MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  mulcand Unicode version

Theorem mulcand 9611
Description: Cancellation law for multiplication. Theorem I.7 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jan-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
mulcand.1  |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )
mulcand.2  |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )
mulcand.3  |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )
mulcand.4  |-  ( ph  ->  C  =/=  0 )
Assertion
Ref Expression
mulcand  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( C  x.  A )  =  ( C  x.  B )  <-> 
A  =  B ) )

Proof of Theorem mulcand
Dummy variable  x is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 mulcand.3 . . . 4  |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )
2 mulcand.4 . . . 4  |-  ( ph  ->  C  =/=  0 )
3 recex 9610 . . . 4  |-  ( ( C  e.  CC  /\  C  =/=  0 )  ->  E. x  e.  CC  ( C  x.  x
)  =  1 )
41, 2, 3syl2anc 643 . . 3  |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  CC  ( C  x.  x
)  =  1 )
5 oveq2 6048 . . . 4  |-  ( ( C  x.  A )  =  ( C  x.  B )  ->  (
x  x.  ( C  x.  A ) )  =  ( x  x.  ( C  x.  B
) ) )
6 simprl 733 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  ->  x  e.  CC )
71adantr 452 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  ->  C  e.  CC )
86, 7mulcomd 9065 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( x  x.  C
)  =  ( C  x.  x ) )
9 simprr 734 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( C  x.  x
)  =  1 )
108, 9eqtrd 2436 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( x  x.  C
)  =  1 )
1110oveq1d 6055 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( ( x  x.  C )  x.  A
)  =  ( 1  x.  A ) )
12 mulcand.1 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )
1312adantr 452 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  ->  A  e.  CC )
146, 7, 13mulassd 9067 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( ( x  x.  C )  x.  A
)  =  ( x  x.  ( C  x.  A ) ) )
1513mulid2d 9062 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( 1  x.  A
)  =  A )
1611, 14, 153eqtr3d 2444 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( x  x.  ( C  x.  A )
)  =  A )
1710oveq1d 6055 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( ( x  x.  C )  x.  B
)  =  ( 1  x.  B ) )
18 mulcand.2 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )
1918adantr 452 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  ->  B  e.  CC )
206, 7, 19mulassd 9067 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( ( x  x.  C )  x.  B
)  =  ( x  x.  ( C  x.  B ) ) )
2119mulid2d 9062 . . . . . 6  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( 1  x.  B
)  =  B )
2217, 20, 213eqtr3d 2444 . . . . 5  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( x  x.  ( C  x.  B )
)  =  B )
2316, 22eqeq12d 2418 . . . 4  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( ( x  x.  ( C  x.  A
) )  =  ( x  x.  ( C  x.  B ) )  <-> 
A  =  B ) )
245, 23syl5ib 211 . . 3  |-  ( (
ph  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( C  x.  x )  =  1 ) )  -> 
( ( C  x.  A )  =  ( C  x.  B )  ->  A  =  B ) )
254, 24rexlimddv 2794 . 2  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( C  x.  A )  =  ( C  x.  B )  ->  A  =  B ) )
26 oveq2 6048 . 2  |-  ( A  =  B  ->  ( C  x.  A )  =  ( C  x.  B ) )
2725, 26impbid1 195 1  |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( C  x.  A )  =  ( C  x.  B )  <-> 
A  =  B ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    <-> wb 177    /\ wa 359    = wceq 1649    e. wcel 1721    =/= wne 2567   E.wrex 2667  (class class class)co 6040   CCcc 8944   0cc0 8946   1c1 8947    x. cmul 8951
This theorem is referenced by:  mulcan2d  9612  mulcanad  9613  mulcan  9615  div11  9660  eqneg  9690  qredeq  13061  prmirredlem  16728  tanarg  20467  quad2  20632  atandm2  20670  lgseisenlem2  21087  frgregordn0  28173
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1552  ax-5 1563  ax-17 1623  ax-9 1662  ax-8 1683  ax-13 1723  ax-14 1725  ax-6 1740  ax-7 1745  ax-11 1757  ax-12 1946  ax-ext 2385  ax-sep 4290  ax-nul 4298  ax-pow 4337  ax-pr 4363  ax-un 4660  ax-resscn 9003  ax-1cn 9004  ax-icn 9005  ax-addcl 9006  ax-addrcl 9007  ax-mulcl 9008  ax-mulrcl 9009  ax-mulcom 9010  ax-addass 9011  ax-mulass 9012  ax-distr 9013  ax-i2m1 9014  ax-1ne0 9015  ax-1rid 9016  ax-rnegex 9017  ax-rrecex 9018  ax-cnre 9019  ax-pre-lttri 9020  ax-pre-lttrn 9021  ax-pre-ltadd 9022  ax-pre-mulgt0 9023
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 178  df-or 360  df-an 361  df-3or 937  df-3an 938  df-tru 1325  df-ex 1548  df-nf 1551  df-sb 1656  df-eu 2258  df-mo 2259  df-clab 2391  df-cleq 2397  df-clel 2400  df-nfc 2529  df-ne 2569  df-nel 2570  df-ral 2671  df-rex 2672  df-reu 2673  df-rab 2675  df-v 2918  df-sbc 3122  df-csb 3212  df-dif 3283  df-un 3285  df-in 3287  df-ss 3294  df-nul 3589  df-if 3700  df-pw 3761  df-sn 3780  df-pr 3781  df-op 3783  df-uni 3976  df-br 4173  df-opab 4227  df-mpt 4228  df-id 4458  df-po 4463  df-so 4464  df-xp 4843  df-rel 4844  df-cnv 4845  df-co 4846  df-dm 4847  df-rn 4848  df-res 4849  df-ima 4850  df-iota 5377  df-fun 5415  df-fn 5416  df-f 5417  df-f1 5418  df-fo 5419  df-f1o 5420  df-fv 5421  df-ov 6043  df-oprab 6044  df-mpt2 6045  df-riota 6508  df-er 6864  df-en 7069  df-dom 7070  df-sdom 7071  df-pnf 9078  df-mnf 9079  df-xr 9080  df-ltxr 9081  df-le 9082  df-sub 9249  df-neg 9250
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator