Users' Mathboxes Mathbox for Saveliy Skresanov < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >   Mathboxes  >  sigarcol Structured version   Unicode version

Theorem sigarcol 29874
Description: Given three points  A,  B and  C such that  -.  A  =  B, the point  C lies on the line going through  A and  B iff the corresponding signed area is zero. That justifies the usage of signed area as a collinearity indicator. (Contributed by Saveliy Skresanov, 22-Sep-2017.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
sigarcol.sigar  |-  G  =  ( x  e.  CC ,  y  e.  CC  |->  ( Im `  ( ( * `  x )  x.  y ) ) )
sigarcol.a  |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )
)
sigarcol.b  |-  ( ph  ->  -.  A  =  B )
Assertion
Ref Expression
sigarcol  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C
) )  =  0  <->  E. t  e.  RR  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) ) ) )
Distinct variable groups:    x, t,
y, A    t, B, x, y    t, C, x, y    t, G    ph, t
Allowed substitution hints:    ph( x, y)    G( x, y)

Proof of Theorem sigarcol
StepHypRef Expression
1 sigarcol.sigar . . . . 5  |-  G  =  ( x  e.  CC ,  y  e.  CC  |->  ( Im `  ( ( * `  x )  x.  y ) ) )
2 sigarcol.a . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )
)
32simp2d 1001 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )
42simp3d 1002 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )
52simp1d 1000 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )
63, 4, 53jca 1168 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ph  ->  ( B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC  /\  A  e.  CC )
)
76adantr 465 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  ( B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC  /\  A  e.  CC ) )
8 sigarcol.b . . . . . 6  |-  ( ph  ->  -.  A  =  B )
98adantr 465 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  -.  A  =  B )
101sigarperm 29870 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  (
( A  -  C
) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( ( B  -  A ) G ( C  -  A
) ) )
112, 10syl 16 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( ( B  -  A ) G ( C  -  A ) ) )
121sigarperm 29870 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC  /\  A  e.  CC )  ->  (
( B  -  A
) G ( C  -  A ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B ) G ( A  -  B
) ) )
136, 12syl 16 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( B  -  A ) G ( C  -  A ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B ) G ( A  -  B ) ) )
1411, 13eqtrd 2470 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B ) G ( A  -  B ) ) )
1514eqeq1d 2446 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C
) )  =  0  <-> 
( ( C  -  B ) G ( A  -  B ) )  =  0 ) )
1615biimpa 484 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  (
( C  -  B
) G ( A  -  B ) )  =  0 )
171, 7, 9, 16sigardiv 29871 . . . 4  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  (
( C  -  B
)  /  ( A  -  B ) )  e.  RR )
184, 3subcld 9711 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( C  -  B
)  e.  CC )
1918adantr 465 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  ( C  -  B )  e.  CC )
205, 3subcld 9711 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  -  B
)  e.  CC )
2120adantr 465 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  ( A  -  B )  e.  CC )
225adantr 465 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  A  e.  CC )
233adantr 465 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  B  e.  CC )
249neneqad 2676 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  A  =/=  B )
2522, 23, 24subne0d 9720 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  ( A  -  B )  =/=  0 )
2619, 21, 25divcan1d 10100 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  (
( ( C  -  B )  /  ( A  -  B )
)  x.  ( A  -  B ) )  =  ( C  -  B ) )
2726oveq2d 6102 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  ( B  +  ( (
( C  -  B
)  /  ( A  -  B ) )  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) )  =  ( B  +  ( C  -  B
) ) )
284adantr 465 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  C  e.  CC )
2923, 28pncan3d 9714 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  ( B  +  ( C  -  B ) )  =  C )
3027, 29eqtr2d 2471 . . . 4  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  C  =  ( B  +  ( ( ( C  -  B )  / 
( A  -  B
) )  x.  ( A  -  B )
) ) )
31 oveq1 6093 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( t  =  ( ( C  -  B )  / 
( A  -  B
) )  ->  (
t  x.  ( A  -  B ) )  =  ( ( ( C  -  B )  /  ( A  -  B ) )  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) )
3231oveq2d 6102 . . . . . 6  |-  ( t  =  ( ( C  -  B )  / 
( A  -  B
) )  ->  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) )  =  ( B  +  ( ( ( C  -  B )  /  ( A  -  B )
)  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )
3332eqeq2d 2449 . . . . 5  |-  ( t  =  ( ( C  -  B )  / 
( A  -  B
) )  ->  ( C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) )  <->  C  =  ( B  +  (
( ( C  -  B )  /  ( A  -  B )
)  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) ) )
3433rspcev 3068 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( ( C  -  B )  /  ( A  -  B )
)  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( ( ( C  -  B )  /  ( A  -  B ) )  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) ) )  ->  E. t  e.  RR  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) ) )
3517, 30, 34syl2anc 661 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )  ->  E. t  e.  RR  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )
3635ex 434 . 2  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C
) )  =  0  ->  E. t  e.  RR  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) ) ) )
37143ad2ant1 1009 . . . 4  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  ( ( C  -  B ) G ( A  -  B ) ) )
38 simp3 990 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  C  =  ( B  +  (
t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )
3938oveq1d 6101 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  =  ( ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) )  -  B ) )
4033ad2ant1 1009 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  B  e.  CC )
41 simp2 989 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  t  e.  RR )
4241recnd 9404 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  t  e.  CC )
4353ad2ant1 1009 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  A  e.  CC )
4443, 40subcld 9711 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( A  -  B )  e.  CC )
4542, 44mulcld 9398 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) )  e.  CC )
4640, 45pncan2d 9713 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) )  -  B )  =  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) )
4739, 46eqtrd 2470 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( C  -  B )  =  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) )
4847oveq1d 6101 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( C  -  B ) G ( A  -  B ) )  =  ( ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) G ( A  -  B ) ) )
4942, 44mulcomd 9399 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) )  =  ( ( A  -  B
)  x.  t ) )
5049oveq1d 6101 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( (
t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) G ( A  -  B ) )  =  ( ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t ) G ( A  -  B ) ) )
5148, 50eqtrd 2470 . . . 4  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( C  -  B ) G ( A  -  B ) )  =  ( ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t ) G ( A  -  B ) ) )
5244, 42mulcld 9398 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t )  e.  CC )
531sigarac 29862 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t
)  e.  CC  /\  ( A  -  B
)  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t ) G ( A  -  B
) )  =  -u ( ( A  -  B ) G ( ( A  -  B
)  x.  t ) ) )
5452, 44, 53syl2anc 661 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( (
( A  -  B
)  x.  t ) G ( A  -  B ) )  = 
-u ( ( A  -  B ) G ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t
) ) )
551sigarls 29867 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( A  -  B
)  e.  CC  /\  ( A  -  B
)  e.  CC  /\  t  e.  RR )  ->  ( ( A  -  B ) G ( ( A  -  B
)  x.  t ) )  =  ( ( ( A  -  B
) G ( A  -  B ) )  x.  t ) )
5644, 44, 41, 55syl3anc 1218 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  B ) G ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t ) )  =  ( ( ( A  -  B ) G ( A  -  B
) )  x.  t
) )
571sigarid 29868 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  -  B )  e.  CC  ->  (
( A  -  B
) G ( A  -  B ) )  =  0 )
5844, 57syl 16 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  B ) G ( A  -  B ) )  =  0 )
5958oveq1d 6101 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( (
( A  -  B
) G ( A  -  B ) )  x.  t )  =  ( 0  x.  t
) )
6042mul02d 9559 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( 0  x.  t )  =  0 )
6156, 59, 603eqtrd 2474 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  B ) G ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t ) )  =  0 )
6261negeqd 9596 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  -u ( ( A  -  B ) G ( ( A  -  B )  x.  t ) )  = 
-u 0 )
63 neg0 9647 . . . . . 6  |-  -u 0  =  0
6463a1i 11 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  -u 0  =  0 )
6554, 62, 643eqtrd 2474 . . . 4  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( (
( A  -  B
)  x.  t ) G ( A  -  B ) )  =  0 )
6637, 51, 653eqtrd 2474 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  t  e.  RR  /\  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C ) )  =  0 )
6766rexlimdv3a 2838 . 2  |-  ( ph  ->  ( E. t  e.  RR  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B ) ) )  ->  ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C
) )  =  0 ) )
6836, 67impbid 191 1  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( ( A  -  C ) G ( B  -  C
) )  =  0  <->  E. t  e.  RR  C  =  ( B  +  ( t  x.  ( A  -  B
) ) ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    <-> wb 184    /\ wa 369    /\ w3a 965    = wceq 1369    e. wcel 1756   E.wrex 2711   ` cfv 5413  (class class class)co 6086    e. cmpt2 6088   CCcc 9272   RRcr 9273   0cc0 9274    + caddc 9277    x. cmul 9279    - cmin 9587   -ucneg 9588    / cdiv 9985   *ccj 12577   Imcim 12579
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1591  ax-4 1602  ax-5 1670  ax-6 1708  ax-7 1728  ax-8 1758  ax-9 1760  ax-10 1775  ax-11 1780  ax-12 1792  ax-13 1943  ax-ext 2419  ax-sep 4408  ax-nul 4416  ax-pow 4465  ax-pr 4526  ax-un 6367  ax-resscn 9331  ax-1cn 9332  ax-icn 9333  ax-addcl 9334  ax-addrcl 9335  ax-mulcl 9336  ax-mulrcl 9337  ax-mulcom 9338  ax-addass 9339  ax-mulass 9340  ax-distr 9341  ax-i2m1 9342  ax-1ne0 9343  ax-1rid 9344  ax-rnegex 9345  ax-rrecex 9346  ax-cnre 9347  ax-pre-lttri 9348  ax-pre-lttrn 9349  ax-pre-ltadd 9350  ax-pre-mulgt0 9351
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 185  df-or 370  df-an 371  df-3or 966  df-3an 967  df-tru 1372  df-ex 1587  df-nf 1590  df-sb 1701  df-eu 2256  df-mo 2257  df-clab 2425  df-cleq 2431  df-clel 2434  df-nfc 2563  df-ne 2603  df-nel 2604  df-ral 2715  df-rex 2716  df-reu 2717  df-rmo 2718  df-rab 2719  df-v 2969  df-sbc 3182  df-csb 3284  df-dif 3326  df-un 3328  df-in 3330  df-ss 3337  df-nul 3633  df-if 3787  df-pw 3857  df-sn 3873  df-pr 3875  df-op 3879  df-uni 4087  df-br 4288  df-opab 4346  df-mpt 4347  df-id 4631  df-po 4636  df-so 4637  df-xp 4841  df-rel 4842  df-cnv 4843  df-co 4844  df-dm 4845  df-rn 4846  df-res 4847  df-ima 4848  df-iota 5376  df-fun 5415  df-fn 5416  df-f 5417  df-f1 5418  df-fo 5419  df-f1o 5420  df-fv 5421  df-riota 6047  df-ov 6089  df-oprab 6090  df-mpt2 6091  df-er 7093  df-en 7303  df-dom 7304  df-sdom 7305  df-pnf 9412  df-mnf 9413  df-xr 9414  df-ltxr 9415  df-le 9416  df-sub 9589  df-neg 9590  df-div 9986  df-2 10372  df-cj 12580  df-re 12581  df-im 12582
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator