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Theorem pythagtriplem17 13160
Description: Lemma for pythagtrip 13163. Show the relationship between  M,  N, and  C. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 17-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
pythagtriplem15.1  |-  M  =  ( ( ( sqr `  ( C  +  B
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) ) )  /  2 )
pythagtriplem15.2  |-  N  =  ( ( ( sqr `  ( C  +  B
) )  -  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) ) )  /  2 )
Assertion
Ref Expression
pythagtriplem17  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  C  =  ( ( M ^ 2 )  +  ( N ^ 2 ) ) )

Proof of Theorem pythagtriplem17
StepHypRef Expression
1 pythagtriplem15.1 . . . . 5  |-  M  =  ( ( ( sqr `  ( C  +  B
) )  +  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) ) )  /  2 )
21pythagtriplem12 13155 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( M ^ 2 )  =  ( ( C  +  A )  /  2
) )
3 pythagtriplem15.2 . . . . 5  |-  N  =  ( ( ( sqr `  ( C  +  B
) )  -  ( sqr `  ( C  -  B ) ) )  /  2 )
43pythagtriplem14 13157 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( N ^ 2 )  =  ( ( C  -  A )  /  2
) )
52, 4oveq12d 6058 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( M ^ 2 )  +  ( N ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( ( C  +  A )  /  2 )  +  ( ( C  -  A )  /  2
) ) )
6 nncn 9964 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( C  e.  NN  ->  C  e.  CC )
763ad2ant3 980 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  C  e.  CC )
873ad2ant1 978 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  C  e.  CC )
9 nncn 9964 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( A  e.  NN  ->  A  e.  CC )
1093ad2ant1 978 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  ->  A  e.  CC )
11103ad2ant1 978 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  A  e.  CC )
128, 11addcld 9063 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  +  A )  e.  CC )
138, 11subcld 9367 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  ( C  -  A )  e.  CC )
14 2cn 10026 . . . . . 6  |-  2  e.  CC
15 2ne0 10039 . . . . . 6  |-  2  =/=  0
1614, 15pm3.2i 442 . . . . 5  |-  ( 2  e.  CC  /\  2  =/=  0 )
17 divdir 9657 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( C  +  A
)  e.  CC  /\  ( C  -  A
)  e.  CC  /\  ( 2  e.  CC  /\  2  =/=  0 ) )  ->  ( (
( C  +  A
)  +  ( C  -  A ) )  /  2 )  =  ( ( ( C  +  A )  / 
2 )  +  ( ( C  -  A
)  /  2 ) ) )
1816, 17mp3an3 1268 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( C  +  A
)  e.  CC  /\  ( C  -  A
)  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( ( C  +  A )  +  ( C  -  A ) )  / 
2 )  =  ( ( ( C  +  A )  /  2
)  +  ( ( C  -  A )  /  2 ) ) )
1912, 13, 18syl2anc 643 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( C  +  A )  +  ( C  -  A ) )  /  2 )  =  ( ( ( C  +  A )  /  2 )  +  ( ( C  -  A )  /  2
) ) )
205, 19eqtr4d 2439 . 2  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( M ^ 2 )  +  ( N ^ 2 ) )  =  ( ( ( C  +  A )  +  ( C  -  A ) )  / 
2 ) )
218, 11, 8ppncand 9407 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  +  A
)  +  ( C  -  A ) )  =  ( C  +  C ) )
2282timesd 10166 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
2  x.  C )  =  ( C  +  C ) )
2321, 22eqtr4d 2439 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( C  +  A
)  +  ( C  -  A ) )  =  ( 2  x.  C ) )
2423oveq1d 6055 . 2  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( ( C  +  A )  +  ( C  -  A ) )  /  2 )  =  ( ( 2  x.  C )  / 
2 ) )
25 divcan3 9658 . . . 4  |-  ( ( C  e.  CC  /\  2  e.  CC  /\  2  =/=  0 )  ->  (
( 2  x.  C
)  /  2 )  =  C )
2614, 15, 25mp3an23 1271 . . 3  |-  ( C  e.  CC  ->  (
( 2  x.  C
)  /  2 )  =  C )
278, 26syl 16 . 2  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  (
( 2  x.  C
)  /  2 )  =  C )
2820, 24, 273eqtrrd 2441 1  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  NN  /\  B  e.  NN  /\  C  e.  NN )  /\  ( ( A ^
2 )  +  ( B ^ 2 ) )  =  ( C ^ 2 )  /\  ( ( A  gcd  B )  =  1  /\ 
-.  2  ||  A
) )  ->  C  =  ( ( M ^ 2 )  +  ( N ^ 2 ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    /\ wa 359    /\ w3a 936    = wceq 1649    e. wcel 1721    =/= wne 2567   class class class wbr 4172   ` cfv 5413  (class class class)co 6040   CCcc 8944   0cc0 8946   1c1 8947    + caddc 8949    x. cmul 8951    - cmin 9247    / cdiv 9633   NNcn 9956   2c2 10005   ^cexp 11337   sqrcsqr 11993    || cdivides 12807    gcd cgcd 12961
This theorem is referenced by:  pythagtriplem18  13161
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1552  ax-5 1563  ax-17 1623  ax-9 1662  ax-8 1683  ax-13 1723  ax-14 1725  ax-6 1740  ax-7 1745  ax-11 1757  ax-12 1946  ax-ext 2385  ax-sep 4290  ax-nul 4298  ax-pow 4337  ax-pr 4363  ax-un 4660  ax-cnex 9002  ax-resscn 9003  ax-1cn 9004  ax-icn 9005  ax-addcl 9006  ax-addrcl 9007  ax-mulcl 9008  ax-mulrcl 9009  ax-mulcom 9010  ax-addass 9011  ax-mulass 9012  ax-distr 9013  ax-i2m1 9014  ax-1ne0 9015  ax-1rid 9016  ax-rnegex 9017  ax-rrecex 9018  ax-cnre 9019  ax-pre-lttri 9020  ax-pre-lttrn 9021  ax-pre-ltadd 9022  ax-pre-mulgt0 9023  ax-pre-sup 9024
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 178  df-or 360  df-an 361  df-3or 937  df-3an 938  df-tru 1325  df-ex 1548  df-nf 1551  df-sb 1656  df-eu 2258  df-mo 2259  df-clab 2391  df-cleq 2397  df-clel 2400  df-nfc 2529  df-ne 2569  df-nel 2570  df-ral 2671  df-rex 2672  df-reu 2673  df-rmo 2674  df-rab 2675  df-v 2918  df-sbc 3122  df-csb 3212  df-dif 3283  df-un 3285  df-in 3287  df-ss 3294  df-pss 3296  df-nul 3589  df-if 3700  df-pw 3761  df-sn 3780  df-pr 3781  df-tp 3782  df-op 3783  df-uni 3976  df-iun 4055  df-br 4173  df-opab 4227  df-mpt 4228  df-tr 4263  df-eprel 4454  df-id 4458  df-po 4463  df-so 4464  df-fr 4501  df-we 4503  df-ord 4544  df-on 4545  df-lim 4546  df-suc 4547  df-om 4805  df-xp 4843  df-rel 4844  df-cnv 4845  df-co 4846  df-dm 4847  df-rn 4848  df-res 4849  df-ima 4850  df-iota 5377  df-fun 5415  df-fn 5416  df-f 5417  df-f1 5418  df-fo 5419  df-f1o 5420  df-fv 5421  df-ov 6043  df-oprab 6044  df-mpt2 6045  df-2nd 6309  df-riota 6508  df-recs 6592  df-rdg 6627  df-er 6864  df-en 7069  df-dom 7070  df-sdom 7071  df-sup 7404  df-pnf 9078  df-mnf 9079  df-xr 9080  df-ltxr 9081  df-le 9082  df-sub 9249  df-neg 9250  df-div 9634  df-nn 9957  df-2 10014  df-3 10015  df-n0 10178  df-z 10239  df-uz 10445  df-rp 10569  df-seq 11279  df-exp 11338  df-cj 11859  df-re 11860  df-im 11861  df-sqr 11995  df-abs 11996
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