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Theorem fsumkthpow 14087
Description: A closed-form expression for the sum of  K-th powers. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-May-2014.) This is Metamath 100 proof #77. (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Jun-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
fsumkthpow  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( n ^ K )  =  ( ( ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  ( M  + 
1 ) )  -  ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  0 ) )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) )
Distinct variable groups:    n, K    n, M

Proof of Theorem fsumkthpow
Dummy variable  k is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nn0p1nn 10909 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  NN0  ->  ( K  +  1 )  e.  NN )
21adantr 466 . . 3  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( K  +  1 )  e.  NN )
32nncnd 10625 . 2  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( K  +  1 )  e.  CC )
4 fzfid 12183 . . 3  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( 0 ... M
)  e.  Fin )
5 elfzelz 11798 . . . . 5  |-  ( n  e.  ( 0 ... M )  ->  n  e.  ZZ )
65zcnd 11041 . . . 4  |-  ( n  e.  ( 0 ... M )  ->  n  e.  CC )
7 simpl 458 . . . 4  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  K  e.  NN0 )
8 expcl 12287 . . . 4  |-  ( ( n  e.  CC  /\  K  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( n ^ K
)  e.  CC )
96, 7, 8syl2anr 480 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  n  e.  (
0 ... M ) )  ->  ( n ^ K )  e.  CC )
104, 9fsumcl 13777 . 2  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( n ^ K )  e.  CC )
112nnne0d 10654 . 2  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( K  +  1 )  =/=  0 )
124, 3, 9fsummulc2 13823 . . 3  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( K  + 
1 )  x.  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( n ^ K ) )  =  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( ( K  + 
1 )  x.  (
n ^ K ) ) )
13 bpolydif 14086 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( K  +  1 )  e.  NN  /\  n  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  (
n  +  1 ) )  -  ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  n ) )  =  ( ( K  + 
1 )  x.  (
n ^ ( ( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) ) ) )
142, 6, 13syl2an 479 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  n  e.  (
0 ... M ) )  ->  ( ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  ( n  +  1
) )  -  (
( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  n ) )  =  ( ( K  + 
1 )  x.  (
n ^ ( ( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) ) ) )
15 nn0cn 10879 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( K  e.  NN0  ->  K  e.  CC )
1615ad2antrr 730 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  n  e.  (
0 ... M ) )  ->  K  e.  CC )
17 ax-1cn 9596 . . . . . . . 8  |-  1  e.  CC
18 pncan 9880 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( K  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( K  + 
1 )  -  1 )  =  K )
1916, 17, 18sylancl 666 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  n  e.  (
0 ... M ) )  ->  ( ( K  +  1 )  - 
1 )  =  K )
2019oveq2d 6321 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  n  e.  (
0 ... M ) )  ->  ( n ^
( ( K  + 
1 )  -  1 ) )  =  ( n ^ K ) )
2120oveq2d 6321 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  n  e.  (
0 ... M ) )  ->  ( ( K  +  1 )  x.  ( n ^ (
( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( K  +  1 )  x.  ( n ^ K ) ) )
2214, 21eqtrd 2470 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  n  e.  (
0 ... M ) )  ->  ( ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  ( n  +  1
) )  -  (
( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  n ) )  =  ( ( K  + 
1 )  x.  (
n ^ K ) ) )
2322sumeq2dv 13747 . . 3  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  ( n  +  1 ) )  -  ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  n
) )  =  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( ( K  +  1 )  x.  ( n ^ K ) ) )
24 oveq2 6313 . . . 4  |-  ( k  =  n  ->  (
( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  k )  =  ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  n )
)
25 oveq2 6313 . . . 4  |-  ( k  =  ( n  + 
1 )  ->  (
( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  k )  =  ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  ( n  +  1 ) ) )
26 oveq2 6313 . . . 4  |-  ( k  =  0  ->  (
( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  k )  =  ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  0 ) )
27 oveq2 6313 . . . 4  |-  ( k  =  ( M  + 
1 )  ->  (
( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  k )  =  ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  ( M  +  1 ) ) )
28 nn0z 10960 . . . . 5  |-  ( M  e.  NN0  ->  M  e.  ZZ )
2928adantl 467 . . . 4  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  M  e.  ZZ )
30 peano2nn0 10910 . . . . . 6  |-  ( M  e.  NN0  ->  ( M  +  1 )  e. 
NN0 )
3130adantl 467 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( M  +  1 )  e.  NN0 )
32 nn0uz 11193 . . . . 5  |-  NN0  =  ( ZZ>= `  0 )
3331, 32syl6eleq 2527 . . . 4  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( M  +  1 )  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
0 ) )
34 peano2nn0 10910 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  NN0  ->  ( K  +  1 )  e. 
NN0 )
3534ad2antrr 730 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  (
0 ... ( M  + 
1 ) ) )  ->  ( K  + 
1 )  e.  NN0 )
36 elfznn0 11885 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( k  e.  ( 0 ... ( M  +  1 ) )  ->  k  e.  NN0 )
3736adantl 467 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  (
0 ... ( M  + 
1 ) ) )  ->  k  e.  NN0 )
3837nn0cnd 10927 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  (
0 ... ( M  + 
1 ) ) )  ->  k  e.  CC )
39 bpolycl 14083 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( K  +  1 )  e.  NN0  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  k )  e.  CC )
4035, 38, 39syl2anc 665 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  /\  k  e.  (
0 ... ( M  + 
1 ) ) )  ->  ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  k
)  e.  CC )
4124, 25, 26, 27, 29, 33, 40telfsum2 13843 . . 3  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  ( n  +  1 ) )  -  ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  n
) )  =  ( ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  ( M  +  1 ) )  -  ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  0
) ) )
4212, 23, 413eqtr2d 2476 . 2  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( K  + 
1 )  x.  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( n ^ K ) )  =  ( ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  ( M  +  1
) )  -  (
( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  0 ) ) )
433, 10, 11, 42mvllmuld 10438 1  |-  ( ( K  e.  NN0  /\  M  e.  NN0 )  ->  sum_ n  e.  ( 0 ... M ) ( n ^ K )  =  ( ( ( ( K  +  1 ) BernPoly  ( M  + 
1 ) )  -  ( ( K  + 
1 ) BernPoly  0 ) )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    /\ wa 370    = wceq 1437    e. wcel 1870   ` cfv 5601  (class class class)co 6305   CCcc 9536   0cc0 9538   1c1 9539    + caddc 9541    x. cmul 9543    - cmin 9859    / cdiv 10268   NNcn 10609   NN0cn0 10869   ZZcz 10937   ZZ>=cuz 11159   ...cfz 11782   ^cexp 12269   sum_csu 13730   BernPoly cbp 14077
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1665  ax-4 1678  ax-5 1751  ax-6 1797  ax-7 1841  ax-8 1872  ax-9 1874  ax-10 1889  ax-11 1894  ax-12 1907  ax-13 2055  ax-ext 2407  ax-rep 4538  ax-sep 4548  ax-nul 4556  ax-pow 4603  ax-pr 4661  ax-un 6597  ax-inf2 8146  ax-cnex 9594  ax-resscn 9595  ax-1cn 9596  ax-icn 9597  ax-addcl 9598  ax-addrcl 9599  ax-mulcl 9600  ax-mulrcl 9601  ax-mulcom 9602  ax-addass 9603  ax-mulass 9604  ax-distr 9605  ax-i2m1 9606  ax-1ne0 9607  ax-1rid 9608  ax-rnegex 9609  ax-rrecex 9610  ax-cnre 9611  ax-pre-lttri 9612  ax-pre-lttrn 9613  ax-pre-ltadd 9614  ax-pre-mulgt0 9615  ax-pre-sup 9616
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 188  df-or 371  df-an 372  df-3or 983  df-3an 984  df-tru 1440  df-fal 1443  df-ex 1660  df-nf 1664  df-sb 1790  df-eu 2270  df-mo 2271  df-clab 2415  df-cleq 2421  df-clel 2424  df-nfc 2579  df-ne 2627  df-nel 2628  df-ral 2787  df-rex 2788  df-reu 2789  df-rmo 2790  df-rab 2791  df-v 3089  df-sbc 3306  df-csb 3402  df-dif 3445  df-un 3447  df-in 3449  df-ss 3456  df-pss 3458  df-nul 3768  df-if 3916  df-pw 3987  df-sn 4003  df-pr 4005  df-tp 4007  df-op 4009  df-uni 4223  df-int 4259  df-iun 4304  df-br 4427  df-opab 4485  df-mpt 4486  df-tr 4521  df-eprel 4765  df-id 4769  df-po 4775  df-so 4776  df-fr 4813  df-se 4814  df-we 4815  df-xp 4860  df-rel 4861  df-cnv 4862  df-co 4863  df-dm 4864  df-rn 4865  df-res 4866  df-ima 4867  df-pred 5399  df-ord 5445  df-on 5446  df-lim 5447  df-suc 5448  df-iota 5565  df-fun 5603  df-fn 5604  df-f 5605  df-f1 5606  df-fo 5607  df-f1o 5608  df-fv 5609  df-isom 5610  df-riota 6267  df-ov 6308  df-oprab 6309  df-mpt2 6310  df-om 6707  df-1st 6807  df-2nd 6808  df-wrecs 7036  df-recs 7098  df-rdg 7136  df-1o 7190  df-oadd 7194  df-er 7371  df-en 7578  df-dom 7579  df-sdom 7580  df-fin 7581  df-sup 7962  df-oi 8025  df-card 8372  df-pnf 9676  df-mnf 9677  df-xr 9678  df-ltxr 9679  df-le 9680  df-sub 9861  df-neg 9862  df-div 10269  df-nn 10610  df-2 10668  df-3 10669  df-n0 10870  df-z 10938  df-uz 11160  df-rp 11303  df-fz 11783  df-fzo 11914  df-seq 12211  df-exp 12270  df-fac 12457  df-bc 12485  df-hash 12513  df-cj 13141  df-re 13142  df-im 13143  df-sqrt 13277  df-abs 13278  df-clim 13530  df-sum 13731  df-bpoly 14078
This theorem is referenced by:  fsumcube  14091
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