MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  exprmfct Structured version   Unicode version

Theorem exprmfct 14232
Description: Every integer greater than or equal to 2 has a prime factor. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 26-Oct-2012.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 20-Jun-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
exprmfct  |-  ( N  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  N
)
Distinct variable group:    N, p

Proof of Theorem exprmfct
Dummy variables  x  y  z are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eluz2nn 11129 . 2  |-  ( N  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  N  e.  NN )
2 eleq1 2515 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  1  ->  (
x  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  <->  1  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
) )
32imbi1d 317 . . 3  |-  ( x  =  1  ->  (
( x  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x )  <->  ( 1  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  x
) ) )
4 eleq1 2515 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  (
x  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  <->  y  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
) )
5 breq2 4441 . . . . 5  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  (
p  ||  x  <->  p  ||  y
) )
65rexbidv 2954 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  ( E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x  <->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  y
) )
74, 6imbi12d 320 . . 3  |-  ( x  =  y  ->  (
( x  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x )  <->  ( y  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  y ) ) )
8 eleq1 2515 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  z  ->  (
x  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  <->  z  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
) )
9 breq2 4441 . . . . 5  |-  ( x  =  z  ->  (
p  ||  x  <->  p  ||  z
) )
109rexbidv 2954 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  z  ->  ( E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x  <->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  z
) )
118, 10imbi12d 320 . . 3  |-  ( x  =  z  ->  (
( x  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x )  <->  ( z  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  z ) ) )
12 eleq1 2515 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  ( y  x.  z )  ->  (
x  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  <->  ( y  x.  z )  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 ) ) )
13 breq2 4441 . . . . 5  |-  ( x  =  ( y  x.  z )  ->  (
p  ||  x  <->  p  ||  (
y  x.  z ) ) )
1413rexbidv 2954 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  ( y  x.  z )  ->  ( E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x  <->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  (
y  x.  z ) ) )
1512, 14imbi12d 320 . . 3  |-  ( x  =  ( y  x.  z )  ->  (
( x  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x )  <->  ( (
y  x.  z )  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  (
y  x.  z ) ) ) )
16 eleq1 2515 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  N  ->  (
x  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  <->  N  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
) )
17 breq2 4441 . . . . 5  |-  ( x  =  N  ->  (
p  ||  x  <->  p  ||  N
) )
1817rexbidv 2954 . . . 4  |-  ( x  =  N  ->  ( E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x  <->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  N
) )
1916, 18imbi12d 320 . . 3  |-  ( x  =  N  ->  (
( x  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  x )  <->  ( N  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  N ) ) )
20 1m1e0 10611 . . . . 5  |-  ( 1  -  1 )  =  0
21 uz2m1nn 11166 . . . . 5  |-  ( 1  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  ( 1  -  1 )  e.  NN )
2220, 21syl5eqelr 2536 . . . 4  |-  ( 1  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  0  e.  NN )
23 0nnn 10574 . . . . 5  |-  -.  0  e.  NN
2423pm2.21i 131 . . . 4  |-  ( 0  e.  NN  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  x
)
2522, 24syl 16 . . 3  |-  ( 1  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  x
)
26 prmz 14202 . . . . . 6  |-  ( x  e.  Prime  ->  x  e.  ZZ )
27 iddvds 13978 . . . . . 6  |-  ( x  e.  ZZ  ->  x  ||  x )
2826, 27syl 16 . . . . 5  |-  ( x  e.  Prime  ->  x  ||  x )
29 breq1 4440 . . . . . 6  |-  ( p  =  x  ->  (
p  ||  x  <->  x  ||  x
) )
3029rspcev 3196 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( x  e.  Prime  /\  x  ||  x )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  x
)
3128, 30mpdan 668 . . . 4  |-  ( x  e.  Prime  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  x
)
3231a1d 25 . . 3  |-  ( x  e.  Prime  ->  ( x  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  x
) )
33 simpl 457 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( y  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)  ->  y  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)
34 eluzelz 11100 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( y  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  y  e.  ZZ )
3534ad2antrr 725 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( y  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 ) )  /\  p  e.  Prime )  -> 
y  e.  ZZ )
36 eluzelz 11100 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( z  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  z  e.  ZZ )
3736ad2antlr 726 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( y  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 ) )  /\  p  e.  Prime )  -> 
z  e.  ZZ )
38 dvdsmul1 13986 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( y  e.  ZZ  /\  z  e.  ZZ )  ->  y  ||  ( y  x.  z ) )
3935, 37, 38syl2anc 661 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( y  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 ) )  /\  p  e.  Prime )  -> 
y  ||  ( y  x.  z ) )
40 prmz 14202 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( p  e.  Prime  ->  p  e.  ZZ )
4140adantl 466 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( y  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 ) )  /\  p  e.  Prime )  ->  p  e.  ZZ )
4235, 37zmulcld 10981 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( y  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 ) )  /\  p  e.  Prime )  -> 
( y  x.  z
)  e.  ZZ )
43 dvdstr 13999 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( p  e.  ZZ  /\  y  e.  ZZ  /\  (
y  x.  z )  e.  ZZ )  -> 
( ( p  ||  y  /\  y  ||  (
y  x.  z ) )  ->  p  ||  (
y  x.  z ) ) )
4441, 35, 42, 43syl3anc 1229 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( y  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 ) )  /\  p  e.  Prime )  -> 
( ( p  ||  y  /\  y  ||  (
y  x.  z ) )  ->  p  ||  (
y  x.  z ) ) )
4539, 44mpan2d 674 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( y  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 ) )  /\  p  e.  Prime )  -> 
( p  ||  y  ->  p  ||  ( y  x.  z ) ) )
4645reximdva 2918 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( y  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)  ->  ( E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  y  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  ( y  x.  z ) ) )
4733, 46embantd 54 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( y  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)  ->  ( (
y  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  y
)  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  (
y  x.  z ) ) )
4847a1dd 46 . . . 4  |-  ( ( y  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)  ->  ( (
y  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  y
)  ->  ( (
y  x.  z )  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  (
y  x.  z ) ) ) )
4948adantrd 468 . . 3  |-  ( ( y  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  /\  z  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )
)  ->  ( (
( y  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  y )  /\  ( z  e.  (
ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  z ) )  ->  ( ( y  x.  z )  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p 
||  ( y  x.  z ) ) ) )
503, 7, 11, 15, 19, 25, 32, 49prmind 14210 . 2  |-  ( N  e.  NN  ->  ( N  e.  ( ZZ>= ` 
2 )  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  N
) )
511, 50mpcom 36 1  |-  ( N  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2
)  ->  E. p  e.  Prime  p  ||  N
)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    /\ wa 369    = wceq 1383    e. wcel 1804   E.wrex 2794   class class class wbr 4437   ` cfv 5578  (class class class)co 6281   0cc0 9495   1c1 9496    x. cmul 9500    - cmin 9810   NNcn 10543   2c2 10592   ZZcz 10871   ZZ>=cuz 11091    || cdvds 13967   Primecprime 14198
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1605  ax-4 1618  ax-5 1691  ax-6 1734  ax-7 1776  ax-8 1806  ax-9 1808  ax-10 1823  ax-11 1828  ax-12 1840  ax-13 1985  ax-ext 2421  ax-sep 4558  ax-nul 4566  ax-pow 4615  ax-pr 4676  ax-un 6577  ax-cnex 9551  ax-resscn 9552  ax-1cn 9553  ax-icn 9554  ax-addcl 9555  ax-addrcl 9556  ax-mulcl 9557  ax-mulrcl 9558  ax-mulcom 9559  ax-addass 9560  ax-mulass 9561  ax-distr 9562  ax-i2m1 9563  ax-1ne0 9564  ax-1rid 9565  ax-rnegex 9566  ax-rrecex 9567  ax-cnre 9568  ax-pre-lttri 9569  ax-pre-lttrn 9570  ax-pre-ltadd 9571  ax-pre-mulgt0 9572
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 185  df-or 370  df-an 371  df-3or 975  df-3an 976  df-tru 1386  df-ex 1600  df-nf 1604  df-sb 1727  df-eu 2272  df-mo 2273  df-clab 2429  df-cleq 2435  df-clel 2438  df-nfc 2593  df-ne 2640  df-nel 2641  df-ral 2798  df-rex 2799  df-reu 2800  df-rmo 2801  df-rab 2802  df-v 3097  df-sbc 3314  df-csb 3421  df-dif 3464  df-un 3466  df-in 3468  df-ss 3475  df-pss 3477  df-nul 3771  df-if 3927  df-pw 3999  df-sn 4015  df-pr 4017  df-tp 4019  df-op 4021  df-uni 4235  df-int 4272  df-iun 4317  df-br 4438  df-opab 4496  df-mpt 4497  df-tr 4531  df-eprel 4781  df-id 4785  df-po 4790  df-so 4791  df-fr 4828  df-we 4830  df-ord 4871  df-on 4872  df-lim 4873  df-suc 4874  df-xp 4995  df-rel 4996  df-cnv 4997  df-co 4998  df-dm 4999  df-rn 5000  df-res 5001  df-ima 5002  df-iota 5541  df-fun 5580  df-fn 5581  df-f 5582  df-f1 5583  df-fo 5584  df-f1o 5585  df-fv 5586  df-riota 6242  df-ov 6284  df-oprab 6285  df-mpt2 6286  df-om 6686  df-1st 6785  df-2nd 6786  df-recs 7044  df-rdg 7078  df-1o 7132  df-2o 7133  df-oadd 7136  df-er 7313  df-en 7519  df-dom 7520  df-sdom 7521  df-fin 7522  df-pnf 9633  df-mnf 9634  df-xr 9635  df-ltxr 9636  df-le 9637  df-sub 9812  df-neg 9813  df-div 10214  df-nn 10544  df-2 10601  df-n0 10803  df-z 10872  df-uz 11092  df-rp 11231  df-fz 11683  df-dvds 13968  df-prm 14199
This theorem is referenced by:  isprm5  14234  maxprmfct  14235  rpexp  14242  pc2dvds  14383  prmunb  14413  ablfacrplem  17094  muval1  23383  musum  23443  lgsne0  23584  dchrisum0flb  23671  frgrareggt1  25092  nn0prpwlem  30115
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator