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Theorem sylow1 17333
Description: Sylow's first theorem. If  P ^ N is a prime power that divides the cardinality of  G, then  G has a supgroup with size  P ^ N. This is part of Metamath 100 proof #72. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Jan-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
sylow1.x  |-  X  =  ( Base `  G
)
sylow1.g  |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  Grp )
sylow1.f  |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  Fin )
sylow1.p  |-  ( ph  ->  P  e.  Prime )
sylow1.n  |-  ( ph  ->  N  e.  NN0 )
sylow1.d  |-  ( ph  ->  ( P ^ N
)  ||  ( # `  X
) )
Assertion
Ref Expression
sylow1  |-  ( ph  ->  E. g  e.  (SubGrp `  G ) ( # `  g )  =  ( P ^ N ) )
Distinct variable groups:    g, N    g, X    g, G    P, g    ph, g

Proof of Theorem sylow1
Dummy variables  a 
b  s  u  x  y  z  h  k  t  v are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 sylow1.x . . 3  |-  X  =  ( Base `  G
)
2 sylow1.g . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  Grp )
3 sylow1.f . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  Fin )
4 sylow1.p . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  P  e.  Prime )
5 sylow1.n . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  N  e.  NN0 )
6 sylow1.d . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  ( P ^ N
)  ||  ( # `  X
) )
7 eqid 2471 . . 3  |-  ( +g  `  G )  =  ( +g  `  G )
8 eqid 2471 . . 3  |-  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  =  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }
9 oveq2 6316 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( s  =  z  ->  (
u ( +g  `  G
) s )  =  ( u ( +g  `  G ) z ) )
109cbvmptv 4488 . . . . . 6  |-  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G
) s ) )  =  ( z  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) z ) )
11 oveq1 6315 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( u  =  x  ->  (
u ( +g  `  G
) z )  =  ( x ( +g  `  G ) z ) )
1211mpteq2dv 4483 . . . . . 6  |-  ( u  =  x  ->  (
z  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G
) z ) )  =  ( z  e.  v  |->  ( x ( +g  `  G ) z ) ) )
1310, 12syl5eq 2517 . . . . 5  |-  ( u  =  x  ->  (
s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G
) s ) )  =  ( z  e.  v  |->  ( x ( +g  `  G ) z ) ) )
1413rneqd 5068 . . . 4  |-  ( u  =  x  ->  ran  ( s  e.  v 
|->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) )  =  ran  (
z  e.  v  |->  ( x ( +g  `  G
) z ) ) )
15 mpteq1 4476 . . . . 5  |-  ( v  =  y  ->  (
z  e.  v  |->  ( x ( +g  `  G
) z ) )  =  ( z  e.  y  |->  ( x ( +g  `  G ) z ) ) )
1615rneqd 5068 . . . 4  |-  ( v  =  y  ->  ran  ( z  e.  v 
|->  ( x ( +g  `  G ) z ) )  =  ran  (
z  e.  y  |->  ( x ( +g  `  G
) z ) ) )
1714, 16cbvmpt2v 6390 . . 3  |-  ( u  e.  X ,  v  e.  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  |->  ran  ( s  e.  v 
|->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) )  =  ( x  e.  X , 
y  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  |->  ran  ( z  e.  y 
|->  ( x ( +g  `  G ) z ) ) )
18 preq12 4044 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( a  =  x  /\  b  =  y )  ->  { a ,  b }  =  { x ,  y } )
1918sseq1d 3445 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( a  =  x  /\  b  =  y )  ->  ( { a ,  b }  C_  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  <->  { x ,  y }  C_  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } ) )
20 oveq2 6316 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( a  =  x  ->  (
k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) x ) )
21 id 22 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( b  =  y  ->  b  =  y )
2220, 21eqeqan12d 2487 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( a  =  x  /\  b  =  y )  ->  ( ( k ( u  e.  X , 
v  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  |->  ran  ( s  e.  v 
|->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b  <->  ( k
( u  e.  X ,  v  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  |->  ran  ( s  e.  v 
|->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) x )  =  y ) )
2322rexbidv 2892 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( a  =  x  /\  b  =  y )  ->  ( E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X , 
v  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  |->  ran  ( s  e.  v 
|->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b  <->  E. k  e.  X  ( k
( u  e.  X ,  v  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  |->  ran  ( s  e.  v 
|->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) x )  =  y ) )
2419, 23anbi12d 725 . . . 4  |-  ( ( a  =  x  /\  b  =  y )  ->  ( ( { a ,  b }  C_  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X , 
v  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  |->  ran  ( s  e.  v 
|->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b )  <->  ( {
x ,  y } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) x )  =  y ) ) )
2524cbvopabv 4465 . . 3  |-  { <. a ,  b >.  |  ( { a ,  b }  C_  { s  e.  ~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) }  =  { <. x ,  y >.  |  ( { x ,  y }  C_  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X , 
v  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  | 
( # `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  |->  ran  ( s  e.  v 
|->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) x )  =  y ) }
261, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 17, 25sylow1lem3 17330 . 2  |-  ( ph  ->  E. h  e.  {
s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  ( P  pCnt  ( # `
 [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) )
272adantr 472 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  ( P  pCnt  (
# `  [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) ) )  ->  G  e.  Grp )
283adantr 472 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  ( P  pCnt  (
# `  [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) ) )  ->  X  e.  Fin )
294adantr 472 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  ( P  pCnt  (
# `  [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) ) )  ->  P  e.  Prime )
305adantr 472 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  ( P  pCnt  (
# `  [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) ) )  ->  N  e.  NN0 )
316adantr 472 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  ( P  pCnt  (
# `  [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) ) )  -> 
( P ^ N
)  ||  ( # `  X
) )
32 simprl 772 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  ( P  pCnt  (
# `  [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) ) )  ->  h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) } )
33 eqid 2471 . . 3  |-  { t  e.  X  |  ( t ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) h )  =  h }  =  { t  e.  X  |  ( t ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) h )  =  h }
34 simprr 774 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  ( P  pCnt  (
# `  [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) ) )  -> 
( P  pCnt  ( # `
 [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) )
351, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 7, 8, 17, 25, 32, 33, 34sylow1lem5 17332 . 2  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( h  e.  { s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  ( P  pCnt  (
# `  [ h ] { <. a ,  b
>.  |  ( {
a ,  b } 
C_  { s  e. 
~P X  |  (
# `  s )  =  ( P ^ N ) }  /\  E. k  e.  X  ( k ( u  e.  X ,  v  e. 
{ s  e.  ~P X  |  ( # `  s
)  =  ( P ^ N ) } 
|->  ran  ( s  e.  v  |->  ( u ( +g  `  G ) s ) ) ) a )  =  b ) } ) )  <_  ( ( P 
pCnt  ( # `  X
) )  -  N
) ) )  ->  E. g  e.  (SubGrp `  G ) ( # `  g )  =  ( P ^ N ) )
3626, 35rexlimddv 2875 1  |-  ( ph  ->  E. g  e.  (SubGrp `  G ) ( # `  g )  =  ( P ^ N ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    /\ wa 376    = wceq 1452    e. wcel 1904   E.wrex 2757   {crab 2760    C_ wss 3390   ~Pcpw 3942   {cpr 3961   class class class wbr 4395   {copab 4453    |-> cmpt 4454   ran crn 4840   ` cfv 5589  (class class class)co 6308    |-> cmpt2 6310   [cec 7379   Fincfn 7587    <_ cle 9694    - cmin 9880   NN0cn0 10893   ^cexp 12310   #chash 12553    || cdvds 14382   Primecprime 14701    pCnt cpc 14865   Basecbs 15199   +g cplusg 15268   Grpcgrp 16747  SubGrpcsubg 16889
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1677  ax-4 1690  ax-5 1766  ax-6 1813  ax-7 1859  ax-8 1906  ax-9 1913  ax-10 1932  ax-11 1937  ax-12 1950  ax-13 2104  ax-ext 2451  ax-rep 4508  ax-sep 4518  ax-nul 4527  ax-pow 4579  ax-pr 4639  ax-un 6602  ax-inf2 8164  ax-cnex 9613  ax-resscn 9614  ax-1cn 9615  ax-icn 9616  ax-addcl 9617  ax-addrcl 9618  ax-mulcl 9619  ax-mulrcl 9620  ax-mulcom 9621  ax-addass 9622  ax-mulass 9623  ax-distr 9624  ax-i2m1 9625  ax-1ne0 9626  ax-1rid 9627  ax-rnegex 9628  ax-rrecex 9629  ax-cnre 9630  ax-pre-lttri 9631  ax-pre-lttrn 9632  ax-pre-ltadd 9633  ax-pre-mulgt0 9634  ax-pre-sup 9635
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 190  df-or 377  df-an 378  df-3or 1008  df-3an 1009  df-tru 1455  df-fal 1458  df-ex 1672  df-nf 1676  df-sb 1806  df-eu 2323  df-mo 2324  df-clab 2458  df-cleq 2464  df-clel 2467  df-nfc 2601  df-ne 2643  df-nel 2644  df-ral 2761  df-rex 2762  df-reu 2763  df-rmo 2764  df-rab 2765  df-v 3033  df-sbc 3256  df-csb 3350  df-dif 3393  df-un 3395  df-in 3397  df-ss 3404  df-pss 3406  df-nul 3723  df-if 3873  df-pw 3944  df-sn 3960  df-pr 3962  df-tp 3964  df-op 3966  df-uni 4191  df-int 4227  df-iun 4271  df-disj 4367  df-br 4396  df-opab 4455  df-mpt 4456  df-tr 4491  df-eprel 4750  df-id 4754  df-po 4760  df-so 4761  df-fr 4798  df-se 4799  df-we 4800  df-xp 4845  df-rel 4846  df-cnv 4847  df-co 4848  df-dm 4849  df-rn 4850  df-res 4851  df-ima 4852  df-pred 5387  df-ord 5433  df-on 5434  df-lim 5435  df-suc 5436  df-iota 5553  df-fun 5591  df-fn 5592  df-f 5593  df-f1 5594  df-fo 5595  df-f1o 5596  df-fv 5597  df-isom 5598  df-riota 6270  df-ov 6311  df-oprab 6312  df-mpt2 6313  df-om 6712  df-1st 6812  df-2nd 6813  df-wrecs 7046  df-recs 7108  df-rdg 7146  df-1o 7200  df-2o 7201  df-oadd 7204  df-er 7381  df-ec 7383  df-qs 7387  df-map 7492  df-en 7588  df-dom 7589  df-sdom 7590  df-fin 7591  df-sup 7974  df-inf 7975  df-oi 8043  df-card 8391  df-cda 8616  df-pnf 9695  df-mnf 9696  df-xr 9697  df-ltxr 9698  df-le 9699  df-sub 9882  df-neg 9883  df-div 10292  df-nn 10632  df-2 10690  df-3 10691  df-n0 10894  df-z 10962  df-uz 11183  df-q 11288  df-rp 11326  df-fz 11811  df-fzo 11943  df-fl 12061  df-mod 12130  df-seq 12252  df-exp 12311  df-fac 12498  df-bc 12526  df-hash 12554  df-cj 13239  df-re 13240  df-im 13241  df-sqrt 13375  df-abs 13376  df-clim 13629  df-sum 13830  df-dvds 14383  df-gcd 14548  df-prm 14702  df-pc 14866  df-ndx 15202  df-slot 15203  df-base 15204  df-sets 15205  df-ress 15206  df-plusg 15281  df-0g 15418  df-mgm 16566  df-sgrp 16605  df-mnd 16615  df-grp 16751  df-minusg 16752  df-subg 16892  df-eqg 16894  df-ga 17022
This theorem is referenced by:  odcau  17334  slwhash  17354
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