MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  wilthlem1 Structured version   Unicode version

Theorem wilthlem1 23070
Description: The only elements that are equal to their own inverses in the multiplicative group of nonzero elements in  ZZ 
/  P ZZ are  1 and  -u 1  ==  P  -  1. (Note that from prmdiveq 14171,  ( N ^ ( P  - 
2 ) )  mod 
P is the modular inverse of  N in  ZZ  /  P ZZ. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jan-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
wilthlem1  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  =  ( ( N ^ ( P  - 
2 ) )  mod 
P )  <->  ( N  =  1  \/  N  =  ( P  - 
1 ) ) ) )

Proof of Theorem wilthlem1
StepHypRef Expression
1 elfzelz 11684 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  ->  N  e.  ZZ )
21adantl 466 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  ZZ )
3 peano2zm 10902 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( N  e.  ZZ  ->  ( N  -  1 )  e.  ZZ )
42, 3syl 16 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  -  1 )  e.  ZZ )
54zcnd 10963 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  -  1 )  e.  CC )
62peano2zd 10965 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  ZZ )
76zcnd 10963 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  CC )
85, 7mulcomd 9613 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  x.  ( N  -  1 ) ) )
92zcnd 10963 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  CC )
10 ax-1cn 9546 . . . . . . 7  |-  1  e.  CC
11 subsq 12239 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( N  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( N ^
2 )  -  (
1 ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  x.  ( N  - 
1 ) ) )
129, 10, 11sylancl 662 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 1 ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  x.  ( N  -  1 ) ) )
139sqvald 12271 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N ^ 2 )  =  ( N  x.  N
) )
14 sq1 12226 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( 1 ^ 2 )  =  1
1514a1i 11 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
1 ^ 2 )  =  1 )
1613, 15oveq12d 6300 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 1 ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N  x.  N )  - 
1 ) )
178, 12, 163eqtr2d 2514 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  x.  N )  - 
1 ) )
1817breq2d 4459 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( ( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  <->  P  ||  (
( N  x.  N
)  -  1 ) ) )
19 1e0p1 11000 . . . . . . . 8  |-  1  =  ( 0  +  1 )
2019oveq1i 6292 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( 1 ... ( P  - 
1 ) )  =  ( ( 0  +  1 ) ... ( P  -  1 ) )
21 0z 10871 . . . . . . . 8  |-  0  e.  ZZ
22 fzp1ss 11727 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( 0  e.  ZZ  ->  (
( 0  +  1 ) ... ( P  -  1 ) ) 
C_  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )
2321, 22ax-mp 5 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( 0  +  1 ) ... ( P  - 
1 ) )  C_  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )
2420, 23eqsstri 3534 . . . . . 6  |-  ( 1 ... ( P  - 
1 ) )  C_  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )
25 simpr 461 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )
2624, 25sseldi 3502 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )
2726biantrurd 508 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( ( N  x.  N )  - 
1 )  <->  ( N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  /\  P  ||  ( ( N  x.  N )  -  1 ) ) ) )
2818, 27bitrd 253 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( ( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  <->  ( N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  /\  P  ||  ( ( N  x.  N )  -  1 ) ) ) )
29 simpl 457 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  Prime )
30 euclemma 14104 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  ( N  -  1 )  e.  ZZ  /\  ( N  +  1 )  e.  ZZ )  -> 
( P  ||  (
( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  <-> 
( P  ||  ( N  -  1 )  \/  P  ||  ( N  +  1 ) ) ) )
3129, 4, 6, 30syl3anc 1228 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( ( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  <->  ( P  ||  ( N  -  1 )  \/  P  ||  ( N  +  1
) ) ) )
32 prmnn 14075 . . . . 5  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  NN )
33 fzm1ndvds 13893 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  - 
1 ) ) )  ->  -.  P  ||  N
)
3432, 33sylan 471 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  -.  P  ||  N )
35 eqid 2467 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( N ^ ( P  -  2 ) )  mod  P )  =  ( ( N ^
( P  -  2 ) )  mod  P
)
3635prmdiveq 14171 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ  /\  -.  P  ||  N )  ->  (
( N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  /\  P  ||  (
( N  x.  N
)  -  1 ) )  <->  N  =  (
( N ^ ( P  -  2 ) )  mod  P ) ) )
3729, 2, 34, 36syl3anc 1228 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  /\  P  ||  (
( N  x.  N
)  -  1 ) )  <->  N  =  (
( N ^ ( P  -  2 ) )  mod  P ) ) )
3828, 31, 373bitr3rd 284 . 2  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  =  ( ( N ^ ( P  - 
2 ) )  mod 
P )  <->  ( P  ||  ( N  -  1 )  \/  P  ||  ( N  +  1
) ) ) )
3929, 32syl 16 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  NN )
40 1zzd 10891 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  1  e.  ZZ )
41 moddvds 13850 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  ZZ  /\  1  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( 1  mod  P )  <->  P  ||  ( N  -  1 ) ) )
4239, 2, 40, 41syl3anc 1228 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( 1  mod  P )  <->  P  ||  ( N  -  1 ) ) )
43 elfznn 11710 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  ->  N  e.  NN )
4443adantl 466 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  NN )
4544nnred 10547 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  RR )
4639nnrpd 11251 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  RR+ )
4744nnnn0d 10848 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  NN0 )
4847nn0ge0d 10851 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  0  <_  N )
49 elfzle2 11686 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  ->  N  <_  ( P  -  1 ) )
5049adantl 466 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  <_  ( P  -  1 ) )
51 prmz 14076 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  ZZ )
52 zltlem1 10911 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( N  e.  ZZ  /\  P  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( N  <  P  <->  N  <_  ( P  - 
1 ) ) )
531, 51, 52syl2anr 478 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  <  P  <->  N  <_  ( P  -  1 ) ) )
5450, 53mpbird 232 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  <  P )
55 modid 11984 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( N  e.  RR  /\  P  e.  RR+ )  /\  ( 0  <_  N  /\  N  <  P ) )  ->  ( N  mod  P )  =  N )
5645, 46, 48, 54, 55syl22anc 1229 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  mod  P )  =  N )
5739nnred 10547 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  RR )
58 prmuz2 14090 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)
5929, 58syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)
60 eluz2b2 11150 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  <->  ( P  e.  NN  /\  1  < 
P ) )
6160simprbi 464 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  1  <  P )
6259, 61syl 16 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  1  <  P )
63 1mod 11992 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  RR  /\  1  <  P )  -> 
( 1  mod  P
)  =  1 )
6457, 62, 63syl2anc 661 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
1  mod  P )  =  1 )
6556, 64eqeq12d 2489 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( 1  mod  P )  <->  N  = 
1 ) )
6642, 65bitr3d 255 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( N  - 
1 )  <->  N  = 
1 ) )
6740znegcld 10964 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  -u 1  e.  ZZ )
68 moddvds 13850 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  ZZ  /\  -u 1  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( -u
1  mod  P )  <->  P 
||  ( N  -  -u 1 ) ) )
6939, 2, 67, 68syl3anc 1228 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( -u
1  mod  P )  <->  P 
||  ( N  -  -u 1 ) ) )
7039nncnd 10548 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  CC )
7170mulid2d 9610 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
1  x.  P )  =  P )
7271oveq2d 6298 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  =  ( -u 1  +  P ) )
73 neg1cn 10635 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  -u 1  e.  CC
74 addcom 9761 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( (
-u 1  e.  CC  /\  P  e.  CC )  ->  ( -u 1  +  P )  =  ( P  +  -u 1
) )
7573, 70, 74sylancr 663 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( -u 1  +  P )  =  ( P  +  -u 1 ) )
76 negsub 9863 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( P  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( P  +  -u
1 )  =  ( P  -  1 ) )
7770, 10, 76sylancl 662 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  +  -u 1 )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
7872, 75, 773eqtrd 2512 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
7978oveq1d 6297 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  mod  P )  =  ( ( P  -  1 )  mod 
P ) )
80 neg1rr 10636 . . . . . . . 8  |-  -u 1  e.  RR
8180a1i 11 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  -u 1  e.  RR )
82 modcyc 11995 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
-u 1  e.  RR  /\  P  e.  RR+  /\  1  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  mod  P )  =  ( -u 1  mod  P ) )
8381, 46, 40, 82syl3anc 1228 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  mod  P )  =  ( -u 1  mod  P ) )
84 peano2rem 9882 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  RR  ->  ( P  -  1 )  e.  RR )
8557, 84syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  -  1 )  e.  RR )
86 nnm1nn0 10833 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( P  e.  NN  ->  ( P  -  1 )  e.  NN0 )
8739, 86syl 16 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  -  1 )  e.  NN0 )
8887nn0ge0d 10851 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  0  <_  ( P  -  1 ) )
8957ltm1d 10474 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  -  1 )  <  P )
90 modid 11984 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( ( P  - 
1 )  e.  RR  /\  P  e.  RR+ )  /\  ( 0  <_  ( P  -  1 )  /\  ( P  - 
1 )  <  P
) )  ->  (
( P  -  1 )  mod  P )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
9185, 46, 88, 89, 90syl22anc 1229 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( P  -  1 )  mod  P )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
9279, 83, 913eqtr3d 2516 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( -u 1  mod  P )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
9356, 92eqeq12d 2489 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( -u
1  mod  P )  <->  N  =  ( P  - 
1 ) ) )
94 subneg 9864 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( N  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( N  -  -u 1
)  =  ( N  +  1 ) )
959, 10, 94sylancl 662 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  -  -u 1 )  =  ( N  + 
1 ) )
9695breq2d 4459 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( N  -  -u 1 )  <->  P  ||  ( N  +  1 ) ) )
9769, 93, 963bitr3rd 284 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( N  + 
1 )  <->  N  =  ( P  -  1
) ) )
9866, 97orbi12d 709 . 2  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( P  ||  ( N  -  1 )  \/  P  ||  ( N  +  1 ) )  <->  ( N  =  1  \/  N  =  ( P  -  1 ) ) ) )
9938, 98bitrd 253 1  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  =  ( ( N ^ ( P  - 
2 ) )  mod 
P )  <->  ( N  =  1  \/  N  =  ( P  - 
1 ) ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    <-> wb 184    \/ wo 368    /\ wa 369    = wceq 1379    e. wcel 1767    C_ wss 3476   class class class wbr 4447   ` cfv 5586  (class class class)co 6282   CCcc 9486   RRcr 9487   0cc0 9488   1c1 9489    + caddc 9491    x. cmul 9493    < clt 9624    <_ cle 9625    - cmin 9801   -ucneg 9802   NNcn 10532   2c2 10581   NN0cn0 10791   ZZcz 10860   ZZ>=cuz 11078   RR+crp 11216   ...cfz 11668    mod cmo 11960   ^cexp 12130    || cdivides 13843   Primecprime 14072
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1601  ax-4 1612  ax-5 1680  ax-6 1719  ax-7 1739  ax-8 1769  ax-9 1771  ax-10 1786  ax-11 1791  ax-12 1803  ax-13 1968  ax-ext 2445  ax-rep 4558  ax-sep 4568  ax-nul 4576  ax-pow 4625  ax-pr 4686  ax-un 6574  ax-cnex 9544  ax-resscn 9545  ax-1cn 9546  ax-icn 9547  ax-addcl 9548  ax-addrcl 9549  ax-mulcl 9550  ax-mulrcl 9551  ax-mulcom 9552  ax-addass 9553  ax-mulass 9554  ax-distr 9555  ax-i2m1 9556  ax-1ne0 9557  ax-1rid 9558  ax-rnegex 9559  ax-rrecex 9560  ax-cnre 9561  ax-pre-lttri 9562  ax-pre-lttrn 9563  ax-pre-ltadd 9564  ax-pre-mulgt0 9565  ax-pre-sup 9566
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 185  df-or 370  df-an 371  df-3or 974  df-3an 975  df-tru 1382  df-ex 1597  df-nf 1600  df-sb 1712  df-eu 2279  df-mo 2280  df-clab 2453  df-cleq 2459  df-clel 2462  df-nfc 2617  df-ne 2664  df-nel 2665  df-ral 2819  df-rex 2820  df-reu 2821  df-rmo 2822  df-rab 2823  df-v 3115  df-sbc 3332  df-csb 3436  df-dif 3479  df-un 3481  df-in 3483  df-ss 3490  df-pss 3492  df-nul 3786  df-if 3940  df-pw 4012  df-sn 4028  df-pr 4030  df-tp 4032  df-op 4034  df-uni 4246  df-int 4283  df-iun 4327  df-br 4448  df-opab 4506  df-mpt 4507  df-tr 4541  df-eprel 4791  df-id 4795  df-po 4800  df-so 4801  df-fr 4838  df-we 4840  df-ord 4881  df-on 4882  df-lim 4883  df-suc 4884  df-xp 5005  df-rel 5006  df-cnv 5007  df-co 5008  df-dm 5009  df-rn 5010  df-res 5011  df-ima 5012  df-iota 5549  df-fun 5588  df-fn 5589  df-f 5590  df-f1 5591  df-fo 5592  df-f1o 5593  df-fv 5594  df-riota 6243  df-ov 6285  df-oprab 6286  df-mpt2 6287  df-om 6679  df-1st 6781  df-2nd 6782  df-recs 7039  df-rdg 7073  df-1o 7127  df-2o 7128  df-oadd 7131  df-er 7308  df-map 7419  df-en 7514  df-dom 7515  df-sdom 7516  df-fin 7517  df-sup 7897  df-card 8316  df-cda 8544  df-pnf 9626  df-mnf 9627  df-xr 9628  df-ltxr 9629  df-le 9630  df-sub 9803  df-neg 9804  df-div 10203  df-nn 10533  df-2 10590  df-3 10591  df-n0 10792  df-z 10861  df-uz 11079  df-rp 11217  df-fz 11669  df-fzo 11789  df-fl 11893  df-mod 11961  df-seq 12072  df-exp 12131  df-hash 12370  df-cj 12891  df-re 12892  df-im 12893  df-sqrt 13027  df-abs 13028  df-dvds 13844  df-gcd 14000  df-prm 14073  df-phi 14151
This theorem is referenced by:  wilthlem2  23071
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator