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Theorem elunop2 28256
 Description: An operator is unitary iff it is linear, onto, and idempotent in the norm. Similar to theorem in [AkhiezerGlazman] p. 73, and its converse. (Contributed by NM, 24-Feb-2006.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
elunop2 (𝑇 ∈ UniOp ↔ (𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑇

Proof of Theorem elunop2
Dummy variable 𝑦 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 unoplin 28163 . . 3 (𝑇 ∈ UniOp → 𝑇 ∈ LinOp)
2 elunop 28115 . . . 4 (𝑇 ∈ UniOp ↔ (𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ ((𝑇𝑥) ·ih (𝑇𝑦)) = (𝑥 ·ih 𝑦)))
32simplbi 475 . . 3 (𝑇 ∈ UniOp → 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ)
4 unopnorm 28160 . . . 4 ((𝑇 ∈ UniOp ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℋ) → (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥))
54ralrimiva 2949 . . 3 (𝑇 ∈ UniOp → ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥))
61, 3, 53jca 1235 . 2 (𝑇 ∈ UniOp → (𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)))
7 eleq1 2676 . . 3 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (𝑇 ∈ UniOp ↔ if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) ∈ UniOp))
8 eleq1 2676 . . . . . . 7 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (𝑇 ∈ LinOp ↔ if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) ∈ LinOp))
9 foeq1 6024 . . . . . . 7 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ↔ if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)): ℋ–onto→ ℋ))
10 fveq2 6103 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑇𝑥) = (𝑇𝑦))
1110fveq2d 6107 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm‘(𝑇𝑦)))
12 fveq2 6103 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (norm𝑥) = (norm𝑦))
1311, 12eqeq12d 2625 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ((norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥) ↔ (norm‘(𝑇𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)))
1413cbvralv 3147 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑦)) = (norm𝑦))
15 fveq1 6102 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (𝑇𝑦) = (if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦))
1615fveq2d 6107 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (norm‘(𝑇𝑦)) = (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)))
1716eqeq1d 2612 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → ((norm‘(𝑇𝑦)) = (norm𝑦) ↔ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)))
1817ralbidv 2969 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑦)) = (norm𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)))
1914, 18syl5bb 271 . . . . . . 7 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)))
208, 9, 193anbi123d 1391 . . . . . 6 (𝑇 = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → ((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)) ↔ (if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) ∈ LinOp ∧ if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)): ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦))))
21 eleq1 2676 . . . . . . 7 (( I ↾ ℋ) = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (( I ↾ ℋ) ∈ LinOp ↔ if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) ∈ LinOp))
22 foeq1 6024 . . . . . . 7 (( I ↾ ℋ) = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (( I ↾ ℋ): ℋ–onto→ ℋ ↔ if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)): ℋ–onto→ ℋ))
23 fveq1 6102 . . . . . . . . . 10 (( I ↾ ℋ) = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦) = (if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦))
2423fveq2d 6107 . . . . . . . . 9 (( I ↾ ℋ) = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (norm‘(( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦)) = (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)))
2524eqeq1d 2612 . . . . . . . 8 (( I ↾ ℋ) = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → ((norm‘(( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦) ↔ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)))
2625ralbidv 2969 . . . . . . 7 (( I ↾ ℋ) = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → (∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)))
2721, 22, 263anbi123d 1391 . . . . . 6 (( I ↾ ℋ) = if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) → ((( I ↾ ℋ) ∈ LinOp ∧ ( I ↾ ℋ): ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)) ↔ (if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) ∈ LinOp ∧ if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)): ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦))))
28 idlnop 28235 . . . . . . 7 ( I ↾ ℋ) ∈ LinOp
29 f1oi 6086 . . . . . . . 8 ( I ↾ ℋ): ℋ–1-1-onto→ ℋ
30 f1ofo 6057 . . . . . . . 8 (( I ↾ ℋ): ℋ–1-1-onto→ ℋ → ( I ↾ ℋ): ℋ–onto→ ℋ)
3129, 30ax-mp 5 . . . . . . 7 ( I ↾ ℋ): ℋ–onto→ ℋ
32 fvresi 6344 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 ∈ ℋ → (( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦) = 𝑦)
3332fveq2d 6107 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 ∈ ℋ → (norm‘(( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦))
3433rgen 2906 . . . . . . 7 𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)
3528, 31, 343pm3.2i 1232 . . . . . 6 (( I ↾ ℋ) ∈ LinOp ∧ ( I ↾ ℋ): ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(( I ↾ ℋ)‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦))
3620, 27, 35elimhyp 4096 . . . . 5 (if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) ∈ LinOp ∧ if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)): ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦))
3736simp1i 1063 . . . 4 if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) ∈ LinOp
3836simp2i 1064 . . . 4 if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)): ℋ–onto→ ℋ
3936simp3i 1065 . . . 4 𝑦 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ))‘𝑦)) = (norm𝑦)
4037, 38, 39lnopunii 28255 . . 3 if((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)), 𝑇, ( I ↾ ℋ)) ∈ UniOp
417, 40dedth 4089 . 2 ((𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)) → 𝑇 ∈ UniOp)
426, 41impbii 198 1 (𝑇 ∈ UniOp ↔ (𝑇 ∈ LinOp ∧ 𝑇: ℋ–onto→ ℋ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℋ (norm‘(𝑇𝑥)) = (norm𝑥)))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   ↔ wb 195   ∧ w3a 1031   = wceq 1475   ∈ wcel 1977  ∀wral 2896  ifcif 4036   I cid 4948   ↾ cres 5040  –onto→wfo 5802  –1-1-onto→wf1o 5803  ‘cfv 5804  (class class class)co 6549   ℋchil 27160   ·ih csp 27163  normℎcno 27164  LinOpclo 27188  UniOpcuo 27190 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986  ax-10 2006  ax-11 2021  ax-12 2034  ax-13 2234  ax-ext 2590  ax-rep 4699  ax-sep 4709  ax-nul 4717  ax-pow 4769  ax-pr 4833  ax-un 6847  ax-cnex 9871  ax-resscn 9872  ax-1cn 9873  ax-icn 9874  ax-addcl 9875  ax-addrcl 9876  ax-mulcl 9877  ax-mulrcl 9878  ax-mulcom 9879  ax-addass 9880  ax-mulass 9881  ax-distr 9882  ax-i2m1 9883  ax-1ne0 9884  ax-1rid 9885  ax-rnegex 9886  ax-rrecex 9887  ax-cnre 9888  ax-pre-lttri 9889  ax-pre-lttrn 9890  ax-pre-ltadd 9891  ax-pre-mulgt0 9892  ax-pre-sup 9893  ax-hilex 27240  ax-hfvadd 27241  ax-hvcom 27242  ax-hvass 27243  ax-hv0cl 27244  ax-hvaddid 27245  ax-hfvmul 27246  ax-hvmulid 27247  ax-hvdistr2 27250  ax-hvmul0 27251  ax-hfi 27320  ax-his1 27323  ax-his2 27324  ax-his3 27325  ax-his4 27326 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1032  df-3an 1033  df-tru 1478  df-ex 1696  df-nf 1701  df-sb 1868  df-eu 2462  df-mo 2463  df-clab 2597  df-cleq 2603  df-clel 2606  df-nfc 2740  df-ne 2782  df-nel 2783  df-ral 2901  df-rex 2902  df-reu 2903  df-rmo 2904  df-rab 2905  df-v 3175  df-sbc 3403  df-csb 3500  df-dif 3543  df-un 3545  df-in 3547  df-ss 3554  df-pss 3556  df-nul 3875  df-if 4037  df-pw 4110  df-sn 4126  df-pr 4128  df-tp 4130  df-op 4132  df-uni 4373  df-iun 4457  df-br 4584  df-opab 4644  df-mpt 4645  df-tr 4681  df-eprel 4949  df-id 4953  df-po 4959  df-so 4960  df-fr 4997  df-we 4999  df-xp 5044  df-rel 5045  df-cnv 5046  df-co 5047  df-dm 5048  df-rn 5049  df-res 5050  df-ima 5051  df-pred 5597  df-ord 5643  df-on 5644  df-lim 5645  df-suc 5646  df-iota 5768  df-fun 5806  df-fn 5807  df-f 5808  df-f1 5809  df-fo 5810  df-f1o 5811  df-fv 5812  df-riota 6511  df-ov 6552  df-oprab 6553  df-mpt2 6554  df-om 6958  df-2nd 7060  df-wrecs 7294  df-recs 7355  df-rdg 7393  df-er 7629  df-map 7746  df-en 7842  df-dom 7843  df-sdom 7844  df-sup 8231  df-pnf 9955  df-mnf 9956  df-xr 9957  df-ltxr 9958  df-le 9959  df-sub 10147  df-neg 10148  df-div 10564  df-nn 10898  df-2 10956  df-3 10957  df-n0 11170  df-z 11255  df-uz 11564  df-rp 11709  df-seq 12664  df-exp 12723  df-cj 13687  df-re 13688  df-im 13689  df-sqrt 13823  df-hnorm 27209  df-hvsub 27212  df-lnop 28084  df-unop 28086 This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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