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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 22601-22700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremmbfposb 22601* A function is measurable iff its positive and negative parts are measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn  <->  ( ( x  e.  A  |->  if (
 0  <_  B ,  B ,  0 )
 )  e. MblFn  /\  ( x  e.  A  |->  if (
 0  <_  -u B ,  -u B ,  0 ) )  e. MblFn ) )
 )
 
Theoremismbf3d 22602* Simplified form of ismbfd 22588. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> RR )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e. 
 RR )  ->  ( `' F " ( x (,) +oo ) )  e. 
 dom  vol )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfimaopnlem 22603* Lemma for mbfimaopn 22604. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2014.)
 |-  J  =  ( TopOpen ` fld )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  RR ,  y  e.  RR  |->  ( x  +  ( _i  x.  y ) ) )   &    |-  B  =  ( (,) " ( QQ 
 X.  QQ ) )   &    |-  K  =  ran  ( x  e.  B ,  y  e.  B  |->  ( x  X.  y ) )   =>    |-  ( ( F  e. MblFn  /\  A  e.  J )  ->  ( `' F " A )  e.  dom  vol )
 
Theoremmbfimaopn 22604 The preimage of any open set (in the complex topology) under a measurable function is measurable. (See also cncombf 22606, which explains why  A  e.  dom  vol is too weak a condition for this theorem.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2014.)
 |-  J  =  ( TopOpen ` fld )   =>    |-  (
 ( F  e. MblFn  /\  A  e.  J )  ->  ( `' F " A )  e.  dom  vol )
 
Theoremmbfimaopn2 22605 The preimage of any set open in the subspace topology of the range of the function is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2014.)
 |-  J  =  ( TopOpen ` fld )   &    |-  K  =  ( Jt  B )   =>    |-  ( ( ( F  e. MblFn  /\  F : A --> B  /\  B  C_  CC )  /\  C  e.  K )  ->  ( `' F " C )  e.  dom  vol )
 
Theoremcncombf 22606 The composition of a continuous function with a measurable function is measurable. (More generally,  G can be a Borel-measurable function, but notably the condition that  G be only measurable is too weak, the usual counterexample taking 
G to be the Cantor function and  F the indicator function of the  G-image of a nonmeasurable set, which is a subset of the Cantor set and hence null and measurable.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e. MblFn  /\  F : A --> B  /\  G  e.  ( B -cn->
 CC ) )  ->  ( G  o.  F )  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremcnmbf 22607 A continuous function is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Mar-2015.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  dom 
 vol  /\  F  e.  ( A -cn-> CC ) )  ->  F  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfaddlem 22608 The sum of two measurable functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : A --> RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F  oF  +  G )  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfadd 22609 The sum of two measurable functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F  oF  +  G )  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfsub 22610 The difference of two measurable functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Sep-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F  oF  -  G )  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfmulc2 22611* A complex constant times a measurable function is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  CC )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A ) 
 ->  B  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn
 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  ( C  x.  B ) )  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfsup 22612* The supremum of a sequence of measurable, real-valued functions is measurable. Note that in this and related theorems,  B
( n ,  x
) is a function of both  n and  x, since it is an  n-indexed sequence of functions on  x. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.)
 |-  Z  =  ( ZZ>= `  M )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  A  |->  sup ( ran  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) ,  RR ,  <  ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  M  e.  ZZ )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  n  e.  Z )  ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( n  e.  Z  /\  x  e.  A ) )  ->  B  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A ) 
 ->  E. y  e.  RR  A. n  e.  Z  B  <_  y )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfinf 22613* The infimum of a sequence of measurable, real-valued functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.) (Revised by AV, 13-Sep-2020.)
 |-  Z  =  ( ZZ>= `  M )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  A  |-> inf ( ran  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) ,  RR ,  <  )
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  M  e.  ZZ )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  n  e.  Z ) 
 ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  ( n  e.  Z  /\  x  e.  A ) )  ->  B  e.  RR )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  E. y  e.  RR  A. n  e.  Z  y  <_  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )
 
TheoremmbfinfOLD 22614* The infimum of a sequence of measurable, real-valued functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.) Obsolete version of mbfinf 22613 as of 13-Sep-2020. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
 |-  Z  =  ( ZZ>= `  M )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  A  |->  sup ( ran  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) ,  RR ,  `'  <  ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  M  e.  ZZ )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  n  e.  Z )  ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( n  e.  Z  /\  x  e.  A ) )  ->  B  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A ) 
 ->  E. y  e.  RR  A. n  e.  Z  y 
 <_  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbflimsup 22615* The limit supremum of a sequence of measurable real-valued functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.) (Revised by AV, 12-Sep-2020.)
 |-  Z  =  ( ZZ>= `  M )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  A  |->  (
 limsup `  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( m  e.  RR  |->  sup ( ( ( ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) " ( m [,) +oo ) )  i^i  RR* ) ,  RR* ,  <  ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  M  e.  ZZ )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  ( limsup `
  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) )  e.  RR )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  n  e.  Z )  ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( n  e.  Z  /\  x  e.  A ) )  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )
 
TheoremmbflimsupOLD 22616* The limit supremum of a sequence of measurable real-valued functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.) Obsolete version of mbflimsup 22615 as of 12-Sep-2020. (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
 |-  Z  =  ( ZZ>= `  M )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  A  |->  (
 limsup `  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( m  e.  RR  |->  sup ( ( ( ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) " ( m [,) +oo ) )  i^i  RR* ) ,  RR* ,  <  ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  M  e.  ZZ )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  ( limsup `
  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B ) )  e.  RR )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  n  e.  Z )  ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( n  e.  Z  /\  x  e.  A ) )  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbflimlem 22617* The pointwise limit of a sequence of measurable real-valued functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.)
 |-  Z  =  ( ZZ>= `  M )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  M  e.  ZZ )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B )  ~~>  C )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  n  e.  Z ) 
 ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  ( n  e.  Z  /\  x  e.  A ) )  ->  B  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  C )  e. MblFn
 )
 
Theoremmbflim 22618* The pointwise limit of a sequence of measurable functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.)
 |-  Z  =  ( ZZ>= `  M )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  M  e.  ZZ )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  ( n  e.  Z  |->  B )  ~~>  C )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  n  e.  Z ) 
 ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  B )  e. MblFn )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  ( n  e.  Z  /\  x  e.  A ) )  ->  B  e.  V )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( x  e.  A  |->  C )  e. MblFn
 )
 
Syntaxc0p 22619 Extend class notation to include the zero polynomial.
 class 
 0p
 
Definitiondf-0p 22620 Define the zero polynomial. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2014.)
 |-  0p  =  ( CC  X.  { 0 } )
 
Theorem0pval 22621 The zero function evaluates to zero at every point. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( 0p `  A )  =  0
 )
 
Theorem0plef 22622 Two ways to say that the function 
F on the reals is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) 
 <->  ( F : RR --> RR  /\  0p  oR  <_  F ) )
 
Theorem0pledm 22623 Adjust the domain of the left argument to match the right, which works better in our theorems. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  C_ 
 CC )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F  Fn  A )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( 0p  oR  <_  F  <->  ( A  X.  { 0 } )  oR  <_  F )
 )
 
Theoremisi1f 22624 The predicate " F is a simple function". A simple function is a finite nonnegative linear combination of indicator functions for finitely measurable sets. We use the idiom  F  e.  dom  S.1 to represent this concept because  S.1 is the first preparation function for our final definition  S. (see df-itg 22573); unlike that operator, which can integrate any function, this operator can only integrate simple functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1  <->  ( F  e. MblFn  /\  ( F : RR --> RR  /\  ran 
 F  e.  Fin  /\  ( vol `  ( `' F " ( RR  \  { 0 } )
 ) )  e.  RR ) ) )
 
Theoremi1fmbf 22625 Simple functions are measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1 
 ->  F  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremi1ff 22626 A simple function is a function on the reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1 
 ->  F : RR --> RR )
 
Theoremi1frn 22627 A simple function has finite range. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1 
 ->  ran  F  e.  Fin )
 
Theoremi1fima 22628 Any preimage of a simple function is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1 
 ->  ( `' F " A )  e.  dom  vol )
 
Theoremi1fima2 22629 Any preimage of a simple function not containing zero has finite measure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  -.  0  e.  A )  ->  ( vol `  ( `' F " A ) )  e. 
 RR )
 
Theoremi1fima2sn 22630 Preimage of a singleton. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  A  e.  ( B  \  { 0 } ) )  ->  ( vol `  ( `' F " { A } )
 )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremi1fd 22631* A simplified set of assumptions to show that a given function is simple. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ran  F  e.  Fin )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  ( ran 
 F  \  { 0 } ) )  ->  ( `' F " { x } )  e.  dom  vol )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  ( ran 
 F  \  { 0 } ) )  ->  ( vol `  ( `' F " { x }
 ) )  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremi1f0rn 22632 Any simple function takes the value zero on a set of unbounded measure, so in particular this set is not empty. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1 
 ->  0  e.  ran  F )
 
Theoremitg1val 22633* The value of the integral on simple functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1 
 ->  ( S.1 `  F )  =  sum_ x  e.  ( ran  F  \  { 0 } )
 ( x  x.  ( vol `  ( `' F " { x } )
 ) ) )
 
Theoremitg1val2 22634* The value of the integral on simple functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  ( A  e.  Fin  /\  ( ran  F  \  { 0 } )  C_  A  /\  A  C_  ( RR  \  { 0 } ) ) ) 
 ->  ( S.1 `  F )  =  sum_ x  e.  A  ( x  x.  ( vol `  ( `' F " { x }
 ) ) ) )
 
Theoremitg1cl 22635 Closure of the integral on simple functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1 
 ->  ( S.1 `  F )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremitg1ge0 22636 Closure of the integral on positive simple functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  0p  oR  <_  F )  -> 
 0  <_  ( S.1 `  F ) )
 
Theoremi1f0 22637 The zero function is simple. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( RR  X.  {
 0 } )  e. 
 dom  S.1
 
Theoremitg10 22638 The zero function has zero integral. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( S.1 `  ( RR  X.  { 0 } ) )  =  0
 
Theoremi1f1lem 22639* Lemma for i1f1 22640 and itg11 22641. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  F  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  A , 
 1 ,  0 ) )   =>    |-  ( F : RR --> { 0 ,  1 }  /\  ( A  e.  dom  vol  ->  ( `' F " { 1 } )  =  A ) )
 
Theoremi1f1 22640* Base case simple functions are indicator functions of measurable sets. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  F  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  A , 
 1 ,  0 ) )   =>    |-  ( ( A  e.  dom 
 vol  /\  ( vol `  A )  e.  RR )  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremitg11 22641* The integral of an indicator function is the volume of the set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
 |-  F  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  A , 
 1 ,  0 ) )   =>    |-  ( ( A  e.  dom 
 vol  /\  ( vol `  A )  e.  RR )  ->  ( S.1 `  F )  =  ( vol `  A ) )
 
Theoremitg1addlem1 22642* Decompose a preimage, which is always a disjoint union. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jun-2014.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 11-Dec-2016.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : X --> Y )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  Fin )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  k  e.  A )  ->  B  C_  ( `' F " { k } )
 )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  k  e.  A )  ->  B  e.  dom  vol )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  k  e.  A ) 
 ->  ( vol `  B )  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol `  U_ k  e.  A  B )  = 
 sum_ k  e.  A  ( vol `  B )
 )
 
Theoremi1faddlem 22643* Decompose the preimage of a sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  A  e.  CC )  ->  ( `' ( F  oF  +  G ) " { A }
 )  =  U_ y  e.  ran  G ( ( `' F " { ( A  -  y ) }
 )  i^i  ( `' G " { y }
 ) ) )
 
Theoremi1fmullem 22644* Decompose the preimage of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  A  e.  ( CC  \  { 0 } )
 )  ->  ( `' ( F  oF  x.  G ) " { A } )  =  U_ y  e.  ( ran  G 
 \  { 0 } ) ( ( `' F " { ( A  /  y ) }
 )  i^i  ( `' G " { y }
 ) ) )
 
Theoremi1fadd 22645 The sum of two simple functions is a simple function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F  oF  +  G )  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremi1fmul 22646 The pointwise product of two simple functions is a simple function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Sep-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F  oF  x.  G )  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremitg1addlem2 22647* Lemma for itg1add 22651. The function  I represents the pieces into which we will break up the domain of the sum. Since it is infinite only when both  i and  j are zero, we arbitrarily define it to be zero there to simplify the sums that are manipulated in itg1addlem4 22649 and itg1addlem5 22650. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  I  =  ( i  e.  RR ,  j  e.  RR  |->  if ( ( i  =  0  /\  j  =  0 ) ,  0 ,  ( vol `  (
 ( `' F " { i } )  i^i  ( `' G " { j } )
 ) ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  I :
 ( RR  X.  RR )
 --> RR )
 
Theoremitg1addlem3 22648* Lemma for itg1add 22651. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  I  =  ( i  e.  RR ,  j  e.  RR  |->  if ( ( i  =  0  /\  j  =  0 ) ,  0 ,  ( vol `  (
 ( `' F " { i } )  i^i  ( `' G " { j } )
 ) ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ( A  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  RR )  /\  -.  ( A  =  0  /\  B  =  0 ) )  ->  ( A I B )  =  ( vol `  ( ( `' F " { A } )  i^i  ( `' G " { B } ) ) ) )
 
Theoremitg1addlem4 22649* Lemma for itg1add . (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  I  =  ( i  e.  RR ,  j  e.  RR  |->  if ( ( i  =  0  /\  j  =  0 ) ,  0 ,  ( vol `  (
 ( `' F " { i } )  i^i  ( `' G " { j } )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  P  =  (  +  |`  ( ran  F  X.  ran  G ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.1 `  ( F  oF  +  G ) )  =  sum_ y  e.  ran  F sum_ z  e.  ran  G (
 ( y  +  z
 )  x.  ( y I z ) ) )
 
Theoremitg1addlem5 22650* Lemma for itg1add . (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  I  =  ( i  e.  RR ,  j  e.  RR  |->  if ( ( i  =  0  /\  j  =  0 ) ,  0 ,  ( vol `  (
 ( `' F " { i } )  i^i  ( `' G " { j } )
 ) ) ) )   &    |-  P  =  (  +  |`  ( ran  F  X.  ran  G ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.1 `  ( F  oF  +  G ) )  =  (
 ( S.1 `  F )  +  ( S.1 `  G ) ) )
 
Theoremitg1add 22651 The integral of a sum of simple functions is the sum of the integrals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.1 `  ( F  oF  +  G ) )  =  (
 ( S.1 `  F )  +  ( S.1 `  G ) ) )
 
Theoremi1fmulclem 22652 Decompose the preimage of a constant times a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ( (
 ph  /\  A  =/=  0 )  /\  B  e.  RR )  ->  ( `' ( ( RR  X.  { A } )  oF  x.  F )
 " { B }
 )  =  ( `' F " { ( B  /  A ) }
 ) )
 
Theoremi1fmulc 22653 A nonnegative constant times a simple function gives another simple function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( RR  X.  { A } )  oF  x.  F )  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremitg1mulc 22654 The integral of a constant times a simple function is the constant times the original integral. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.1 `  ( ( RR  X.  { A }
 )  oF  x.  F ) )  =  ( A  x.  ( S.1 `  F ) ) )
 
Theoremi1fres 22655* The "restriction" of a simple function to a measurable subset is simple. (It's not actually a restriction because it is zero instead of undefined outside  A.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Jun-2014.)
 |-  G  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  A ,  ( F `  x ) ,  0 ) )   =>    |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  A  e.  dom  vol )  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremi1fpos 22656* The positive part of a simple function is simple. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  G  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if (
 0  <_  ( F `  x ) ,  ( F `  x ) ,  0 ) )   =>    |-  ( F  e.  dom  S.1  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremi1fposd 22657* Deduction form of i1fposd 22657. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  ( x  e.  RR  |->  A )  e.  dom  S.1 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( 0  <_  A ,  A ,  0 ) )  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremi1fsub 22658 The difference of two simple functions is a simple function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  G  e.  dom  S.1 )  ->  ( F  oF  -  G )  e.  dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremitg1sub 22659 The integral of a difference of two simple functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  G  e.  dom  S.1 )  ->  ( S.1 `  ( F  oF  -  G ) )  =  ( ( S.1 `  F )  -  ( S.1 `  G ) ) )
 
Theoremitg10a 22660* The integral of a simple function supported on a nullset is zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A 
 C_  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol* `  A )  =  0 )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  ( RR  \  A ) )  ->  ( F `
  x )  =  0 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.1 `  F )  =  0 )
 
Theoremitg1ge0a 22661* The integral of an almost positive simple function is positive. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A 
 C_  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol* `  A )  =  0 )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  ( RR  \  A ) )  ->  0  <_  ( F `  x ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  0  <_  ( S.1 `  F ) )
 
Theoremitg1lea 22662* Approximate version of itg1le 22663. If  F  <_  G for almost all  x, then  S.1 F  <_  S.1 G. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A 
 C_  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol* `  A )  =  0 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  ( RR  \  A ) )  ->  ( F `  x ) 
 <_  ( G `  x ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.1 `  F )  <_  ( S.1 `  G )
 )
 
Theoremitg1le 22663 If one simple function dominates another, then the integral of the larger is also larger. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  G  e.  dom  S.1  /\  F  oR  <_  G )  ->  ( S.1 `  F )  <_  ( S.1 `  G ) )
 
Theoremitg1climres 22664* Restricting the simple function  F to the increasing sequence  A ( n ) of measurable sets whose union is  RR yields a sequence of simple functions whose integrals approach the integral of  F. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A : NN --> dom  vol )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  n  e. 
 NN )  ->  ( A `  n )  C_  ( A `  ( n  +  1 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  U.
 ran  A  =  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  ( A `  n ) ,  ( F `  x ) ,  0 )
 )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( S.1 `  G ) )  ~~>  ( S.1 `  F ) )
 
Theoremmbfi1fseqlem1 22665* Lemma for mbfi1fseq 22671. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  J  =  ( m  e.  NN ,  y  e.  RR  |->  ( ( |_ `  (
 ( F `  y
 )  x.  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )  /  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  J : ( NN  X.  RR ) --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )
 
Theoremmbfi1fseqlem2 22666* Lemma for mbfi1fseq 22671. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  J  =  ( m  e.  NN ,  y  e.  RR  |->  ( ( |_ `  (
 ( F `  y
 )  x.  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )  /  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( m  e.  NN  |->  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  ( -u m [,] m ) ,  if ( ( m J x ) 
 <_  m ,  ( m J x ) ,  m ) ,  0 ) ) )   =>    |-  ( A  e.  NN  ->  ( G `  A )  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  ( -u A [,] A ) ,  if ( ( A J x )  <_  A ,  ( A J x ) ,  A ) ,  0 ) ) )
 
Theoremmbfi1fseqlem3 22667* Lemma for mbfi1fseq 22671. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  J  =  ( m  e.  NN ,  y  e.  RR  |->  ( ( |_ `  (
 ( F `  y
 )  x.  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )  /  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( m  e.  NN  |->  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  ( -u m [,] m ) ,  if ( ( m J x ) 
 <_  m ,  ( m J x ) ,  m ) ,  0 ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  A  e.  NN )  ->  ( G `  A ) : RR --> ran  ( m  e.  ( 0 ... ( A  x.  (
 2 ^ A ) ) )  |->  ( m 
 /  ( 2 ^ A ) ) ) )
 
Theoremmbfi1fseqlem4 22668* Lemma for mbfi1fseq 22671. This lemma is not as interesting as it is long - it is simply checking that  G is in fact a sequence of simple functions, by verifying that its range is in  ( 0 ... n 2 ^ n
)  /  ( 2 ^ n ) (which is to say, the numbers from  0 to  n in increments of  1  / 
( 2 ^ n
)), and also that the preimage of each point  k is measurable, because it is equal to  ( -u n [,] n )  i^i  ( `' F " ( k [,) k  +  1  /  ( 2 ^ n ) ) ) for  k  <  n and  ( -u n [,] n
)  i^i  ( `' F " ( k [,) +oo ) ) for  k  =  n. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  J  =  ( m  e.  NN ,  y  e.  RR  |->  ( ( |_ `  (
 ( F `  y
 )  x.  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )  /  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( m  e.  NN  |->  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  ( -u m [,] m ) ,  if ( ( m J x ) 
 <_  m ,  ( m J x ) ,  m ) ,  0 ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G : NN --> dom  S.1 )
 
Theoremmbfi1fseqlem5 22669* Lemma for mbfi1fseq 22671. Verify that  G describes an increasing sequence of positive functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  J  =  ( m  e.  NN ,  y  e.  RR  |->  ( ( |_ `  (
 ( F `  y
 )  x.  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )  /  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( m  e.  NN  |->  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  ( -u m [,] m ) ,  if ( ( m J x ) 
 <_  m ,  ( m J x ) ,  m ) ,  0 ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  A  e.  NN )  ->  ( 0p  oR  <_  ( G `  A )  /\  ( G `
  A )  oR  <_  ( G `  ( A  +  1 ) ) ) )
 
Theoremmbfi1fseqlem6 22670* Lemma for mbfi1fseq 22671. Verify that  G converges pointwise to  F, and wrap up the existence quantifier. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  J  =  ( m  e.  NN ,  y  e.  RR  |->  ( ( |_ `  (
 ( F `  y
 )  x.  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )  /  ( 2 ^ m ) ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( m  e.  NN  |->  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  ( -u m [,] m ) ,  if ( ( m J x ) 
 <_  m ,  ( m J x ) ,  m ) ,  0 ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E. g ( g : NN --> dom  S.1  /\  A. n  e.  NN  (
 0p  oR  <_  ( g `  n )  /\  ( g `  n )  oR  <_  ( g `  ( n  +  1 )
 ) )  /\  A. x  e.  RR  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( ( g `  n ) `
  x ) )  ~~>  ( F `  x ) ) )
 
Theoremmbfi1fseq 22671* A characterization of measurability in terms of simple functions (this is an if and only if for nonnegative functions, although we don't prove it). Any nonnegative measurable function is the limit of an increasing sequence of nonnegative simple functions. This proof is an example of a poor de Bruijn factor - the formalized proof is much longer than an average hand proof, which usually just describes the function  G and "leaves the details as an exercise to the reader". (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E. g ( g : NN --> dom  S.1  /\  A. n  e.  NN  (
 0p  oR  <_  ( g `  n )  /\  ( g `  n )  oR  <_  ( g `  ( n  +  1 )
 ) )  /\  A. x  e.  RR  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( ( g `  n ) `
  x ) )  ~~>  ( F `  x ) ) )
 
Theoremmbfi1flimlem 22672* Lemma for mbfi1flim 22673. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Sep-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E. g ( g : NN --> dom  S.1  /\ 
 A. x  e.  RR  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( ( g `  n ) `  x ) )  ~~>  ( F `  x ) ) )
 
Theoremmbfi1flim 22673* Any real measurable function has a sequence of simple functions that converges to it. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Sep-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E. g ( g : NN --> dom  S.1  /\ 
 A. x  e.  A  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( ( g `  n ) `  x ) )  ~~>  ( F `  x ) ) )
 
Theoremmbfmullem2 22674* Lemma for mbfmul 22676. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : A --> RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  P : NN --> dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( ( P `  n ) `
  x ) )  ~~>  ( F `  x ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Q : NN --> dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  A )  ->  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( ( Q `  n ) `
  x ) )  ~~>  ( G `  x ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F  oF  x.  G )  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfmullem 22675 Lemma for mbfmul 22676. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : A --> RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F  oF  x.  G )  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremmbfmul 22676 The product of two measurable functions is measurable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  e. MblFn )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e. MblFn )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F  oF  x.  G )  e. MblFn )
 
Theoremitg2lcl 22677* The set of lower sums is a set of extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  L  =  { x  |  E. g  e.  dom  S.1 ( g  oR  <_  F  /\  x  =  ( S.1 `  g
 ) ) }   =>    |-  L  C_  RR*
 
Theoremitg2val 22678* Value of the integral on nonnegative real functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  L  =  { x  |  E. g  e.  dom  S.1 ( g  oR  <_  F  /\  x  =  ( S.1 `  g
 ) ) }   =>    |-  ( F : RR
 --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  ->  ( S.2 `  F )  =  sup ( L ,  RR* ,  <  )
 )
 
Theoremitg2l 22679* Elementhood in the set  L of lower sums of the integral. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  L  =  { x  |  E. g  e.  dom  S.1 ( g  oR  <_  F  /\  x  =  ( S.1 `  g
 ) ) }   =>    |-  ( A  e.  L 
 <-> 
 E. g  e.  dom  S.1 ( g  oR  <_  F  /\  A  =  ( S.1 `  g )
 ) )
 
Theoremitg2lr 22680* Sufficient condition for elementhood in the set  L. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  L  =  { x  |  E. g  e.  dom  S.1 ( g  oR  <_  F  /\  x  =  ( S.1 `  g
 ) ) }   =>    |-  ( ( G  e.  dom  S.1  /\  G  oR  <_  F ) 
 ->  ( S.1 `  G )  e.  L )
 
Theoremxrge0f 22681 A real function is a nonnegative extended real function if all its values are greater or equal to zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F : RR
 --> RR  /\  0p  oR  <_  F )  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo ) )
 
Theoremitg2cl 22682 The integral of a nonnegative real function is an extended real number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  ->  ( S.2 `  F )  e.  RR* )
 
Theoremitg2ub 22683 The integral of a nonnegative real function  F is an upper bound on the integrals of all simple functions  G dominated by  F. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F : RR
 --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  /\  G  e.  dom  S.1  /\  G  oR  <_  F )  ->  ( S.1 `  G )  <_  ( S.2 `  F ) )
 
Theoremitg2leub 22684* Any upper bound on the integrals of all simple functions  G dominated by  F is greater than  ( S.2 `  F
), the least upper bound. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F : RR
 --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  /\  A  e.  RR* )  ->  ( ( S.2 `  F )  <_  A  <->  A. g  e.  dom  S.1 ( g  oR  <_  F  ->  ( S.1 `  g )  <_  A ) ) )
 
Theoremitg2ge0 22685 The integral of a nonnegative real function is greater or equal to zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( F : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  ->  0  <_  ( S.2 `  F ) )
 
Theoremitg2itg1 22686 The integral of a nonnegative simple function using  S.2 is the same as its value under  S.1. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F  e.  dom  S.1  /\  0p  oR  <_  F )  ->  ( S.2 `  F )  =  ( S.1 `  F ) )
 
Theoremitg20 22687 The integral of the zero function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( S.2 `  ( RR  X.  { 0 } ) )  =  0
 
Theoremitg2lecl 22688 If an  S.2 integral is bounded above, then it is real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F : RR
 --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  /\  A  e.  RR  /\  ( S.2 `  F )  <_  A )  ->  ( S.2 `  F )  e.  RR )
 
Theoremitg2le 22689 If one function dominates another, then the integral of the larger is also larger. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.)
 |-  ( ( F : RR
 --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  /\  G : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  /\  F  oR  <_  G )  ->  ( S.2 `  F )  <_  ( S.2 `  G )
 )
 
Theoremitg2const 22690* Integral of a constant function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  dom 
 vol  /\  ( vol `  A )  e.  RR  /\  B  e.  ( 0 [,) +oo ) )  ->  ( S.2 `  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  A ,  B ,  0 ) ) )  =  ( B  x.  ( vol `  A ) ) )
 
Theoremitg2const2 22691* When the base set of a constant function has infinite volume, the integral is also infinite and vice-versa. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  dom 
 vol  /\  B  e.  RR+ )  ->  ( ( vol `  A )  e.  RR  <->  ( S.2 `  ( x  e. 
 RR  |->  if ( x  e.  A ,  B , 
 0 ) ) )  e.  RR ) )
 
Theoremitg2seq 22692* Definitional property of the  S.2 integral: for any function  F there is a countable sequence 
g of simple functions less than  F whose integrals converge to the integral of  F. (This theorem is for the most part unnecessary in lieu of itg2i1fseq 22705, but unlike that theorem this one doesn't require  F to be measurable.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( F : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo )  ->  E. g ( g : NN --> dom  S.1  /\ 
 A. n  e.  NN  ( g `  n )  oR  <_  F  /\  ( S.2 `  F )  =  sup ( ran  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( S.1 `  ( g `  n ) ) ) ,  RR* ,  <  )
 ) )
 
Theoremitg2uba 22693* Approximate version of itg2ub 22683. If  F approximately dominates  G, then  S.1 G  <_  S.2 F. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  C_  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol* `  A )  =  0 )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  ( RR  \  A ) )  ->  ( G `
  x )  <_  ( F `  x ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.1 `  G )  <_  ( S.2 `  F )
 )
 
Theoremitg2lea 22694* Approximate version of itg2le 22689. If  F  <_  G for almost all  x, then  S.2 F  <_  S.2 G. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  C_  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol* `  A )  =  0 )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  ( RR  \  A ) )  ->  ( F `
  x )  <_  ( G `  x ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.2 `  F )  <_  ( S.2 `  G )
 )
 
Theoremitg2eqa 22695* Approximate equality of integrals. If  F  =  G for almost all  x, then  S.2 F  = 
S.2 G. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : RR --> ( 0 [,] +oo ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  C_  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol* `  A )  =  0 )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  x  e.  ( RR  \  A ) )  ->  ( F `
  x )  =  ( G `  x ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.2 `  F )  =  ( S.2 `  G ) )
 
Theoremitg2mulclem 22696 Lemma for itg2mulc 22697. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Jul-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.2 `  F )  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  RR+ )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.2 `  ( ( RR 
 X.  { A } )  oF  x.  F ) )  <_  ( A  x.  ( S.2 `  F ) ) )
 
Theoremitg2mulc 22697 The integral of a nonnegative constant times a function is the constant times the integral of the original function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jun-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.2 `  F )  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.2 `  ( ( RR 
 X.  { A } )  oF  x.  F ) )  =  ( A  x.  ( S.2 `  F ) ) )
 
Theoremitg2splitlem 22698* Lemma for itg2split 22699. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  dom  vol )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  dom  vol )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol* `  ( A  i^i  B ) )  =  0
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  U  =  ( A  u.  B ) )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  U ) 
 ->  C  e.  ( 0 [,] +oo ) )   &    |-  F  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  A ,  C ,  0 ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  B ,  C ,  0 ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  U ,  C ,  0 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.2 `  F )  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.2 `  G )  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.2 `  H )  <_  ( ( S.2 `  F )  +  ( S.2 `  G ) ) )
 
Theoremitg2split 22699* The  S.2 integral splits under an almost disjoint union. (The proof avoids the use of itg2add 22709 which requires CC.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2014.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  dom  vol )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  dom  vol )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( vol* `  ( A  i^i  B ) )  =  0
 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  U  =  ( A  u.  B ) )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  U ) 
 ->  C  e.  ( 0 [,] +oo ) )   &    |-  F  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  A ,  C ,  0 ) )   &    |-  G  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  B ,  C ,  0 ) )   &    |-  H  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  if ( x  e.  U ,  C ,  0 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.2 `  F )  e.  RR )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (
 S.2 `  G )  e.  RR )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S.2 `  H )  =  ( ( S.2 `  F )  +  ( S.2 `  G ) ) )
 
Theoremitg2monolem1 22700* Lemma for itg2mono 22703. We show that for any constant  t less than one,  t  x.  S.1 H is less than  S, and so  S.1 H  <_  S, which is one half of the equality in itg2mono 22703. Consider the sequence  A ( n )  =  { x  |  t  x.  H  <_  F ( n ) }. This is an increasing sequence of measurable sets whose union is  RR, and so  H  |`  A ( n ) has an integral which equals  S.1 H in the limit, by itg1climres 22664. Then by taking the limit in  ( t  x.  H )  |`  A ( n )  <_  F
( n ), we get  t  x.  S.1 H  <_  S as desired. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
 |-  G  =  ( x  e.  RR  |->  sup ( ran  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( ( F `  n ) `  x ) ) ,  RR ,  <  ) )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  n  e. 
 NN )  ->  ( F `  n )  e. MblFn
 )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  n  e.  NN )  ->  ( F `  n ) : RR --> ( 0 [,) +oo ) )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  n  e.  NN )  ->  ( F `  n )  oR  <_  ( F `  ( n  +  1 ) ) )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  x  e.  RR )  ->  E. y  e.  RR  A. n  e. 
 NN  ( ( F `
  n ) `  x )  <_  y )   &    |-  S  =  sup ( ran  ( n  e.  NN  |->  ( S.2 `  ( F `  n ) ) ) ,  RR* ,  <  )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  T  e.  (
 0 (,) 1 ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  H  e.  dom  S.1 )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  H  oR  <_  G )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  S  e.  RR )   &    |-  A  =  ( n  e.  NN  |->  { x  e.  RR  |  ( T  x.  ( H `  x ) ) 
 <_  ( ( F `  n ) `  x ) } )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( T  x.  ( S.1 `  H ) )  <_  S )
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