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Theorem hashgcdeq 31134
Description: Number of initial positive integers with specified divisors. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 12-Sep-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
hashgcdeq  |-  ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  ->  ( # `  {
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } )  =  if ( N 
||  M ,  ( phi `  ( M  /  N ) ) ,  0 ) )
Distinct variable groups:    x, M    x, N

Proof of Theorem hashgcdeq
Dummy variables  z 
y are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqeq2 2458 . 2  |-  ( ( phi `  ( M  /  N ) )  =  if ( N 
||  M ,  ( phi `  ( M  /  N ) ) ,  0 )  -> 
( ( # `  {
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } )  =  ( phi `  ( M  /  N
) )  <->  ( # `  {
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } )  =  if ( N 
||  M ,  ( phi `  ( M  /  N ) ) ,  0 ) ) )
2 eqeq2 2458 . 2  |-  ( 0  =  if ( N 
||  M ,  ( phi `  ( M  /  N ) ) ,  0 )  -> 
( ( # `  {
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } )  =  0  <->  ( # `  {
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } )  =  if ( N 
||  M ,  ( phi `  ( M  /  N ) ) ,  0 ) ) )
3 nndivdvds 13869 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  ->  ( N  ||  M  <->  ( M  /  N )  e.  NN ) )
43biimpa 484 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  N  ||  M
)  ->  ( M  /  N )  e.  NN )
5 dfphi2 14181 . . . 4  |-  ( ( M  /  N )  e.  NN  ->  ( phi `  ( M  /  N ) )  =  ( # `  {
y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N
) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 } ) )
64, 5syl 16 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  N  ||  M
)  ->  ( phi `  ( M  /  N
) )  =  (
# `  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N
) )  =  1 } ) )
7 eqid 2443 . . . . . 6  |-  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }  =  {
y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N
) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }
8 eqid 2443 . . . . . 6  |-  { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N }  =  { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M
)  =  N }
9 eqid 2443 . . . . . 6  |-  ( z  e.  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N
) )  =  1 }  |->  ( z  x.  N ) )  =  ( z  e.  {
y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N
) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }  |->  ( z  x.  N ) )
107, 8, 9hashgcdlem 31133 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN  /\  N  ||  M )  ->  (
z  e.  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }  |->  ( z  x.  N ) ) : { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N
) )  =  1 } -1-1-onto-> { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M
)  =  N }
)
11103expa 1197 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  N  ||  M
)  ->  ( z  e.  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }  |->  ( z  x.  N ) ) : { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 } -1-1-onto-> { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M
)  =  N }
)
12 ovex 6309 . . . . . 6  |-  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N
) )  e.  _V
1312rabex 4588 . . . . 5  |-  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }  e.  _V
1413f1oen 7538 . . . 4  |-  ( ( z  e.  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }  |->  ( z  x.  N ) ) : { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N
) )  =  1 } -1-1-onto-> { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M
)  =  N }  ->  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }  ~~  { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } )
15 hasheni 12400 . . . 4  |-  ( { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N
) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 }  ~~  { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N }  ->  (
# `  { y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N ) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N
) )  =  1 } )  =  (
# `  { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N }
) )
1611, 14, 153syl 20 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  N  ||  M
)  ->  ( # `  {
y  e.  ( 0..^ ( M  /  N
) )  |  ( y  gcd  ( M  /  N ) )  =  1 } )  =  ( # `  {
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } ) )
176, 16eqtr2d 2485 . 2  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  N  ||  M
)  ->  ( # `  {
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } )  =  ( phi `  ( M  /  N
) ) )
18 simprr 757 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  ( x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  /\  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N ) )  ->  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N )
19 elfzoelz 11808 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  ->  x  e.  ZZ )
2019ad2antrl 727 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  ( x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  /\  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N ) )  ->  x  e.  ZZ )
21 nnz 10892 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( M  e.  NN  ->  M  e.  ZZ )
2221ad2antrr 725 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  ( x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  /\  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N ) )  ->  M  e.  ZZ )
23 gcddvds 14030 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( x  e.  ZZ  /\  M  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( ( x  gcd  M )  ||  x  /\  ( x  gcd  M ) 
||  M ) )
2420, 22, 23syl2anc 661 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  ( x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  /\  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N ) )  ->  ( (
x  gcd  M )  ||  x  /\  (
x  gcd  M )  ||  M ) )
2524simprd 463 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  ( x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  /\  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N ) )  ->  ( x  gcd  M )  ||  M
)
2618, 25eqbrtrrd 4459 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  ( x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  /\  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N ) )  ->  N  ||  M
)
2726expr 615 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  x  e.  ( 0..^ M ) )  ->  ( ( x  gcd  M )  =  N  ->  N  ||  M
) )
2827con3d 133 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  x  e.  ( 0..^ M ) )  ->  ( -.  N  ||  M  ->  -.  (
x  gcd  M )  =  N ) )
2928impancom 440 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  -.  N  ||  M )  ->  (
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  ->  -.  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N ) )
3029ralrimiv 2855 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  -.  N  ||  M )  ->  A. x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  -.  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N )
31 rabeq0 3793 . . . . 5  |-  ( { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N }  =  (/)  <->  A. x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  -.  (
x  gcd  M )  =  N )
3230, 31sylibr 212 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  -.  N  ||  M )  ->  { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N }  =  (/) )
3332fveq2d 5860 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  -.  N  ||  M )  ->  ( # `
 { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N }
)  =  ( # `  (/) ) )
34 hash0 12416 . . 3  |-  ( # `  (/) )  =  0
3533, 34syl6eq 2500 . 2  |-  ( ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  /\  -.  N  ||  M )  ->  ( # `
 { x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N }
)  =  0 )
361, 2, 17, 35ifbothda 3961 1  |-  ( ( M  e.  NN  /\  N  e.  NN )  ->  ( # `  {
x  e.  ( 0..^ M )  |  ( x  gcd  M )  =  N } )  =  if ( N 
||  M ,  ( phi `  ( M  /  N ) ) ,  0 ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    /\ wa 369    = wceq 1383    e. wcel 1804   A.wral 2793   {crab 2797   (/)c0 3770   ifcif 3926   class class class wbr 4437    |-> cmpt 4495   -1-1-onto->wf1o 5577   ` cfv 5578  (class class class)co 6281    ~~ cen 7515   0cc0 9495   1c1 9496    x. cmul 9500    / cdiv 10212   NNcn 10542   ZZcz 10870  ..^cfzo 11803   #chash 12384    || cdvds 13863    gcd cgcd 14021   phicphi 14171
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1605  ax-4 1618  ax-5 1691  ax-6 1734  ax-7 1776  ax-8 1806  ax-9 1808  ax-10 1823  ax-11 1828  ax-12 1840  ax-13 1985  ax-ext 2421  ax-rep 4548  ax-sep 4558  ax-nul 4566  ax-pow 4615  ax-pr 4676  ax-un 6577  ax-cnex 9551  ax-resscn 9552  ax-1cn 9553  ax-icn 9554  ax-addcl 9555  ax-addrcl 9556  ax-mulcl 9557  ax-mulrcl 9558  ax-mulcom 9559  ax-addass 9560  ax-mulass 9561  ax-distr 9562  ax-i2m1 9563  ax-1ne0 9564  ax-1rid 9565  ax-rnegex 9566  ax-rrecex 9567  ax-cnre 9568  ax-pre-lttri 9569  ax-pre-lttrn 9570  ax-pre-ltadd 9571  ax-pre-mulgt0 9572  ax-pre-sup 9573
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 185  df-or 370  df-an 371  df-3or 975  df-3an 976  df-tru 1386  df-ex 1600  df-nf 1604  df-sb 1727  df-eu 2272  df-mo 2273  df-clab 2429  df-cleq 2435  df-clel 2438  df-nfc 2593  df-ne 2640  df-nel 2641  df-ral 2798  df-rex 2799  df-reu 2800  df-rmo 2801  df-rab 2802  df-v 3097  df-sbc 3314  df-csb 3421  df-dif 3464  df-un 3466  df-in 3468  df-ss 3475  df-pss 3477  df-nul 3771  df-if 3927  df-pw 3999  df-sn 4015  df-pr 4017  df-tp 4019  df-op 4021  df-uni 4235  df-int 4272  df-iun 4317  df-br 4438  df-opab 4496  df-mpt 4497  df-tr 4531  df-eprel 4781  df-id 4785  df-po 4790  df-so 4791  df-fr 4828  df-we 4830  df-ord 4871  df-on 4872  df-lim 4873  df-suc 4874  df-xp 4995  df-rel 4996  df-cnv 4997  df-co 4998  df-dm 4999  df-rn 5000  df-res 5001  df-ima 5002  df-iota 5541  df-fun 5580  df-fn 5581  df-f 5582  df-f1 5583  df-fo 5584  df-f1o 5585  df-fv 5586  df-riota 6242  df-ov 6284  df-oprab 6285  df-mpt2 6286  df-om 6686  df-1st 6785  df-2nd 6786  df-recs 7044  df-rdg 7078  df-1o 7132  df-oadd 7136  df-er 7313  df-en 7519  df-dom 7520  df-sdom 7521  df-fin 7522  df-sup 7903  df-card 8323  df-pnf 9633  df-mnf 9634  df-xr 9635  df-ltxr 9636  df-le 9637  df-sub 9812  df-neg 9813  df-div 10213  df-nn 10543  df-2 10600  df-3 10601  df-n0 10802  df-z 10871  df-uz 11091  df-rp 11230  df-fz 11682  df-fzo 11804  df-fl 11908  df-mod 11976  df-seq 12087  df-exp 12146  df-hash 12385  df-cj 12911  df-re 12912  df-im 12913  df-sqrt 13047  df-abs 13048  df-dvds 13864  df-gcd 14022  df-phi 14173
This theorem is referenced by:  phisum  31135
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