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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 9601-9700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Axiomax-addf 9601 Addition is an operation on the complex numbers. This deprecated axiom is provided for historical compatibility but is not a bona fide axiom for complex numbers (independent of set theory) since it cannot be interpreted as a first- or second-order statement (see http://us.metamath.org/downloads/schmidt-cnaxioms.pdf). It may be deleted in the future and should be avoided for new theorems. Instead, the less specific addcl 9604 should be used. Note that uses of ax-addf 9601 can be eliminated by using the defined operation  ( x  e.  CC ,  y  e.  CC  |->  ( x  +  y ) ) in place of  +, from which this axiom (with the defined operation in place of  +) follows as a theorem.

This axiom is justified by theorem axaddf 9552. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2004.)

 |- 
 +  : ( CC 
 X.  CC ) --> CC
 
Axiomax-mulf 9602 Multiplication is an operation on the complex numbers. This deprecated axiom is provided for historical compatibility but is not a bona fide axiom for complex numbers (independent of set theory) since it cannot be interpreted as a first- or second-order statement (see http://us.metamath.org/downloads/schmidt-cnaxioms.pdf). It may be deleted in the future and should be avoided for new theorems. Instead, the less specific ax-mulcl 9584 should be used. Note that uses of ax-mulf 9602 can be eliminated by using the defined operation  ( x  e.  CC ,  y  e.  CC  |->  ( x  x.  y ) ) in place of  x., from which this axiom (with the defined operation in place of  x.) follows as a theorem.

This axiom is justified by theorem axmulf 9553. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2004.)

 |- 
 x.  : ( CC 
 X.  CC ) --> CC
 
5.2  Derive the basic properties from the field axioms
 
5.2.1  Some deductions from the field axioms for complex numbers
 
Theoremcnex 9603 Alias for ax-cnex 9578. See also cnexALT 11261. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2014.)
 |- 
 CC  e.  _V
 
Theoremaddcl 9604 Alias for ax-addcl 9582, for naming consistency with addcli 9630. Use this theorem instead of ax-addcl 9582 or axaddcl 9558. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremreaddcl 9605 Alias for ax-addrcl 9583, for naming consistency with readdcli 9639. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremmulcl 9606 Alias for ax-mulcl 9584, for naming consistency with mulcli 9631. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremremulcl 9607 Alias for ax-mulrcl 9585, for naming consistency with remulcli 9640. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremmulcom 9608 Alias for ax-mulcom 9586, for naming consistency with mulcomi 9632. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( B  x.  A ) )
 
Theoremaddass 9609 Alias for ax-addass 9587, for naming consistency with addassi 9634. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( A  +  ( B  +  C ) ) )
 
Theoremmulass 9610 Alias for ax-mulass 9588, for naming consistency with mulassi 9635. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremadddi 9611 Alias for ax-distr 9589, for naming consistency with adddii 9636. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  ( B  +  C )
 )  =  ( ( A  x.  B )  +  ( A  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremrecn 9612 A real number is a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-1999.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  e.  CC )
 
Theoremreex 9613 The real numbers form a set. See also reexALT 11259. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2014.)
 |- 
 RR  e.  _V
 
Theoremreelprrecn 9614 Reals are a subset of the pair of real and complex numbers (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
 |- 
 RR  e.  { RR ,  CC }
 
Theoremcnelprrecn 9615 Complex numbers are a subset of the pair of real and complex numbers (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
 |- 
 CC  e.  { RR ,  CC }
 
Theoremelimne0 9616 Hypothesis for weak deduction theorem to eliminate  A  =/=  0. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1999.)
 |- 
 if ( A  =/=  0 ,  A , 
 1 )  =/=  0
 
Theoremadddir 9617 Distributive law for complex numbers (right-distributivity). (Contributed by NM, 10-Oct-2004.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  +  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theorem0cn 9618 0 is a complex number. See also 0cnALT 9845. (Contributed by NM, 19-Feb-2005.)
 |-  0  e.  CC
 
Theorem0cnd 9619 0 is a complex number, deductive form. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  0  e.  CC )
 
Theoremc0ex 9620 0 is a set (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 7-Jul-2016.)
 |-  0  e.  _V
 
Theorem1ex 9621 1 is a set. Common special case. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 7-Jul-2016.)
 |-  1  e.  _V
 
Theoremcnre 9622* Alias for ax-cnre 9595, for naming consistency. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  E. x  e.  RR  E. y  e.  RR  A  =  ( x  +  ( _i  x.  y ) ) )
 
Theoremmulid1 9623  1 is an identity element for multiplication. Based on ideas by Eric Schmidt. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  x.  1
 )  =  A )
 
Theoremmulid2 9624 Identity law for multiplication. Note: see mulid1 9623 for commuted version. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( 1  x.  A )  =  A )
 
Theorem1re 9625  1 is a real number. This used to be one of our postulates for complex numbers, but Eric Schmidt discovered that it could be derived from a weaker postulate, ax-1cn 9580, by exploiting properties of the imaginary unit  _i. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 11-Apr-2007.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  1  e.  RR
 
Theorem0re 9626  0 is a real number. See also 0reALT 9953. (Contributed by Eric Schmidt, 21-May-2007.) (Revised by Scott Fenton, 3-Jan-2013.)
 |-  0  e.  RR
 
Theorem0red 9627  0 is a real number, deductive form. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 6-Dec-2018.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  0  e.  RR )
 
Theoremmulid1i 9628 Identity law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  1 )  =  A
 
Theoremmulid2i 9629 Identity law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( 1  x.  A )  =  A
 
Theoremaddcli 9630 Closure law for addition. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  +  B )  e.  CC
 
Theoremmulcli 9631 Closure law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  B )  e.  CC
 
Theoremmulcomi 9632 Commutative law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( B  x.  A )
 
Theoremmulcomli 9633 Commutative law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  ( A  x.  B )  =  C   =>    |-  ( B  x.  A )  =  C
 
Theoremaddassi 9634 Associative law for addition. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( A  +  ( B  +  C )
 )
 
Theoremmulassi 9635 Associative law for multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) )
 
Theoremadddii 9636 Distributive law (left-distributivity). (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-1994.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  ( A  x.  ( B  +  C ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  B )  +  ( A  x.  C ) )
 
Theoremadddiri 9637 Distributive law (right-distributivity). (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  CC   &    |-  B  e.  CC   &    |-  C  e.  CC   =>    |-  (
 ( A  +  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  +  ( B  x.  C ) )
 
Theoremrecni 9638 A real number is a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 1-Mar-1995.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   =>    |-  A  e.  CC
 
Theoremreaddcli 9639 Closure law for addition of reals. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   &    |-  B  e.  RR   =>    |-  ( A  +  B )  e.  RR
 
Theoremremulcli 9640 Closure law for multiplication of reals. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   &    |-  B  e.  RR   =>    |-  ( A  x.  B )  e.  RR
 
Theorem1red 9641 1 is an real number, deductive form (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 6-Dec-2018.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  1  e.  RR )
 
Theorem1cnd 9642 1 is a complex number, deductive form (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 6-Dec-2018.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  1  e.  CC )
 
Theoremmulid1d 9643 Identity law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  1 )  =  A )
 
Theoremmulid2d 9644 Identity law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 1  x.  A )  =  A )
 
Theoremaddcld 9645 Closure law for addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremmulcld 9646 Closure law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  CC )
 
Theoremmulcomd 9647 Commutative law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  B )  =  ( B  x.  A ) )
 
Theoremaddassd 9648 Associative law for addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  B )  +  C )  =  ( A  +  ( B  +  C )
 ) )
 
Theoremmulassd 9649 Associative law for multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  x.  B )  x.  C )  =  ( A  x.  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremadddid 9650 Distributive law (left-distributivity). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  ( B  +  C ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  B )  +  ( A  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremadddird 9651 Distributive law (right-distributivity). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( A  +  B )  x.  C )  =  ( ( A  x.  C )  +  ( B  x.  C ) ) )
 
Theoremrecnd 9652 Deduction from real number to complex number. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-1999.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  CC )
 
Theoremreaddcld 9653 Closure law for addition of reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  +  B )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremremulcld 9654 Closure law for multiplication of reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  x.  B )  e.  RR )
 
5.2.2  Infinity and the extended real number system
 
Syntaxcpnf 9655 Plus infinity.
 class +oo
 
Syntaxcmnf 9656 Minus infinity.
 class -oo
 
Syntaxcxr 9657 The set of extended reals (includes plus and minus infinity).
 class  RR*
 
Syntaxclt 9658 'Less than' predicate (extended to include the extended reals).
 class  <
 
Syntaxcle 9659 Extend wff notation to include the 'less than or equal to' relation.
 class  <_
 
Definitiondf-pnf 9660 Define plus infinity. Note that the definition is arbitrary, requiring only that +oo be a set not in  RR and different from -oo (df-mnf 9661). We use  ~P
U. CC to make it independent of the construction of  CC, and Cantor's Theorem will show that it is different from any member of 
CC and therefore  RR. See pnfnre 9665, mnfnre 9666, and pnfnemnf 11379.

A simpler possibility is to define +oo as  CC and -oo as  { CC }, but that approach requires the Axiom of Regularity to show that +oo and -oo are different from each other and from all members of  RR. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.) (New usage is discouraged.)

 |- +oo  =  ~P U. CC
 
Definitiondf-mnf 9661 Define minus infinity as the power set of plus infinity. Note that the definition is arbitrary, requiring only that -oo be a set not in  RR and different from +oo (see mnfnre 9666 and pnfnemnf 11379). (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |- -oo  =  ~P +oo
 
Definitiondf-xr 9662 Define the set of extended reals that includes plus and minus infinity. Definition 12-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 173. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  RR*  =  ( RR  u.  { +oo , -oo } )
 
Definitiondf-ltxr 9663* Define 'less than' on the set of extended reals. Definition 12-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 173. Note that in our postulates for complex numbers,  <RR is primitive and not necessarily a relation on  RR. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 <  =  ( { <. x ,  y >.  |  ( x  e.  RR  /\  y  e.  RR  /\  x  <RR  y ) }  u.  ( ( ( RR 
 u.  { -oo } )  X.  { +oo } )  u.  ( { -oo }  X.  RR ) ) )
 
Definitiondf-le 9664 Define 'less than or equal to' on the extended real subset of complex numbers. Theorem leloe 9702 relates it to 'less than' for reals. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 <_  =  ( ( RR*  X.  RR* )  \  `'  <  )
 
Theorempnfnre 9665 Plus infinity is not a real number. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |- +oo  e/  RR
 
Theoremmnfnre 9666 Minus infinity is not a real number. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |- -oo  e/  RR
 
Theoremressxr 9667 The standard reals are a subset of the extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 RR  C_  RR*
 
Theoremrexpssxrxp 9668 The Cartesian product of standard reals are a subset of the Cartesian product of extended reals (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
 |-  ( RR  X.  RR )  C_  ( RR*  X.  RR* )
 
Theoremrexr 9669 A standard real is an extended real. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  e.  RR* )
 
Theorem0xr 9670 Zero is an extended real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Jun-2014.)
 |-  0  e.  RR*
 
Theoremrenepnf 9671 No (finite) real equals plus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  =/= +oo )
 
Theoremrenemnf 9672 No real equals minus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( A  e.  RR  ->  A  =/= -oo )
 
Theoremrexrd 9673 A standard real is an extended real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR* )
 
Theoremrenepnfd 9674 No (finite) real equals plus infinity. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =/= +oo )
 
Theoremrenemnfd 9675 No real equals minus infinity. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  =/= -oo )
 
Theoremrexri 9676 A standard real is an extended real (inference form.) (Contributed by David Moews, 28-Feb-2017.)
 |-  A  e.  RR   =>    |-  A  e.  RR*
 
Theoremrenfdisj 9677 The reals and the infinities are disjoint. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( RR  i^i  { +oo , -oo } )  =  (/)
 
Theoremltrelxr 9678 'Less than' is a relation on extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 <  C_  ( RR*  X.  RR* )
 
Theoremltrel 9679 'Less than' is a relation. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
 |- 
 Rel  <
 
Theoremlerelxr 9680 'Less than or equal' is a relation on extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 <_  C_  ( RR*  X.  RR* )
 
Theoremlerel 9681 'Less or equal to' is a relation. (Contributed by FL, 2-Aug-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
 |- 
 Rel  <_
 
Theoremxrlenlt 9682 'Less than or equal to' expressed in terms of 'less than', for extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR*  /\  B  e.  RR* )  ->  ( A  <_  B  <->  -.  B  <  A ) )
 
Theoremxrltnle 9683 'Less than' expressed in terms of 'less than or equal to', for extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 6-Feb-2007.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR*  /\  B  e.  RR* )  ->  ( A  <  B  <->  -.  B  <_  A )
 )
 
Theoremxrnltled 9684 'Not less than ' implies 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Dec-2019.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR* )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  RR* )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  -.  B  <  A )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  A  <_  B )
 
Theoremssxr 9685 The three (non-exclusive) possibilities implied by a subset of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( A  C_  RR*  ->  ( A  C_  RR  \/ +oo 
 e.  A  \/ -oo  e.  A ) )
 
Theoremltxrlt 9686 The standard less-than  <RR and the extended real less-than  < are identical when restricted to the non-extended reals  RR. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <  B  <->  A  <RR  B ) )
 
5.2.3  Restate the ordering postulates with extended real "less than"
 
Theoremaxlttri 9687 Ordering on reals satisfies strict trichotomy. Axiom 18 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. (This restates ax-pre-lttri 9596 with ordering on the extended reals.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <  B  <->  -.  ( A  =  B  \/  B  <  A ) ) )
 
Theoremaxlttrn 9688 Ordering on reals is transitive. Axiom 19 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. This restates ax-pre-lttrn 9597 with ordering on the extended reals. New proofs should use lttr 9692 instead for naming consistency. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR  /\  C  e.  RR )  ->  ( ( A  <  B 
 /\  B  <  C )  ->  A  <  C ) )
 
Theoremaxltadd 9689 Ordering property of addition on reals. Axiom 20 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. (This restates ax-pre-ltadd 9598 with ordering on the extended reals.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR  /\  C  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <  B  ->  ( C  +  A )  <  ( C  +  B ) ) )
 
Theoremaxmulgt0 9690 The product of two positive reals is positive. Axiom 21 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. (This restates ax-pre-mulgt0 9599 with ordering on the extended reals.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( ( 0  <  A  /\  0  <  B )  ->  0  <  ( A  x.  B ) ) )
 
Theoremaxsup 9691* A nonempty, bounded-above set of reals has a supremum. Axiom 22 of 22 for real and complex numbers, derived from ZF set theory. (This restates ax-pre-sup 9600 with ordering on the extended reals.) (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  C_  RR  /\  A  =/=  (/)  /\  E. x  e.  RR  A. y  e.  A  y  <  x )  ->  E. x  e.  RR  ( A. y  e.  A  -.  x  <  y  /\  A. y  e.  RR  (
 y  <  x  ->  E. z  e.  A  y  <  z ) ) )
 
5.2.4  Ordering on reals
 
Theoremlttr 9692 Alias for axlttrn 9688, for naming consistency with lttri 9742. New proofs should generally use this instead of ax-pre-lttrn 9597. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR  /\  C  e.  RR )  ->  ( ( A  <  B 
 /\  B  <  C )  ->  A  <  C ) )
 
Theoremmulgt0 9693 The product of two positive numbers is positive. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2008.)
 |-  ( ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  0  <  A )  /\  ( B  e.  RR  /\  0  <  B ) )  -> 
 0  <  ( A  x.  B ) )
 
Theoremlenlt 9694 'Less than or equal to' expressed in terms of 'less than'. (Contributed by NM, 13-May-1999.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <_  B  <->  -.  B  <  A ) )
 
Theoremltnle 9695 'Less than' expressed in terms of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jul-2005.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <  B  <->  -.  B  <_  A )
 )
 
Theoremltso 9696 'Less than' is a strict ordering. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-1997.)
 |- 
 <  Or  RR
 
Theoremgtso 9697 'Greater than' is a strict ordering. (Contributed by JJ, 11-Oct-2018.)
 |-  `'  <  Or  RR
 
Theoremlttri2 9698 Consequence of trichotomy. (Contributed by NM, 9-Oct-1999.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  =/=  B  <-> 
 ( A  <  B  \/  B  <  A ) ) )
 
Theoremlttri3 9699 Trichotomy law for 'less than'. (Contributed by NM, 5-May-1999.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  =  B 
 <->  ( -.  A  <  B 
 /\  -.  B  <  A ) ) )
 
Theoremlttri4 9700 Trichotomy law for 'less than'. (Contributed by NM, 20-Sep-2007.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( A  <  B  \/  A  =  B  \/  B  <  A ) )
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