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Theorem ax12wdemo 1999
 Description: Example of an application of ax12w 1997 that results in an instance of ax-12 2034 for a contrived formula with mixed free and bound variables, (𝑥 ∈ 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑧 ∈ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦∀𝑧𝑦 ∈ 𝑥), in place of 𝜑. The proof illustrates bound variable renaming with cbvalvw 1956 to obtain fresh variables to avoid distinct variable clashes. Uses only Tarski's FOL axiom schemes. (Contributed by NM, 14-Apr-2017.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ax12wdemo (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑦(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥) → ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥))))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧

Proof of Theorem ax12wdemo
Dummy variables 𝑤 𝑣 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 elequ1 1984 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑥𝑦𝑦𝑦))
2 elequ2 1991 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑤 → (𝑧𝑥𝑧𝑤))
32cbvalvw 1956 . . . 4 (∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑤 𝑧𝑤)
43a1i 11 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑤 𝑧𝑤))
5 elequ1 1984 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑣 → (𝑦𝑥𝑣𝑥))
65albidv 1836 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = 𝑣 → (∀𝑧 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑧 𝑣𝑥))
76cbvalvw 1956 . . . 4 (∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑣𝑧 𝑣𝑥)
8 elequ2 1991 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑣𝑥𝑣𝑦))
98albidv 1836 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑧 𝑣𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑧 𝑣𝑦))
109albidv 1836 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑣𝑧 𝑣𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑣𝑧 𝑣𝑦))
117, 10syl5bb 271 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑣𝑧 𝑣𝑦))
121, 4, 113anbi123d 1391 . 2 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ((𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥) ↔ (𝑦𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑤 𝑧𝑤 ∧ ∀𝑣𝑧 𝑣𝑦)))
13 elequ2 1991 . . 3 (𝑦 = 𝑣 → (𝑥𝑦𝑥𝑣))
147a1i 11 . . 3 (𝑦 = 𝑣 → (∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑣𝑧 𝑣𝑥))
1513, 143anbi13d 1393 . 2 (𝑦 = 𝑣 → ((𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥) ↔ (𝑥𝑣 ∧ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑣𝑧 𝑣𝑥)))
1612, 15ax12w 1997 1 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑦(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥) → ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑥 𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝑦𝑥))))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 195   ∧ w3a 1031  ∀wal 1473 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1713  ax-4 1728  ax-5 1827  ax-6 1875  ax-7 1922  ax-8 1979  ax-9 1986 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 196  df-an 385  df-3an 1033  df-ex 1696 This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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