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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 34501-34600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Definitiondf-lpolN 34501* Define the set of all polarities of a left module or left vector space. A polarity is a kind of complementation operation on a subspace. The double polarity of a subspace is a closure operation. Based on Definition 3.2 of [Holland95] p. 214 for projective geometry polarities. For convenience, we open up the domain to include all vector subsets and not just subspaces, but any more restricted polarity can be converted to this one by taking the span of its argument. (Contributed by NM, 24-Nov-2014.)
 |- LPol  =  ( w  e.  _V  |->  { o  e.  ( (
 LSubSp `  w )  ^m  ~P ( Base `  w )
 )  |  ( ( o `  ( Base `  w ) )  =  { ( 0g `  w ) }  /\  A. x A. y ( ( x  C_  ( Base `  w )  /\  y  C_  ( Base `  w )  /\  x  C_  y
 )  ->  ( o `  y )  C_  (
 o `  x )
 )  /\  A. x  e.  (LSAtoms `  w )
 ( ( o `  x )  e.  (LSHyp `  w )  /\  (
 o `  ( o `  x ) )  =  x ) ) }
 )
 
TheoremlpolsetN 34502* The set of polarities of a left module or left vector space. (Contributed by NM, 24-Nov-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  W )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  W )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  W )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  W )   &    |-  H  =  (LSHyp `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  W )   =>    |-  ( W  e.  X  ->  P  =  { o  e.  ( S  ^m  ~P V )  |  (
 ( o `  V )  =  {  .0.  } 
 /\  A. x A. y
 ( ( x  C_  V  /\  y  C_  V  /\  x  C_  y ) 
 ->  ( o `  y
 )  C_  ( o `  x ) )  /\  A. x  e.  A  ( ( o `  x )  e.  H  /\  ( o `  (
 o `  x )
 )  =  x ) ) } )
 
TheoremislpolN 34503* The predicate "is a polarity". (Contributed by NM, 24-Nov-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  W )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  W )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  W )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  W )   &    |-  H  =  (LSHyp `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  W )   =>    |-  ( W  e.  X  ->  (  ._|_  e.  P  <->  ( 
 ._|_  : ~P V --> S  /\  ( (  ._|_  `  V )  =  {  .0.  } 
 /\  A. x A. y
 ( ( x  C_  V  /\  y  C_  V  /\  x  C_  y ) 
 ->  (  ._|_  `  y
 )  C_  (  ._|_  `  x ) )  /\  A. x  e.  A  ( (  ._|_  `  x )  e.  H  /\  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  x ) )  =  x ) ) ) ) )
 
TheoremislpoldN 34504* Properties that determine a polarity. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  W )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  W )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  W )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  W )   &    |-  H  =  (LSHyp `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  W )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  W  e.  X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  : ~P V --> S )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  V )  =  {  .0.  } )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  ( x 
 C_  V  /\  y  C_  V  /\  x  C_  y ) )  ->  (  ._|_  `  y )  C_  (  ._|_  `  x ) )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A ) 
 ->  (  ._|_  `  x )  e.  H )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  x ) )  =  x )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  e.  P )
 
TheoremlpolfN 34505 Functionality of a polarity. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  W )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  W )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  W  e.  X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  e.  P )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  : ~P V
 --> S )
 
TheoremlpolvN 34506 The polarity of the whole space is the zero subspace. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  W )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  W )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  W  e.  X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  e.  P )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  V )  =  {  .0.  } )
 
TheoremlpolconN 34507 Contraposition property of a polarity. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  W )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  W  e.  X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  e.  P )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  C_  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y 
 C_  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  C_  Y )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  Y )  C_  (  ._|_  `  X )
 )
 
TheoremlpolsatN 34508 The polarity of an atomic subspace is a hyperplane. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  W )   &    |-  H  =  (LSHyp `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  W )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  W  e.  X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  e.  P )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Q  e.  A )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  Q )  e.  H )
 
TheoremlpolpolsatN 34509 Property of a polarity. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  W )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  W  e.  X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  e.  P )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Q  e.  A )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  Q ) )  =  Q )
 
TheoremdochpolN 34510 The subspace orthocomplement for the  DVecH vector space is a polarity. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  P  =  (LPol `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ._|_  e.  P )
 
Theoremlcfl1lem 34511* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 28-Dec-2014.)
 |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   =>    |-  ( G  e.  C 
 <->  ( G  e.  F  /\  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) ) )  =  ( L `  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl1 34512* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-2014.)
 |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) ) )  =  ( L `  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl2 34513* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  G ) ) )  =/=  V  \/  ( L `  G )  =  V ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl3 34514* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) )  e.  A  \/  ( L `  G )  =  V )
 ) )
 
Theoremlcfl4N 34515* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2015.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  Y  =  (LSHyp `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  G ) ) )  e.  Y  \/  ( L `  G )  =  V ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl5 34516* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( DIsoH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( L `  G )  e.  ran  I ) )
 
Theoremlcfl5a 34517 Property of a functional with a closed kernel. TODO: Make lcfl5 34516 etc. obsolete and rewrite w/out 
C hypothesis? (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( DIsoH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) ) )  =  ( L `  G ) 
 <->  ( L `  G )  e.  ran  I ) )
 
Theoremlcfl6lem 34518* Lemma for lcfl6 34520. A functional  G (whose kernel is closed by dochsnkr 34492) is comletely determined by a vector  X in the orthocomplement in its kernel at which the functional value is 1. Note that the  \  {  .0.  } in the  X hypothesis is redundant by the last hypothesis but allows easier use of other theorems. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .1.  =  ( 1r `  S )   &    |-  R  =  (
 Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) )  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G `  X )  =  .1.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G  =  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  X )
 ) ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl7lem 34519* Lemma for lcfl7N 34521. If two functionals  G and  J are equal, they are determined by the same vector. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  G  =  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  X )
 ) ) )   &    |-  J  =  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { Y }
 ) v  =  ( w  .+  ( k 
 .x.  Y ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  =  J )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  X  =  Y )
 
Theoremlcfl6 34520* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. Note that  ( L `  G )  =  V means the functional is zero by lkr0f 32112. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  C  =  {
 f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( ( L `
  G )  =  V  \/  E. x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) G  =  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x }
 ) v  =  ( w  .+  ( k 
 .x.  x ) ) ) ) ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl7N 34521* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. Every nonzero functional is determined by a unique nonzero vector. Note that  ( L `  G )  =  V means the functional is zero by lkr0f 32112. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2015.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  C  =  {
 f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( ( L `
  G )  =  V  \/  E! x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) G  =  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x }
 ) v  =  ( w  .+  ( k 
 .x.  x ) ) ) ) ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl8 34522* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  E. x  e.  V  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl8a 34523* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) ) )  =  ( L `  G ) 
 <-> 
 E. x  e.  V  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfl8b 34524* Property of a nonzero functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 4-Feb-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Y  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  ( C  \  { Y } ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) )  =  ( N `  { x }
 ) )
 
Theoremlcfl9a 34525 Property implying that a functional has a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 )  C_  ( L `  G ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) ) )  =  ( L `
  G ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem1 34526* The set of functionals having closed kernels is closed under scalar product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Dec-2014.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  R  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  B  =  ( Base `  R )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  B )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( X  .x.  G )  e.  C )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2a 34527 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Use lshpat 32074 to show that the intersection of a hyperplane with a noncomparable sum of atoms is an atom. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  ` 
 { X } )  =/=  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( ( N `  { X } )  .(+)  ( N `  { Y } ) )  i^i  (  ._|_  `  { B } ) )  e.  A )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2b 34528 Lemma for lclkr 34553. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  ` 
 { X } )  =/=  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B } ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( (
 ( N `  { X } )  .(+)  ( N `
  { Y }
 ) )  i^i  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) )  e.  A )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2c 34529 Lemma for lclkr 34553. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  ` 
 { X } )  =/=  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B } ) ) )   &    |-  J  =  (LSHyp `  U )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( (  ._|_  `  { X } )  i^i  (  ._|_  ` 
 { Y } )
 )  .(+)  ( N `  { B } ) )  e.  J )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2d 34530 Lemma for lclkr 34553. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  ` 
 { X } )  =/=  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B } ) ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( DIsoH `  K ) `  W )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( (  ._|_  `  { X } )  i^i  (  ._|_  ` 
 { Y } )
 )  .(+)  ( N `  { B } ) )  e.  ran  I )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2e 34531 Lemma for lclkr 34553. The kernel of the sum is closed when the kernels of the summands are equal and closed. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  ( L `  G ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2f 34532 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Construct a closed hyperplane under the kernel of the sum. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |- 
 .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  (
 LSpan `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  J  =  (LSHyp `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E 
 .+  G ) `  B )  =  Q )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  ` 
 { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =/=  ( L `  G ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) )  e.  J )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( ( L `  E )  i^i  ( L `
  G ) ) 
 .(+)  ( N `  { B } ) )  C_  ( L `  ( E 
 .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2g 34533 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Comparable hyperplanes are equal, so the kernel of the sum is closed. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |- 
 .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  (
 LSpan `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  J  =  (LSHyp `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E 
 .+  G ) `  B )  =  Q )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  ` 
 { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =/=  ( L `  G ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) )  e.  J )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2h 34534 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Eliminate the  ( L `  ( E 
.+  G ) )  e.  J hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |- 
 .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  (
 LSpan `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  J  =  (LSHyp `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E 
 .+  G ) `  B )  =  Q )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  ` 
 { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =/=  ( L `  G ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2i 34535 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Eliminate the  ( L `  E )  =/=  ( L `  G ) hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |- 
 .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  (
 LSpan `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  J  =  (LSHyp `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E 
 .+  G ) `  B )  =  Q )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  ` 
 { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2j 34536 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Kernel closure when  Y is zero. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |- 
 .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  (
 LSpan `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  J  =  (LSHyp `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E 
 .+  G ) `  B )  =  Q )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  ` 
 { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  =  .0.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2k 34537 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Kernel closure when  X is zero. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |- 
 .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  (
 LSpan `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  J  =  (LSHyp `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E 
 .+  G ) `  B )  =  Q )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  ` 
 { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  =  .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2l 34538 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Eliminate the  X  =/=  .0.,  Y  =/=  .0. hypotheses. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |- 
 .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  .(+)  =  ( LSSum `  U )   &    |-  N  =  (
 LSpan `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  J  =  (LSHyp `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E 
 .+  G ) `  B )  =  Q )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  ` 
 { B } )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2m 34539 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Construct a vector  B that makes the sum of functionals zero. Combine with  B  e.  V to shorten overall proof. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  U  e.  LVec )   &    |-  B  =  ( X  .-  ( (
 ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  .X.  ( I `  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y ) ) )  .x.  Y ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =/= 
 .0.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( B  e.  V  /\  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  B )  =  .0.  )
 )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2n 34540 Lemma for lclkr 34553. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  U  e.  LVec )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  =  .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =  .0.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( N `  { X ,  Y } )  C_  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2o 34541 Lemma for lclkr 34553. When  B is nonzero, the vectors  X and  Y can't both belong to the hyperplane generated by  B. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( X  .-  ( (
 ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  .X.  ( I `  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y ) ) )  .x.  Y ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =/= 
 .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  =/=  ( 0g `  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( -.  X  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B }
 )  \/  -.  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { B } ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2p 34542 Lemma for lclkr 34553. When  B is zero,  X and  Y must colinear, so their orthocomplements must be comparable. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( X  .-  ( (
 ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  .X.  ( I `  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y ) ) )  .x.  Y ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =/= 
 .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  =  ( 0g `  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  { Y }
 )  C_  (  ._|_  ` 
 { X } )
 )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2q 34543 Lemma for lclkr 34553. The sum has a closed kernel when  B is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y }
 ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( X  .-  ( (
 ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  .X.  ( I `  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y ) ) )  .x.  Y ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =/= 
 .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  =/=  ( 0g `  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2r 34544 Lemma for lclkr 34553. When  B is zero, i.e. when  X and  Y are colinear, the intersection of the kernels of  E and  G equal the kernel of  G, so the kernels of  G and the sum are comparable. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y }
 ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( X  .-  ( (
 ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  .X.  ( I `  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y ) ) )  .x.  Y ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =/= 
 .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  =  ( 0g `  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G ) 
 C_  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2s 34545 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Thus, the sum has a closed kernel when  B is zero. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y }
 ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( X  .-  ( (
 ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  .X.  ( I `  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y ) ) )  .x.  Y ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =/= 
 .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  =  ( 0g `  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2t 34546 Lemma for lclkr 34553. We eliminate all hypotheses with  B here. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =/= 
 .0.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2u 34547 Lemma for lclkr 34553. lclkrlem2t 34546 with  X and  Y swapped. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  =/= 
 .0.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2v 34548 Lemma for lclkr 34553. When the hypotheses of lclkrlem2u 34547 and lclkrlem2u 34547 are negated, the functional sum must be zero, so the kernel is the vector space. We make use of the law of excluded middle, dochexmid 34488, which requires the orthomodular law dihoml4 34397 (Lemma 3.3 of [Holland95] p. 214). (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  =  .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =  .0.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) )  =  V )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2w 34549 Lemma for lclkr 34553. This is the same as lclkrlem2u 34547 and lclkrlem2u 34547 with the inequality hypotheses negated. When the sum of two functionals is zero at each generating vector, the kernel is the vector space and therefore closed. (Contributed by NM, 16-Jan-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |- 
 .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  ( invr `  S )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  (
 LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .(+)  =  (
 LSSum `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  X )  =  .0.  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( E  .+  G ) `  Y )  =  .0.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2x 34550 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Eliminate by cases the hypotheses of lclkrlem2u 34547, lclkrlem2u 34547 and lclkrlem2w 34549. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  E )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  G )  =  (  ._|_  `  { Y } ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2y 34551 Lemma for lclkr 34553. Restate the hypotheses for  E and  G to say their kernels are closed, in order to eliminate the generating vectors  X and  Y. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  E ) ) )  =  ( L `
  E ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  G ) ) )  =  ( L `
  G ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) ) )  =  ( L `
  ( E  .+  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlclkrlem2 34552* The set of functionals having closed kernels is closed under vector (functional) addition. Lemmas lclkrlem2a 34527 through lclkrlem2y 34551 are used for the proof. Here we express lclkrlem2y 34551 in terms of membership in the set  C of functionals with closed kernels. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  C )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( E  .+  G )  e.  C )
 
Theoremlclkr 34553* The set of functionals with closed kernels is a subspace. Part of proof of Theorem 3.6 of [Holland95] p. 218, line 20, stating "The fM that arise this way generate a subspace F of E'". Our proof was suggested by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jan-2015. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  S )
 
Theoremlcfls1lem 34554* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jan-2015.)
 |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f
 ) )  C_  Q ) }   =>    |-  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( G  e.  F  /\  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) ) )  =  ( L `
  G )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) )  C_  Q ) )
 
Theoremlcfls1N 34555* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jan-2015.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f
 ) )  C_  Q ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  G ) ) )  =  ( L `
  G )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) )  C_  Q ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfls1c 34556* Property of a functional with a closed kernel. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jan-2015.)
 |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f
 ) )  C_  Q ) }   &    |-  D  =  {
 f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   =>    |-  ( G  e.  C  <->  ( G  e.  D  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) ) 
 C_  Q ) )
 
Theoremlclkrslem1 34557* The set of functionals having closed kernels and majorizing the orthocomplement of a given subspace  Q is closed under scalar product. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  R  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  B  =  ( Base `  R )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  ( ( 
 ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) )  C_  Q ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Q  e.  S )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  C )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( X  .x.  G )  e.  C )
 
Theoremlclkrslem2 34558* The set of functionals having closed kernels and majorizing the orthocomplement of a given subspace  Q is closed under scalar product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  R  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  B  =  ( Base `  R )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  ( ( 
 ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) )  C_  Q ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Q  e.  S )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  C )   &    |- 
 .+  =  ( +g  `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  C )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( E  .+  G )  e.  C )
 
Theoremlclkrs 34559* The set of functionals having closed kernels and majorizing the orthocomplement of a given subspace  R is a subspace of the dual space. TODO: This proof repeats large parts of the lclkr 34553 proof. Do we achieve overall shortening by breaking them out as subtheorems? Or make lclkr 34553 a special case of this? (Contributed by NM, 29-Jan-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  T  =  ( LSubSp `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f
 ) )  C_  R ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  R  e.  S )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  T )
 
Theoremlclkrs2 34560* The set of functionals with closed kernels and majorizing the orthocomplement of a given subspace  Q is a subspace of the dual space containing functionals with closed kernels. Note that  R is the value given by mapdval 34648. (Contributed by NM, 12-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  T  =  ( LSubSp `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) ) )  =  ( L `  f ) }   &    |-  R  =  { g  e.  F  |  ( (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  g ) ) )  =  ( L `  g )  /\  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  g
 ) )  C_  Q ) }   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Q  e.  S )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( R  e.  T  /\  R  C_  C ) )
 
TheoremlcfrvalsnN 34561* Reconstruction from the dual space span of a singleton. (Contributed by NM, 19-Feb-2015.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  Q  =  U_ f  e.  R  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) )   &    |-  R  =  ( N `  { G } )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  Q  =  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  G ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem1 34562 Lemma for lcfr 34605. Note that  X is z in Mario's notes. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  (
 invr `  S )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  D )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  U  e.  LVec )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G `  X )  =/=  .0.  )   &    |-  H  =  ( E  .-  (
 ( ( I `  ( G `  X ) )  .X.  ( E `  X ) )  .x.  G ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( H `  X )  =  .0.  )
 
Theoremlcfrlem2 34563 Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  (
 invr `  S )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  D )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  U  e.  LVec )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G `  X )  =/=  .0.  )   &    |-  H  =  ( E  .-  (
 ( ( I `  ( G `  X ) )  .X.  ( E `  X ) )  .x.  G ) )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( L `  E )  i^i  ( L `  G ) )  C_  ( L `  H ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem3 34564 Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2015.)
 |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  .X.  =  ( .r `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  I  =  (
 invr `  S )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  D )   &    |-  .-  =  ( -g `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  U  e.  LVec )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( G `  X )  =/=  .0.  )   &    |-  H  =  ( E  .-  (
 ( ( I `  ( G `  X ) )  .X.  ( E `  X ) )  .x.  G ) )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( L `  H ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem4 34565* Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( LSubSp `  D )   &    |-  E  =  U_ g  e.  G  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  g ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  Q )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  E )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  V )
 
Theoremlcfrlem5 34566* Lemma for lcfr 34605. The set of functionals having closed kernels and majorizing the orthocomplement of a given subspace  Q is closed under scalar product. TODO: share hypotheses with others. Use more consistent variable names here or elsewhere when possible. (Contributed by NM, 5-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  S  =  ( LSubSp `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  R  e.  S )   &    |-  Q  =  U_ f  e.  R  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  f ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  Q )   &    |-  C  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  B  =  ( Base `  C )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( A  .x.  X )  e.  Q )
 
Theoremlcfrlem6 34567* Lemma for lcfr 34605. Closure of vector sum with colinear vectors. TODO: Move down  N definition so top hypotheses can be shared. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( LSubSp `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  Q )   &    |-  E  =  U_ g  e.  G  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  g ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  E )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  E )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( N `  { X } )  =  ( N `  { Y }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( X  .+  Y )  e.  E )
 
Theoremlcfrlem7 34568* Lemma for lcfr 34605. Closure of vector sum when one vector is zero. TODO: share hypotheses with others. (Contributed by NM, 11-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( LSubSp `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  Q )   &    |-  E  =  U_ g  e.  G  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  g ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  E )   &    |- 
 .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  =  .0.  )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( X  .+  Y )  e.  E )
 
Theoremlcfrlem8 34569* Lemma for lcf1o 34571 and lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 21-Feb-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( J `  X )  =  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) v  =  ( w  .+  ( k 
 .x.  X ) ) ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem9 34570* Lemma for lcf1o 34571. (This part has undesirable $d's on  J and  ph that we remove in lcf1o 34571.) TODO: ugly proof; maybe have better subtheorems or abbreviate some  iota_
k expansions with  J `  z? TODO: Some redundant $d's? (Contributed by NM, 22-Feb-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  J : ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) -1-1-onto-> ( C 
 \  { Q }
 ) )
 
Theoremlcf1o 34571* Define a function  J that provides a bijection from nonzero vectors  V to nonzero functionals with closed kernels  C. (Contributed by NM, 22-Feb-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  J : ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) -1-1-onto-> ( C 
 \  { Q }
 ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem10 34572* Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( J `  X )  e.  F )
 
Theoremlcfrlem11 34573* Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( L `  ( J `  X ) )  =  (  ._|_  `  { X } ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem12N 34574* Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2015.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( 0g `  S )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  (  ._|_  `  { X }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( J `  X ) `  Y )  =  B )
 
Theoremlcfrlem13 34575* Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 8-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( J `  X )  e.  ( C  \  { Q } ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem14 34576* Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 10-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  N  =  (
 LSpan `  U )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 
 ._|_  `  ( L `  ( J `  X ) ) )  =  ( N `  { X } ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem15 34577* Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  ( J `  X ) ) ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem16 34578* Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 8-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .x.  =  ( .s `  U )   &    |-  S  =  (Scalar `  U )   &    |-  R  =  ( Base `  S )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  F  =  (LFnl `  U )   &    |-  L  =  (LKer `  U )   &    |-  D  =  (LDual `  U )   &    |-  Q  =  ( 0g `  D )   &    |-  C  =  { f  e.  F  |  (  ._|_  `  (  ._|_  `  ( L `
  f ) ) )  =  ( L `
  f ) }   &    |-  J  =  ( x  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 )  |->  ( v  e.  V  |->  ( iota_ k  e.  R  E. w  e.  (  ._|_  `  { x } ) v  =  ( w  .+  (
 k  .x.  x )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H ) )   &    |-  P  =  ( LSubSp `  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  P )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  C_  C )   &    |-  E  =  U_ g  e.  G  (  ._|_  `  ( L `  g ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( E  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( J `  X )  e.  G )
 
Theoremlcfrlem17 34579 Lemma for lcfr 34605. Condition needed more than once. (Contributed by NM, 11-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( N `  { X } )  =/=  ( N `  { Y }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( X  .+  Y )  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem18 34580 Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 24-Feb-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U )   &    |-  .0.  =  ( 0g `  U )   &    |-  N  =  ( LSpan `  U )   &    |-  A  =  (LSAtoms `  U )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( K  e.  HL  /\  W  e.  H )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  X  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  } ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Y  e.  ( V  \  {  .0.  }
 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( N `  { X } )  =/=  ( N `  { Y }
 ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (  ._|_  `  { X ,  Y } )  =  ( (  ._|_  `  { X } )  i^i  (  ._|_  ` 
 { Y } )
 ) )
 
Theoremlcfrlem19 34581 Lemma for lcfr 34605. (Contributed by NM, 11-Mar-2015.)
 |-  H  =  ( LHyp `  K )   &    |-  ._|_  =  ( ( ocH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  U  =  ( ( DVecH `  K ) `  W )   &    |-  V  =  ( Base `  U )   &    |-  .+  =  ( +g  `  U