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Theorem pm54.43 8424
Description: Theorem *54.43 of [WhiteheadRussell] p. 360. "From this proposition it will follow, when arithmetical addition has been defined, that 1+1=2." See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principia_Mathematica#Quotations. This theorem states that two sets of cardinality 1 are disjoint iff their union has cardinality 2.

Whitehead and Russell define 1 as the collection of all sets with cardinality 1 (i.e. all singletons; see card1 8392), so that their  A  e.  1 means, in our notation,  A  e.  { x  |  (
card `  x )  =  1o } which is the same as  A  ~~  1o by pm54.43lem 8423. We do not have several of their earlier lemmas available (which would otherwise be unused by our different approach to arithmetic), so our proof is longer. (It is also longer because we must show every detail.)

Theorem pm110.643 8596 shows the derivation of 1+1=2 for cardinal numbers from this theorem. (Contributed by NM, 4-Apr-2007.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
pm54.43  |-  ( ( A  ~~  1o  /\  B  ~~  1o )  -> 
( ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/)  <->  ( A  u.  B )  ~~  2o ) )

Proof of Theorem pm54.43
Dummy variables  x  y are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 1on 7188 . . . . . . . 8  |-  1o  e.  On
21elexi 3088 . . . . . . 7  |-  1o  e.  _V
32ensn1 7631 . . . . . 6  |-  { 1o }  ~~  1o
43ensymi 7617 . . . . 5  |-  1o  ~~  { 1o }
5 entr 7619 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( B  ~~  1o  /\  1o  ~~  { 1o }
)  ->  B  ~~  { 1o } )
64, 5mpan2 675 . . . 4  |-  ( B 
~~  1o  ->  B  ~~  { 1o } )
71onirri 5539 . . . . . . 7  |-  -.  1o  e.  1o
8 disjsn 4054 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( 1o  i^i  { 1o } )  =  (/)  <->  -.  1o  e.  1o )
97, 8mpbir 212 . . . . . 6  |-  ( 1o 
i^i  { 1o } )  =  (/)
10 unen 7650 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  ~~  1o  /\  B  ~~  { 1o } )  /\  (
( A  i^i  B
)  =  (/)  /\  ( 1o  i^i  { 1o }
)  =  (/) ) )  ->  ( A  u.  B )  ~~  ( 1o  u.  { 1o }
) )
119, 10mpanr2 688 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  ~~  1o  /\  B  ~~  { 1o } )  /\  ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/) )  ->  ( A  u.  B )  ~~  ( 1o  u.  { 1o } ) )
1211ex 435 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  ~~  1o  /\  B  ~~  { 1o }
)  ->  ( ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/)  ->  ( A  u.  B )  ~~  ( 1o  u.  { 1o }
) ) )
136, 12sylan2 476 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  ~~  1o  /\  B  ~~  1o )  -> 
( ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/)  ->  ( A  u.  B )  ~~  ( 1o  u.  { 1o } ) ) )
14 df-2o 7182 . . . . 5  |-  2o  =  suc  1o
15 df-suc 5439 . . . . 5  |-  suc  1o  =  ( 1o  u.  { 1o } )
1614, 15eqtri 2449 . . . 4  |-  2o  =  ( 1o  u.  { 1o } )
1716breq2i 4425 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  u.  B ) 
~~  2o  <->  ( A  u.  B )  ~~  ( 1o  u.  { 1o }
) )
1813, 17syl6ibr 230 . 2  |-  ( ( A  ~~  1o  /\  B  ~~  1o )  -> 
( ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/)  ->  ( A  u.  B )  ~~  2o ) )
19 en1 7634 . . 3  |-  ( A 
~~  1o  <->  E. x  A  =  { x } )
20 en1 7634 . . 3  |-  ( B 
~~  1o  <->  E. y  B  =  { y } )
21 unidm 3606 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( { x }  u.  {
x } )  =  { x }
22 sneq 4003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  { x }  =  { y } )
2322uneq2d 3617 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  ( { x }  u.  { x } )  =  ( { x }  u.  { y } ) )
2421, 23syl5reqr 2476 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  ( { x }  u.  { y } )  =  { x } )
25 vex 3081 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15  |-  x  e. 
_V
2625ensn1 7631 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  { x }  ~~  1o
27 1sdom2 7768 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  1o  ~<  2o
28 ensdomtr 7705 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14  |-  ( ( { x }  ~~  1o  /\  1o  ~<  2o )  ->  { x }  ~<  2o )
2926, 27, 28mp2an 676 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  { x }  ~<  2o
3024, 29syl6eqbr 4454 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  ( { x }  u.  { y } )  ~<  2o )
31 sdomnen 7596 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( { x }  u.  { y } )  ~<  2o  ->  -.  ( {
x }  u.  {
y } )  ~~  2o )
3230, 31syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  -.  ( { x }  u.  { y } )  ~~  2o )
3332necon2ai 2657 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( { x }  u.  { y } )  ~~  2o  ->  x  =/=  y
)
34 disjsn2 4055 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( x  =/=  y  ->  ( { x }  i^i  { y } )  =  (/) )
3533, 34syl 17 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( { x }  u.  { y } )  ~~  2o  ->  ( { x }  i^i  { y } )  =  (/) )
3635a1i 11 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  =  { x }  /\  B  =  {
y } )  -> 
( ( { x }  u.  { y } )  ~~  2o  ->  ( { x }  i^i  { y } )  =  (/) ) )
37 uneq12 3612 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  =  { x }  /\  B  =  {
y } )  -> 
( A  u.  B
)  =  ( { x }  u.  {
y } ) )
3837breq1d 4427 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  =  { x }  /\  B  =  {
y } )  -> 
( ( A  u.  B )  ~~  2o  <->  ( { x }  u.  { y } )  ~~  2o ) )
39 ineq12 3656 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  =  { x }  /\  B  =  {
y } )  -> 
( A  i^i  B
)  =  ( { x }  i^i  {
y } ) )
4039eqeq1d 2422 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  =  { x }  /\  B  =  {
y } )  -> 
( ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/)  <->  ( {
x }  i^i  {
y } )  =  (/) ) )
4136, 38, 403imtr4d 271 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  =  { x }  /\  B  =  {
y } )  -> 
( ( A  u.  B )  ~~  2o  ->  ( A  i^i  B
)  =  (/) ) )
4241ex 435 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  =  { x }  ->  ( B  =  {
y }  ->  (
( A  u.  B
)  ~~  2o  ->  ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/) ) ) )
4342exlimdv 1768 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  =  { x }  ->  ( E. y  B  =  { y }  ->  ( ( A  u.  B )  ~~  2o  ->  ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/) ) ) )
4443exlimiv 1766 . . . 4  |-  ( E. x  A  =  {
x }  ->  ( E. y  B  =  { y }  ->  ( ( A  u.  B
)  ~~  2o  ->  ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/) ) ) )
4544imp 430 . . 3  |-  ( ( E. x  A  =  { x }  /\  E. y  B  =  {
y } )  -> 
( ( A  u.  B )  ~~  2o  ->  ( A  i^i  B
)  =  (/) ) )
4619, 20, 45syl2anb 481 . 2  |-  ( ( A  ~~  1o  /\  B  ~~  1o )  -> 
( ( A  u.  B )  ~~  2o  ->  ( A  i^i  B
)  =  (/) ) )
4718, 46impbid 193 1  |-  ( ( A  ~~  1o  /\  B  ~~  1o )  -> 
( ( A  i^i  B )  =  (/)  <->  ( A  u.  B )  ~~  2o ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    <-> wb 187    /\ wa 370    = wceq 1437   E.wex 1659    e. wcel 1867    =/= wne 2616    u. cun 3431    i^i cin 3432   (/)c0 3758   {csn 3993   class class class wbr 4417   Oncon0 5433   suc csuc 5435   1oc1o 7174   2oc2o 7175    ~~ cen 7565    ~< csdm 7567
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1665  ax-4 1678  ax-5 1748  ax-6 1794  ax-7 1838  ax-8 1869  ax-9 1871  ax-10 1886  ax-11 1891  ax-12 1904  ax-13 2052  ax-ext 2398  ax-sep 4539  ax-nul 4547  ax-pow 4594  ax-pr 4652  ax-un 6588
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 188  df-or 371  df-an 372  df-3or 983  df-3an 984  df-tru 1440  df-ex 1660  df-nf 1664  df-sb 1787  df-eu 2267  df-mo 2268  df-clab 2406  df-cleq 2412  df-clel 2415  df-nfc 2570  df-ne 2618  df-ral 2778  df-rex 2779  df-reu 2780  df-rab 2782  df-v 3080  df-sbc 3297  df-dif 3436  df-un 3438  df-in 3440  df-ss 3447  df-pss 3449  df-nul 3759  df-if 3907  df-pw 3978  df-sn 3994  df-pr 3996  df-tp 3998  df-op 4000  df-uni 4214  df-br 4418  df-opab 4476  df-tr 4512  df-eprel 4756  df-id 4760  df-po 4766  df-so 4767  df-fr 4804  df-we 4806  df-xp 4851  df-rel 4852  df-cnv 4853  df-co 4854  df-dm 4855  df-rn 4856  df-res 4857  df-ima 4858  df-ord 5436  df-on 5437  df-lim 5438  df-suc 5439  df-iota 5556  df-fun 5594  df-fn 5595  df-f 5596  df-f1 5597  df-fo 5598  df-f1o 5599  df-fv 5600  df-om 6698  df-1o 7181  df-2o 7182  df-er 7362  df-en 7569  df-dom 7570  df-sdom 7571
This theorem is referenced by:  pr2nelem  8425  pm110.643  8596  isprm2lem  14591
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