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Theorem recos4p 13536
Description: Separate out the first four terms of the infinite series expansion of the cosine of a real number. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 19-Jan-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2014.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
efi4p.1  |-  F  =  ( n  e.  NN0  |->  ( ( ( _i  x.  A ) ^
n )  /  ( ! `  n )
) )
Assertion
Ref Expression
recos4p  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( cos `  A )  =  ( ( 1  -  ( ( A ^
2 )  /  2
) )  +  ( Re `  sum_ k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  4 )
( F `  k
) ) ) )
Distinct variable groups:    A, k, n    k, F
Allowed substitution hint:    F( n)

Proof of Theorem recos4p
StepHypRef Expression
1 recosval 13533 . 2  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( cos `  A )  =  ( Re `  ( exp `  ( _i  x.  A ) ) ) )
2 recn 9478 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  e.  CC )
3 efi4p.1 . . . . . 6  |-  F  =  ( n  e.  NN0  |->  ( ( ( _i  x.  A ) ^
n )  /  ( ! `  n )
) )
43efi4p 13534 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( exp `  ( _i  x.  A ) )  =  ( ( ( 1  -  ( ( A ^ 2 )  / 
2 ) )  +  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  ( ( A ^ 3 )  / 
6 ) ) ) )  +  sum_ k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  4 )
( F `  k
) ) )
52, 4syl 16 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( exp `  ( _i  x.  A ) )  =  ( ( ( 1  -  ( ( A ^ 2 )  / 
2 ) )  +  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  ( ( A ^ 3 )  / 
6 ) ) ) )  +  sum_ k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  4 )
( F `  k
) ) )
65fveq2d 5798 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
Re `  ( exp `  ( _i  x.  A
) ) )  =  ( Re `  (
( ( 1  -  ( ( A ^
2 )  /  2
) )  +  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  ( ( A ^ 3 )  / 
6 ) ) ) )  +  sum_ k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  4 )
( F `  k
) ) ) )
7 1re 9491 . . . . . . 7  |-  1  e.  RR
8 resqcl 12045 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( A ^ 2 )  e.  RR )
98rehalfcld 10677 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
( A ^ 2 )  /  2 )  e.  RR )
10 resubcl 9779 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( 1  e.  RR  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  /  2
)  e.  RR )  ->  ( 1  -  ( ( A ^
2 )  /  2
) )  e.  RR )
117, 9, 10sylancr 663 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
1  -  ( ( A ^ 2 )  /  2 ) )  e.  RR )
1211recnd 9518 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
1  -  ( ( A ^ 2 )  /  2 ) )  e.  CC )
13 ax-icn 9447 . . . . . 6  |-  _i  e.  CC
14 3nn0 10703 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  3  e.  NN0
15 reexpcl 11994 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  3  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( A ^ 3 )  e.  RR )
1614, 15mpan2 671 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( A ^ 3 )  e.  RR )
17 6re 10508 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  6  e.  RR
18 6pos 10526 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  0  <  6
1917, 18gt0ne0ii 9982 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  6  =/=  0
20 redivcl 10156 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( A ^ 3 )  e.  RR  /\  6  e.  RR  /\  6  =/=  0 )  ->  (
( A ^ 3 )  /  6 )  e.  RR )
2117, 19, 20mp3an23 1307 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A ^ 3 )  e.  RR  ->  (
( A ^ 3 )  /  6 )  e.  RR )
2216, 21syl 16 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
( A ^ 3 )  /  6 )  e.  RR )
23 resubcl 9779 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  ( ( A ^
3 )  /  6
)  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  -  ( ( A ^
3 )  /  6
) )  e.  RR )
2422, 23mpdan 668 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( A  -  ( ( A ^ 3 )  / 
6 ) )  e.  RR )
2524recnd 9518 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( A  -  ( ( A ^ 3 )  / 
6 ) )  e.  CC )
26 mulcl 9472 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( _i  e.  CC  /\  ( A  -  (
( A ^ 3 )  /  6 ) )  e.  CC )  ->  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  (
( A ^ 3 )  /  6 ) ) )  e.  CC )
2713, 25, 26sylancr 663 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
_i  x.  ( A  -  ( ( A ^ 3 )  / 
6 ) ) )  e.  CC )
2812, 27addcld 9511 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
( 1  -  (
( A ^ 2 )  /  2 ) )  +  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  ( ( A ^
3 )  /  6
) ) ) )  e.  CC )
29 mulcl 9472 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( _i  e.  CC  /\  A  e.  CC )  ->  ( _i  x.  A
)  e.  CC )
3013, 2, 29sylancr 663 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
_i  x.  A )  e.  CC )
31 4nn0 10704 . . . . 5  |-  4  e.  NN0
323eftlcl 13504 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( _i  x.  A
)  e.  CC  /\  4  e.  NN0 )  ->  sum_ k  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
4 ) ( F `
 k )  e.  CC )
3330, 31, 32sylancl 662 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  sum_ k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  4 )
( F `  k
)  e.  CC )
3428, 33readdd 12816 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
Re `  ( (
( 1  -  (
( A ^ 2 )  /  2 ) )  +  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  ( ( A ^
3 )  /  6
) ) ) )  +  sum_ k  e.  (
ZZ>= `  4 ) ( F `  k ) ) )  =  ( ( Re `  (
( 1  -  (
( A ^ 2 )  /  2 ) )  +  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  ( ( A ^
3 )  /  6
) ) ) ) )  +  ( Re
`  sum_ k  e.  (
ZZ>= `  4 ) ( F `  k ) ) ) )
3511, 24crred 12833 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
Re `  ( (
1  -  ( ( A ^ 2 )  /  2 ) )  +  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  (
( A ^ 3 )  /  6 ) ) ) ) )  =  ( 1  -  ( ( A ^
2 )  /  2
) ) )
3635oveq1d 6210 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
( Re `  (
( 1  -  (
( A ^ 2 )  /  2 ) )  +  ( _i  x.  ( A  -  ( ( A ^
3 )  /  6
) ) ) ) )  +  ( Re
`  sum_ k  e.  (
ZZ>= `  4 ) ( F `  k ) ) )  =  ( ( 1  -  (
( A ^ 2 )  /  2 ) )  +  ( Re
`  sum_ k  e.  (
ZZ>= `  4 ) ( F `  k ) ) ) )
376, 34, 363eqtrd 2497 . 2  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  (
Re `  ( exp `  ( _i  x.  A
) ) )  =  ( ( 1  -  ( ( A ^
2 )  /  2
) )  +  ( Re `  sum_ k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  4 )
( F `  k
) ) ) )
381, 37eqtrd 2493 1  |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  ( cos `  A )  =  ( ( 1  -  ( ( A ^
2 )  /  2
) )  +  ( Re `  sum_ k  e.  ( ZZ>= `  4 )
( F `  k
) ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    = wceq 1370    e. wcel 1758    =/= wne 2645    |-> cmpt 4453   ` cfv 5521  (class class class)co 6195   CCcc 9386   RRcr 9387   0cc0 9388   1c1 9389   _ici 9390    + caddc 9391    x. cmul 9393    - cmin 9701    / cdiv 10099   2c2 10477   3c3 10478   4c4 10479   6c6 10481   NN0cn0 10685   ZZ>=cuz 10967   ^cexp 11977   !cfa 12163   Recre 12699   sum_csu 13276   expce 13460   cosccos 13463
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1592  ax-4 1603  ax-5 1671  ax-6 1710  ax-7 1730  ax-8 1760  ax-9 1762  ax-10 1777  ax-11 1782  ax-12 1794  ax-13 1954  ax-ext 2431  ax-rep 4506  ax-sep 4516  ax-nul 4524  ax-pow 4573  ax-pr 4634  ax-un 6477  ax-inf2 7953  ax-cnex 9444  ax-resscn 9445  ax-1cn 9446  ax-icn 9447  ax-addcl 9448  ax-addrcl 9449  ax-mulcl 9450  ax-mulrcl 9451  ax-mulcom 9452  ax-addass 9453  ax-mulass 9454  ax-distr 9455  ax-i2m1 9456  ax-1ne0 9457  ax-1rid 9458  ax-rnegex 9459  ax-rrecex 9460  ax-cnre 9461  ax-pre-lttri 9462  ax-pre-lttrn 9463  ax-pre-ltadd 9464  ax-pre-mulgt0 9465  ax-pre-sup 9466  ax-addf 9467  ax-mulf 9468
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 185  df-or 370  df-an 371  df-3or 966  df-3an 967  df-tru 1373  df-fal 1376  df-ex 1588  df-nf 1591  df-sb 1703  df-eu 2265  df-mo 2266  df-clab 2438  df-cleq 2444  df-clel 2447  df-nfc 2602  df-ne 2647  df-nel 2648  df-ral 2801  df-rex 2802  df-reu 2803  df-rmo 2804  df-rab 2805  df-v 3074  df-sbc 3289  df-csb 3391  df-dif 3434  df-un 3436  df-in 3438  df-ss 3445  df-pss 3447  df-nul 3741  df-if 3895  df-pw 3965  df-sn 3981  df-pr 3983  df-tp 3985  df-op 3987  df-uni 4195  df-int 4232  df-iun 4276  df-br 4396  df-opab 4454  df-mpt 4455  df-tr 4489  df-eprel 4735  df-id 4739  df-po 4744  df-so 4745  df-fr 4782  df-se 4783  df-we 4784  df-ord 4825  df-on 4826  df-lim 4827  df-suc 4828  df-xp 4949  df-rel 4950  df-cnv 4951  df-co 4952  df-dm 4953  df-rn 4954  df-res 4955  df-ima 4956  df-iota 5484  df-fun 5523  df-fn 5524  df-f 5525  df-f1 5526  df-fo 5527  df-f1o 5528  df-fv 5529  df-isom 5530  df-riota 6156  df-ov 6198  df-oprab 6199  df-mpt2 6200  df-om 6582  df-1st 6682  df-2nd 6683  df-recs 6937  df-rdg 6971  df-1o 7025  df-oadd 7029  df-er 7206  df-pm 7322  df-en 7416  df-dom 7417  df-sdom 7418  df-fin 7419  df-sup 7797  df-oi 7830  df-card 8215  df-pnf 9526  df-mnf 9527  df-xr 9528  df-ltxr 9529  df-le 9530  df-sub 9703  df-neg 9704  df-div 10100  df-nn 10429  df-2 10486  df-3 10487  df-4 10488  df-5 10489  df-6 10490  df-n0 10686  df-z 10753  df-uz 10968  df-rp 11098  df-ico 11412  df-fz 11550  df-fzo 11661  df-fl 11754  df-seq 11919  df-exp 11978  df-fac 12164  df-hash 12216  df-shft 12669  df-cj 12701  df-re 12702  df-im 12703  df-sqr 12837  df-abs 12838  df-limsup 13062  df-clim 13079  df-rlim 13080  df-sum 13277  df-ef 13466  df-cos 13469
This theorem is referenced by:  cos01bnd  13583
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