 9959  df-sub 10147  df-neg 10148  df-nn 10898  df-n0 11170  df-z 11255  df-uz 11564  df-fz 12198  df-seq 12664  df-sum 14265  df-fwddifn 31438 This theorem is referenced by:  fwddifn0  31441  fwddifnp1  31442
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