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Theorem wilthlem1 24072
Description: The only elements that are equal to their own inverses in the multiplicative group of nonzero elements in  ZZ 
/  P ZZ are  1 and  -u 1  ==  P  -  1. (Note that from prmdiveq 14813,  ( N ^ ( P  - 
2 ) )  mod 
P is the modular inverse of  N in  ZZ  /  P ZZ. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jan-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
wilthlem1  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  =  ( ( N ^ ( P  - 
2 ) )  mod 
P )  <->  ( N  =  1  \/  N  =  ( P  - 
1 ) ) ) )

Proof of Theorem wilthlem1
StepHypRef Expression
1 elfzelz 11826 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  ->  N  e.  ZZ )
21adantl 473 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  ZZ )
3 peano2zm 11004 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( N  e.  ZZ  ->  ( N  -  1 )  e.  ZZ )
42, 3syl 17 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  -  1 )  e.  ZZ )
54zcnd 11064 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  -  1 )  e.  CC )
62peano2zd 11066 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  ZZ )
76zcnd 11064 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  CC )
85, 7mulcomd 9682 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  x.  ( N  -  1 ) ) )
92zcnd 11064 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  CC )
10 ax-1cn 9615 . . . . . . 7  |-  1  e.  CC
11 subsq 12420 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( N  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( N ^
2 )  -  (
1 ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  x.  ( N  - 
1 ) ) )
129, 10, 11sylancl 675 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 1 ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  x.  ( N  -  1 ) ) )
139sqvald 12451 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N ^ 2 )  =  ( N  x.  N
) )
14 sq1 12407 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( 1 ^ 2 )  =  1
1514a1i 11 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
1 ^ 2 )  =  1 )
1613, 15oveq12d 6326 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N ^ 2 )  -  ( 1 ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( N  x.  N )  - 
1 ) )
178, 12, 163eqtr2d 2511 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  x.  N )  - 
1 ) )
1817breq2d 4407 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( ( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  <->  P  ||  (
( N  x.  N
)  -  1 ) ) )
19 1e0p1 11102 . . . . . . . 8  |-  1  =  ( 0  +  1 )
2019oveq1i 6318 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( 1 ... ( P  - 
1 ) )  =  ( ( 0  +  1 ) ... ( P  -  1 ) )
21 0z 10972 . . . . . . . 8  |-  0  e.  ZZ
22 fzp1ss 11873 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( 0  e.  ZZ  ->  (
( 0  +  1 ) ... ( P  -  1 ) ) 
C_  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )
2321, 22ax-mp 5 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( 0  +  1 ) ... ( P  - 
1 ) )  C_  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )
2420, 23eqsstri 3448 . . . . . 6  |-  ( 1 ... ( P  - 
1 ) )  C_  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )
25 simpr 468 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )
2624, 25sseldi 3416 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )
2726biantrurd 516 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( ( N  x.  N )  - 
1 )  <->  ( N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  /\  P  ||  ( ( N  x.  N )  -  1 ) ) ) )
2818, 27bitrd 261 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( ( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  <->  ( N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  /\  P  ||  ( ( N  x.  N )  -  1 ) ) ) )
29 simpl 464 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  Prime )
30 euclemma 14744 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  ( N  -  1 )  e.  ZZ  /\  ( N  +  1 )  e.  ZZ )  -> 
( P  ||  (
( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  <-> 
( P  ||  ( N  -  1 )  \/  P  ||  ( N  +  1 ) ) ) )
3129, 4, 6, 30syl3anc 1292 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( ( N  -  1 )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) )  <->  ( P  ||  ( N  -  1 )  \/  P  ||  ( N  +  1
) ) ) )
32 prmnn 14704 . . . . 5  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  NN )
33 fzm1ndvds 14434 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  - 
1 ) ) )  ->  -.  P  ||  N
)
3432, 33sylan 479 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  -.  P  ||  N )
35 eqid 2471 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( N ^ ( P  -  2 ) )  mod  P )  =  ( ( N ^
( P  -  2 ) )  mod  P
)
3635prmdiveq 14813 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ  /\  -.  P  ||  N )  ->  (
( N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  /\  P  ||  (
( N  x.  N
)  -  1 ) )  <->  N  =  (
( N ^ ( P  -  2 ) )  mod  P ) ) )
3729, 2, 34, 36syl3anc 1292 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  e.  ( 0 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  /\  P  ||  (
( N  x.  N
)  -  1 ) )  <->  N  =  (
( N ^ ( P  -  2 ) )  mod  P ) ) )
3828, 31, 373bitr3rd 292 . 2  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  =  ( ( N ^ ( P  - 
2 ) )  mod 
P )  <->  ( P  ||  ( N  -  1 )  \/  P  ||  ( N  +  1
) ) ) )
3929, 32syl 17 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  NN )
40 1zzd 10992 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  1  e.  ZZ )
41 moddvds 14389 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  ZZ  /\  1  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( 1  mod  P )  <->  P  ||  ( N  -  1 ) ) )
4239, 2, 40, 41syl3anc 1292 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( 1  mod  P )  <->  P  ||  ( N  -  1 ) ) )
43 elfznn 11854 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  ->  N  e.  NN )
4443adantl 473 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  NN )
4544nnred 10646 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  RR )
4639nnrpd 11362 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  RR+ )
4744nnnn0d 10949 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  e.  NN0 )
4847nn0ge0d 10952 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  0  <_  N )
49 elfzle2 11829 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) )  ->  N  <_  ( P  -  1 ) )
5049adantl 473 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  <_  ( P  -  1 ) )
51 prmz 14705 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  ZZ )
52 zltlem1 11013 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( N  e.  ZZ  /\  P  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( N  <  P  <->  N  <_  ( P  - 
1 ) ) )
531, 51, 52syl2anr 486 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  <  P  <->  N  <_  ( P  -  1 ) ) )
5450, 53mpbird 240 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  N  <  P )
55 modid 12154 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( N  e.  RR  /\  P  e.  RR+ )  /\  ( 0  <_  N  /\  N  <  P ) )  ->  ( N  mod  P )  =  N )
5645, 46, 48, 54, 55syl22anc 1293 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  mod  P )  =  N )
5739nnred 10646 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  RR )
58 prmuz2 14721 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)
5929, 58syl 17 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)
60 eluz2b2 11254 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  <->  ( P  e.  NN  /\  1  < 
P ) )
6160simprbi 471 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  1  <  P )
6259, 61syl 17 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  1  <  P )
63 1mod 12162 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  RR  /\  1  <  P )  -> 
( 1  mod  P
)  =  1 )
6457, 62, 63syl2anc 673 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
1  mod  P )  =  1 )
6556, 64eqeq12d 2486 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( 1  mod  P )  <->  N  = 
1 ) )
6642, 65bitr3d 263 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( N  - 
1 )  <->  N  = 
1 ) )
6740znegcld 11065 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  -u 1  e.  ZZ )
68 moddvds 14389 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  ZZ  /\  -u 1  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( -u
1  mod  P )  <->  P 
||  ( N  -  -u 1 ) ) )
6939, 2, 67, 68syl3anc 1292 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( -u
1  mod  P )  <->  P 
||  ( N  -  -u 1 ) ) )
7039nncnd 10647 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  P  e.  CC )
7170mulid2d 9679 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
1  x.  P )  =  P )
7271oveq2d 6324 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  =  ( -u 1  +  P ) )
73 neg1cn 10735 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  -u 1  e.  CC
74 addcom 9837 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( (
-u 1  e.  CC  /\  P  e.  CC )  ->  ( -u 1  +  P )  =  ( P  +  -u 1
) )
7573, 70, 74sylancr 676 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( -u 1  +  P )  =  ( P  +  -u 1 ) )
76 negsub 9942 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( P  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( P  +  -u
1 )  =  ( P  -  1 ) )
7770, 10, 76sylancl 675 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  +  -u 1 )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
7872, 75, 773eqtrd 2509 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
7978oveq1d 6323 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  mod  P )  =  ( ( P  -  1 )  mod 
P ) )
80 neg1rr 10736 . . . . . . . 8  |-  -u 1  e.  RR
8180a1i 11 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  -u 1  e.  RR )
82 modcyc 12165 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
-u 1  e.  RR  /\  P  e.  RR+  /\  1  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  mod  P )  =  ( -u 1  mod  P ) )
8381, 46, 40, 82syl3anc 1292 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( -u 1  +  ( 1  x.  P ) )  mod  P )  =  ( -u 1  mod  P ) )
84 peano2rem 9961 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  RR  ->  ( P  -  1 )  e.  RR )
8557, 84syl 17 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  -  1 )  e.  RR )
86 nnm1nn0 10935 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( P  e.  NN  ->  ( P  -  1 )  e.  NN0 )
8739, 86syl 17 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  -  1 )  e.  NN0 )
8887nn0ge0d 10952 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  0  <_  ( P  -  1 ) )
8957ltm1d 10561 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  -  1 )  <  P )
90 modid 12154 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( ( P  - 
1 )  e.  RR  /\  P  e.  RR+ )  /\  ( 0  <_  ( P  -  1 )  /\  ( P  - 
1 )  <  P
) )  ->  (
( P  -  1 )  mod  P )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
9185, 46, 88, 89, 90syl22anc 1293 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( P  -  1 )  mod  P )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
9279, 83, 913eqtr3d 2513 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( -u 1  mod  P )  =  ( P  - 
1 ) )
9356, 92eqeq12d 2486 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( N  mod  P
)  =  ( -u
1  mod  P )  <->  N  =  ( P  - 
1 ) ) )
94 subneg 9943 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( N  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( N  -  -u 1
)  =  ( N  +  1 ) )
959, 10, 94sylancl 675 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  -  -u 1 )  =  ( N  + 
1 ) )
9695breq2d 4407 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( N  -  -u 1 )  <->  P  ||  ( N  +  1 ) ) )
9769, 93, 963bitr3rd 292 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( P  ||  ( N  + 
1 )  <->  N  =  ( P  -  1
) ) )
9866, 97orbi12d 724 . 2  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  (
( P  ||  ( N  -  1 )  \/  P  ||  ( N  +  1 ) )  <->  ( N  =  1  \/  N  =  ( P  -  1 ) ) ) )
9938, 98bitrd 261 1  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ( 1 ... ( P  -  1 ) ) )  ->  ( N  =  ( ( N ^ ( P  - 
2 ) )  mod 
P )  <->  ( N  =  1  \/  N  =  ( P  - 
1 ) ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    <-> wb 189    \/ wo 375    /\ wa 376    = wceq 1452    e. wcel 1904    C_ wss 3390   class class class wbr 4395   ` cfv 5589  (class class class)co 6308   CCcc 9555   RRcr 9556   0cc0 9557   1c1 9558    + caddc 9560    x. cmul 9562    < clt 9693    <_ cle 9694    - cmin 9880   -ucneg 9881   NNcn 10631   2c2 10681   NN0cn0 10893   ZZcz 10961   ZZ>=cuz 11182   RR+crp 11325   ...cfz 11810    mod cmo 12129   ^cexp 12310    || cdvds 14382   Primecprime 14701
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1677  ax-4 1690  ax-5 1766  ax-6 1813  ax-7 1859  ax-8 1906  ax-9 1913  ax-10 1932  ax-11 1937  ax-12 1950  ax-13 2104  ax-ext 2451  ax-rep 4508  ax-sep 4518  ax-nul 4527  ax-pow 4579  ax-pr 4639  ax-un 6602  ax-cnex 9613  ax-resscn 9614  ax-1cn 9615  ax-icn 9616  ax-addcl 9617  ax-addrcl 9618  ax-mulcl 9619  ax-mulrcl 9620  ax-mulcom 9621  ax-addass 9622  ax-mulass 9623  ax-distr 9624  ax-i2m1 9625  ax-1ne0 9626  ax-1rid 9627  ax-rnegex 9628  ax-rrecex 9629  ax-cnre 9630  ax-pre-lttri 9631  ax-pre-lttrn 9632  ax-pre-ltadd 9633  ax-pre-mulgt0 9634  ax-pre-sup 9635
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 190  df-or 377  df-an 378  df-3or 1008  df-3an 1009  df-tru 1455  df-ex 1672  df-nf 1676  df-sb 1806  df-eu 2323  df-mo 2324  df-clab 2458  df-cleq 2464  df-clel 2467  df-nfc 2601  df-ne 2643  df-nel 2644  df-ral 2761  df-rex 2762  df-reu 2763  df-rmo 2764  df-rab 2765  df-v 3033  df-sbc 3256  df-csb 3350  df-dif 3393  df-un 3395  df-in 3397  df-ss 3404  df-pss 3406  df-nul 3723  df-if 3873  df-pw 3944  df-sn 3960  df-pr 3962  df-tp 3964  df-op 3966  df-uni 4191  df-int 4227  df-iun 4271  df-br 4396  df-opab 4455  df-mpt 4456  df-tr 4491  df-eprel 4750  df-id 4754  df-po 4760  df-so 4761  df-fr 4798  df-we 4800  df-xp 4845  df-rel 4846  df-cnv 4847  df-co 4848  df-dm 4849  df-rn 4850  df-res 4851  df-ima 4852  df-pred 5387  df-ord 5433  df-on 5434  df-lim 5435  df-suc 5436  df-iota 5553  df-fun 5591  df-fn 5592  df-f 5593  df-f1 5594  df-fo 5595  df-f1o 5596  df-fv 5597  df-riota 6270  df-ov 6311  df-oprab 6312  df-mpt2 6313  df-om 6712  df-1st 6812  df-2nd 6813  df-wrecs 7046  df-recs 7108  df-rdg 7146  df-1o 7200  df-2o 7201  df-oadd 7204  df-er 7381  df-map 7492  df-en 7588  df-dom 7589  df-sdom 7590  df-fin 7591  df-sup 7974  df-inf 7975  df-card 8391  df-cda 8616  df-pnf 9695  df-mnf 9696  df-xr 9697  df-ltxr 9698  df-le 9699  df-sub 9882  df-neg 9883  df-div 10292  df-nn 10632  df-2 10690  df-3 10691  df-n0 10894  df-z 10962  df-uz 11183  df-rp 11326  df-fz 11811  df-fzo 11943  df-fl 12061  df-mod 12130  df-seq 12252  df-exp 12311  df-hash 12554  df-cj 13239  df-re 13240  df-im 13241  df-sqrt 13375  df-abs 13376  df-dvds 14383  df-gcd 14548  df-prm 14702  df-phi 14793
This theorem is referenced by:  wilthlem2  24073
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