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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 33301-33400   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremdalemrotps 33301 Lemma for dath 33346. Rotate triangles  Y  =  P Q R and  Z  =  S T U to allow reuse of analogous proofs. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  ( ( Q 
 .\/  R )  .\/  P )  /\  ( d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  ( ( Q  .\/  R )  .\/  P )  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d ) ) ) )
 
Theoremdalemcjden 33302 Lemma for dath 33346. Show that the dummy atoms form a line. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  ps )  ->  ( c  .\/  d )  e.  ( LLines `
  K ) )
 
Theoremdalem20 33303* Lemma for dath 33346. Show that a second dummy atom  d exists outside of the  Y and  Z planes (when those planes are equal). (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   =>    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z )  ->  E. c E. d ps )
 
Theoremdalem21 33304 Lemma for dath 33346. Show that lines  c d and  P S intersect at an atom. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   =>    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( c  .\/  d )  ./\  ( P 
 .\/  S ) )  e.  A )
 
Theoremdalem22 33305 Lemma for dath 33346. Show that lines  c d and  P S determine a plane. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   =>    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( c  .\/  d )  .\/  ( P 
 .\/  S ) )  e.  O )
 
Theoremdalem23 33306 Lemma for dath 33346. Show that auxiliary atom  G is an atom. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  G  e.  A )
 
Theoremdalem24 33307 Lemma for dath 33346. Show that auxiliary atom  G is outside of plane  Y. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  G  .<_  Y )
 
Theoremdalem25 33308 Lemma for dath 33346. Show that the dummy center of perspectivity  c is different from auxiliary atom  G. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  c  =/=  G )
 
Theoremdalem27 33309 Lemma for dath 33346. Show that the line  G P intersects the dummy center of perspectivity  c. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  c  .<_  ( G  .\/  P )
 )
 
Theoremdalem28 33310 Lemma for dath 33346. Lemma dalem27 33309 expressed differently. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  P  .<_  ( G  .\/  c )
 )
 
Theoremdalem29 33311 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem23 33306 for  H. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  H  e.  A )
 
Theoremdalem30 33312 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem24 33307 for  H. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  H  .<_  Y )
 
Theoremdalem31N 33313 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem25 33308 for  H. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  c  =/=  H )
 
Theoremdalem32 33314 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem27 33309 for  H. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  c  .<_  ( H  .\/  Q )
 )
 
Theoremdalem33 33315 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem28 33310 for  H. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  Q  .<_  ( H  .\/  c )
 )
 
Theoremdalem34 33316 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem23 33306 for  I. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  I  e.  A )
 
Theoremdalem35 33317 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem24 33307 for  I. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  I  .<_  Y )
 
Theoremdalem36 33318 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem27 33309 for  I. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  c  .<_  ( I  .\/  R )
 )
 
Theoremdalem37 33319 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem28 33310 for  I. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  R  .<_  ( I  .\/  c )
 )
 
Theoremdalem38 33320 Lemma for dath 33346. Plane  Y belongs to the 3-dimensional volume  G H I c. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  Y  .<_  ( ( ( G  .\/  H )  .\/  I )  .\/  c ) )
 
Theoremdalem39 33321 Lemma for dath 33346. Auxiliary atoms  G,  H, and  I are not colinear. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  H  .<_  ( I  .\/  G )
 )
 
Theoremdalem40 33322 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem39 33321 for  I. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  I  .<_  ( G  .\/  H )
 )
 
Theoremdalem41 33323 Lemma for dath 33346. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  G  =/=  H )
 
Theoremdalem42 33324 Lemma for dath 33346. Auxiliary atoms  G H I form a plane. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( G  .\/  H )  .\/  I )  e.  O )
 
Theoremdalem43 33325 Lemma for dath 33346. Planes  G H I and  Y are different. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( G  .\/  H )  .\/  I )  =/=  Y )
 
Theoremdalem44 33326 Lemma for dath 33346. Dummy center of perspectivity  c lies outside of plane  G H I. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  c  .<_  ( ( G  .\/  H )  .\/  I )
 )
 
Theoremdalem45 33327 Lemma for dath 33346. Dummy center of perspectivity  c is not on the line  G H. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  c  .<_  ( G  .\/  H ) )
 
Theoremdalem46 33328 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem45 33327 for  H I. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  c  .<_  ( H  .\/  I
 ) )
 
Theoremdalem47 33329 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem45 33327 for  I G. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  -.  c  .<_  ( I  .\/  G ) )
 
Theoremdalem48 33330 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem45 33327 for  P Q. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\ 
 ps )  ->  -.  c  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q ) )
 
Theoremdalem49 33331 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem45 33327 for  Q R. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\ 
 ps )  ->  -.  c  .<_  ( Q  .\/  R ) )
 
Theoremdalem50 33332 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem45 33327 for  R P. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\ 
 ps )  ->  -.  c  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )
 
Theoremdalem51 33333 Lemma for dath 33346. Construct the condition  ph with  c,  G H I, and 
Y in place of  C,  Y, and  Z respectively. This lets us reuse the special case of Desargues' Theorem where  Y  =/=  Z, to eventually prove the case where  Y  =  Z. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( (
 ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  c  e.  A )  /\  ( G  e.  A  /\  H  e.  A  /\  I  e.  A )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A ) )  /\  ( ( ( G  .\/  H )  .\/  I )  e.  O  /\  Y  e.  O )  /\  ( ( -.  c  .<_  ( G 
 .\/  H )  /\  -.  c  .<_  ( H  .\/  I )  /\  -.  c  .<_  ( I  .\/  G ) )  /\  ( -.  c  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  c  .<_  ( Q  .\/  R )  /\  -.  c  .<_  ( R  .\/  P )
 )  /\  ( c  .<_  ( G  .\/  P )  /\  c  .<_  ( H 
 .\/  Q )  /\  c  .<_  ( I  .\/  R ) ) ) ) 
 /\  ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  =/=  Y )
 )
 
Theoremdalem52 33334 Lemma for dath 33346. Lines  G H and  P Q intersect at an atom. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( G  .\/  H )  ./\  ( P  .\/  Q ) )  e.  A )
 
Theoremdalem53 33335 Lemma for dath 33346. The auxliary axis of perspectivity  B is a line (analogous to the actual axis of perspectivity  X in dalem15 33288. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  N  =  ( LLines `  K )   &    |-  O  =  (
 LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  ./\  Y )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  B  e.  N )
 
Theoremdalem54 33336 Lemma for dath 33346. Line  G H intersects the auxiliary axis of perspectivity  B. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  ./\  Y )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( G  .\/  H )  ./\  B )  e.  A )
 
Theoremdalem55 33337 Lemma for dath 33346. Lines  G H and  P Q intersect at the auxiliary line  B (later shown to be an axis of perspectivity; see dalem60 33342). (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  ./\  Y )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( G  .\/  H )  ./\  ( P  .\/  Q ) )  =  ( ( G  .\/  H )  ./\ 
 B ) )
 
Theoremdalem56 33338 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem55 33337 for line  S T. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  ./\  Y )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( ( G  .\/  H )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ) )  =  ( ( G  .\/  H )  ./\ 
 B ) )
 
Theoremdalem57 33339 Lemma for dath 33346. Axis of perspectivity point  D is on the auxiliary line  B. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  D  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  ./\  Y )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  D  .<_  B )
 
Theoremdalem58 33340 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem57 33339 for  E. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  E  =  ( ( Q  .\/  R )  ./\  ( T  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  ./\  Y )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  E  .<_  B )
 
Theoremdalem59 33341 Lemma for dath 33346. Analogue of dalem57 33339 for  F. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  F  =  ( ( R  .\/  P )  ./\  ( U  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  ./\  Y )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  F  .<_  B )
 
Theoremdalem60 33342 Lemma for dath 33346. 
B is an axis of perspectivity (almost). (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  D  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  E  =  ( ( Q  .\/  R )  ./\  ( T  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( ( c  .\/  P )  ./\  ( d  .\/  S ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( ( c  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( d  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  I  =  ( ( c  .\/  R )  ./\  ( d  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( ( ( G 
 .\/  H )  .\/  I
 )  ./\  Y )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  ( D  .\/  E )  =  B )
 
Theoremdalem61 33343 Lemma for dath 33346. Show that atoms  D,  E, and  F lie on the same line (axis of perspectivity). Eliminate hypotheses containing dummy atoms  c and  d. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ( ps 
 <->  ( ( c  e.  A  /\  d  e.  A )  /\  -.  c  .<_  Y  /\  (
 d  =/=  c  /\  -.  d  .<_  Y  /\  C  .<_  ( c  .\/  d
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  ./\ 
 =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  D  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  E  =  ( ( Q  .\/  R )  ./\  ( T  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  F  =  ( ( R  .\/  P )  ./\  ( U  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z  /\  ps )  ->  F  .<_  ( D  .\/  E )
 )
 
Theoremdalem62 33344 Lemma for dath 33346. Eliminate the condition  ps containing dummy variables  c and  d. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ./\  =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  D  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  E  =  ( ( Q  .\/  R )  ./\  ( T  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  F  =  ( ( R  .\/  P )  ./\  ( U  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  Y  =  Z ) 
 ->  F  .<_  ( D  .\/  E ) )
 
Theoremdalem63 33345 Lemma for dath 33346. Combine the cases where  Y and  Z are different planes with the case where  Y and 
Z are the same plane. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
 |-  ( ph 
 <->  ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  ( Base `  K )
 )  /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A )  /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( Y  e.  O  /\  Z  e.  O )  /\  (
 ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P ) )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ./\  =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  Y  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )   &    |-  Z  =  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )   &    |-  D  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  E  =  ( ( Q  .\/  R )  ./\  ( T  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  F  =  ( ( R  .\/  P )  ./\  ( U  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  F 
 .<_  ( D  .\/  E ) )
 
Theoremdath 33346 Desargues' Theorem of projective geometry (proved for a Hilbert lattice). Assume each triple of atoms (points)  P Q R and  S T U forms a triangle (i.e. determines a plane). Assume that lines  P S,  Q T, and  R U meet at a "center of perspectivity"  C. (We also assume that  C is not on any of the 6 lines forming the two triangles.) Then the atoms 
D  =  ( P 
.\/  Q )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ),  E  =  ( Q  .\/  R ) 
./\  ( T  .\/  U ),  F  =  ( R  .\/  P ) 
./\  ( U  .\/  S ) are colinear, forming an "axis of perspectivity".

Our proof roughly follows Theorem 2.7.1, p. 78 in Beutelspacher and Rosenbaum, Projective Geometry: From Foundations to Applications, Cambridge University Press (1988). Unlike them, we don't assume  C is an atom to make this theorem slightly more general for easier future use. However, we prove that 
C must be an atom in dalemcea 33270.

For a visual demonstration, see the "Desargue's Theorem" applet at http://www.dynamicgeometry.com/JavaSketchpad/Gallery.html. The points I, J, and K there define the axis of perspectivity.

See theorem dalaw 33496 for Desargues Law, which eliminates all of the preconditions on the atoms except for central perspectivity. This is Metamath 100 proof #87. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-2012.)

 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ./\  =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  D  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  E  =  ( ( Q  .\/  R )  ./\  ( T  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  F  =  ( ( R  .\/  P )  ./\  ( U  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  B ) 
 /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A ) 
 /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )  e.  O  /\  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )  e.  O )  /\  ( ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q  .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P )
 )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) 
 ->  F  .<_  ( D  .\/  E ) )
 
Theoremdath2 33347 Version of Desargues' Theorem dath 33346 with a different variable ordering. (Contributed by NM, 7-Oct-2012.)
 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  ./\  =  ( meet `  K )   &    |-  O  =  ( LPlanes `  K )   &    |-  D  =  ( ( P  .\/  Q )  ./\  ( S  .\/  T ) )   &    |-  E  =  ( ( Q  .\/  R )  ./\  ( T  .\/  U ) )   &    |-  F  =  ( ( R  .\/  P )  ./\  ( U  .\/  S ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  C  e.  B ) 
 /\  ( P  e.  A  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A ) 
 /\  ( S  e.  A  /\  T  e.  A  /\  U  e.  A ) )  /\  ( ( ( P  .\/  Q )  .\/  R )  e.  O  /\  ( ( S  .\/  T )  .\/  U )  e.  O )  /\  ( ( -.  C  .<_  ( P  .\/  Q )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( Q  .\/  R )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  P )
 )  /\  ( -.  C  .<_  ( S  .\/  T )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( T  .\/  U )  /\  -.  C  .<_  ( U  .\/  S )
 )  /\  ( C  .<_  ( P  .\/  S )  /\  C  .<_  ( Q 
 .\/  T )  /\  C  .<_  ( R  .\/  U ) ) ) ) 
 ->  D  .<_  ( E  .\/  F ) )
 
Theoremlineset 33348* The set of lines in a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 19-Sep-2011.)
 |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  N  =  ( Lines `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  B  ->  N  =  { s  | 
 E. q  e.  A  E. r  e.  A  ( q  =/=  r  /\  s  =  { p  e.  A  |  p  .<_  ( q  .\/  r ) } ) } )
 
Theoremisline 33349* The predicate "is a line". (Contributed by NM, 19-Sep-2011.)
 |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  N  =  ( Lines `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  D  ->  ( X  e.  N  <->  E. q  e.  A  E. r  e.  A  ( q  =/=  r  /\  X  =  { p  e.  A  |  p  .<_  ( q  .\/  r ) } ) ) )
 
Theoremislinei 33350* Condition implying "is a line". (Contributed by NM, 3-Feb-2012.)
 |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  N  =  ( Lines `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( ( K  e.  D  /\  Q  e.  A  /\  R  e.  A ) 
 /\  ( Q  =/=  R 
 /\  X  =  { p  e.  A  |  p  .<_  ( Q  .\/  R ) } ) ) 
 ->  X  e.  N )
 
TheorempointsetN 33351* The set of points in a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  P  =  ( Points `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  B  ->  P  =  { p  |  E. a  e.  A  p  =  { a } } )
 
TheoremispointN 33352* The predicate "is a point". (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  P  =  ( Points `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  D  ->  ( X  e.  P  <->  E. a  e.  A  X  =  { a } ) )
 
TheorematpointN 33353 The singleton of an atom is a point. (Contributed by NM, 14-Jan-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  P  =  ( Points `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( K  e.  D  /\  X  e.  A ) 
 ->  { X }  e.  P )
 
Theorempsubspset 33354* The set of projective subspaces in a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
 |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  B  ->  S  =  { s  |  ( s  C_  A  /\  A. p  e.  s  A. q  e.  s  A. r  e.  A  ( r  .<_  ( p 
 .\/  q )  ->  r  e.  s )
 ) } )
 
Theoremispsubsp 33355* The predicate "is a projective subspace". (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
 |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  D  ->  ( X  e.  S  <->  ( X  C_  A  /\  A. p  e.  X  A. q  e.  X  A. r  e.  A  ( r  .<_  ( p  .\/  q )  ->  r  e.  X ) ) ) )
 
Theoremispsubsp2 33356* The predicate "is a projective subspace". (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2012.)
 |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  D  ->  ( X  e.  S  <->  ( X  C_  A  /\  A. p  e.  A  ( E. q  e.  X  E. r  e.  X  p  .<_  ( q 
 .\/  r )  ->  p  e.  X )
 ) ) )
 
Theorempsubspi 33357* Property of a projective subspace. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2012.)
 |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( ( K  e.  D  /\  X  e.  S  /\  P  e.  A ) 
 /\  E. q  e.  X  E. r  e.  X  P  .<_  ( q  .\/  r ) )  ->  P  e.  X )
 
Theorempsubspi2N 33358 Property of a projective subspace. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |- 
 .\/  =  ( join `  K )   &    |-  A  =  (
 Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( ( K  e.  D  /\  X  e.  S  /\  P  e.  A ) 
 /\  ( Q  e.  X  /\  R  e.  X  /\  P  .<_  ( Q  .\/  R ) ) )  ->  P  e.  X )
 
Theorem0psubN 33359 The empty set is a projective subspace. Remark below Definition 15.1 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 61. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  V  ->  (/)  e.  S )
 
TheoremsnatpsubN 33360 The singleton of an atom is a projective subspace. (Contributed by NM, 9-Sep-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( K  e.  AtLat  /\  P  e.  A ) 
 ->  { P }  e.  S )
 
TheorempointpsubN 33361 A point (singleton of an atom) is a projective subspace. Remark below Definition 15.1 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 61. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  P  =  ( Points `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( K  e.  AtLat  /\  X  e.  P ) 
 ->  X  e.  S )
 
TheoremlinepsubN 33362 A line is a projective subspace. (Contributed by NM, 16-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  N  =  ( Lines `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( K  e.  Lat  /\  X  e.  N ) 
 ->  X  e.  S )
 
TheorematpsubN 33363 The set of all atoms is a projective subspace. Remark below Definition 15.1 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 61. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  V  ->  A  e.  S )
 
Theorempsubssat 33364 A projective subspace consists of atoms. (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2011.)
 |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( K  e.  B  /\  X  e.  S ) 
 ->  X  C_  A )
 
TheorempsubatN 33365 A member of a projective subspace is an atom. (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  S  =  ( PSubSp `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( K  e.  B  /\  X  e.  S  /\  Y  e.  X )  ->  Y  e.  A )
 
Theorempmapfval 33366* The projective map of a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  M  =  (
 pmap `  K )   =>    |-  ( K  e.  C  ->  M  =  ( x  e.  B  |->  { a  e.  A  |  a  .<_  x } )
 )
 
Theorempmapval 33367* Value of the projective map of a Hilbert lattice. Definition in Theorem 15.5 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 62. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  M  =  (
 pmap `  K )   =>    |-  ( ( K  e.  C  /\  X  e.  B )  ->  ( M `  X )  =  { a  e.  A  |  a  .<_  X }
 )
 
Theoremelpmap 33368 Member of a projective map. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jan-2012.)
 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  M  =  (
 pmap `  K )   =>    |-  ( ( K  e.  C  /\  X  e.  B )  ->  ( P  e.  ( M `  X )  <->  ( P  e.  A  /\  P  .<_  X ) ) )
 
Theorempmapssat 33369 The projective map of a Hilbert lattice is a set of atoms. (Contributed by NM, 14-Jan-2012.)
 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  A  =  ( Atoms `  K )   &    |-  M  =  ( pmap `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( K  e.  C  /\  X  e.  B ) 
 ->  ( M `  X )  C_  A )
 
TheorempmapssbaN 33370 A weakening of pmapssat 33369 to shorten some proofs. (Contributed by NM, 7-Mar-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  M  =  ( pmap `  K )   =>    |-  (
 ( K  e.  C  /\  X  e.  B ) 
 ->  ( M `  X )  C_  B )
 
Theorempmaple 33371 The projective map of a Hilbert lattice preserves ordering. Part of Theorem 15.5 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 62. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2011.)
 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  .<_  =  ( le `  K )   &    |-  M  =  ( pmap `  K )   =>    |-  ( ( K  e.  HL  /\  X  e.  B  /\  Y  e.  B ) 
 ->  ( X  .<_  Y  <->  ( M `  X )  C_  ( M `
  Y ) ) )
 
Theorempmap11 33372 The projective map of a Hilbert lattice is one-to-one. Part of Theorem 15.5 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 62. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2011.)
 |-  B  =  ( Base `  K )   &    |-  M  =  ( pmap `  K )   =>    |-  (