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Theorem bcp1nk 11563
Description: The proportion of one binomial coefficient to another with  N and  K increased by 1. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Jan-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
bcp1nk  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  ( K  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) )

Proof of Theorem bcp1nk
StepHypRef Expression
1 elfzel1 11014 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  0  e.  ZZ )
2 elfzel2 11013 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  N  e.  ZZ )
3 elfzelz 11015 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  e.  ZZ )
4 1z 10267 . . . . . . 7  |-  1  e.  ZZ
54a1i 11 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  1  e.  ZZ )
6 fzaddel 11043 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( 0  e.  ZZ  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  /\  ( K  e.  ZZ  /\  1  e.  ZZ ) )  -> 
( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  <-> 
( K  +  1 )  e.  ( ( 0  +  1 ) ... ( N  + 
1 ) ) ) )
71, 2, 3, 5, 6syl22anc 1185 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  <->  ( K  +  1 )  e.  ( ( 0  +  1 ) ... ( N  +  1 ) ) ) )
87ibi 233 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( K  +  1 )  e.  ( ( 0  +  1 ) ... ( N  +  1 ) ) )
9 1e0p1 10366 . . . . 5  |-  1  =  ( 0  +  1 )
109oveq1i 6050 . . . 4  |-  ( 1 ... ( N  + 
1 ) )  =  ( ( 0  +  1 ) ... ( N  +  1 ) )
118, 10syl6eleqr 2495 . . 3  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( K  +  1 )  e.  ( 1 ... ( N  +  1 ) ) )
12 bcm1k 11561 . . 3  |-  ( ( K  +  1 )  e.  ( 1 ... ( N  +  1 ) )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  ( K  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  _C  ( ( K  +  1 )  - 
1 ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  ( ( K  + 
1 )  -  1 ) )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) )
1311, 12syl 16 . 2  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  ( K  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  _C  ( ( K  +  1 )  - 
1 ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  ( ( K  + 
1 )  -  1 ) )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) )
143zcnd 10332 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  e.  CC )
15 ax-1cn 9004 . . . . . . 7  |-  1  e.  CC
16 pncan 9267 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( K  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( K  + 
1 )  -  1 )  =  K )
1714, 15, 16sylancl 644 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( K  +  1 )  -  1 )  =  K )
1817oveq2d 6056 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  ( ( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  _C  K ) )
19 bcp1n 11562 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  K )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )
2018, 19eqtrd 2436 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  ( ( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )
2117oveq2d 6056 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  ( ( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )
2221oveq1d 6055 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  + 
1 )  -  (
( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) )  /  ( K  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  / 
( K  +  1 ) ) )
2320, 22oveq12d 6058 . . 3  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  + 
1 )  _C  (
( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  ( ( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) )  /  ( K  + 
1 ) ) )  =  ( ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  +  1 )  / 
( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
) ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) )
24 bcrpcl 11554 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  _C  K )  e.  RR+ )
2524rpcnd 10606 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  _C  K )  e.  CC )
262peano2zd 10334 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  ZZ )
2726zred 10331 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  RR )
283zred 10331 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  e.  RR )
292zred 10331 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  N  e.  RR )
30 elfzle2 11017 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  <_  N )
3129ltp1d 9897 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  N  <  ( N  +  1 ) )
3228, 29, 27, 30, 31lelttrd 9184 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  <  ( N  +  1 ) )
33 znnsub 10278 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( K  e.  ZZ  /\  ( N  +  1
)  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( K  < 
( N  +  1 )  <->  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  e.  NN ) )
343, 26, 33syl2anc 643 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( K  <  ( N  + 
1 )  <->  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  e.  NN ) )
3532, 34mpbid 202 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K )  e.  NN )
3627, 35nndivred 10004 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  /  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  e.  RR )
3736recnd 9070 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  /  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  e.  CC )
3835nnred 9971 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K )  e.  RR )
39 elfznn0 11039 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  e.  NN0 )
40 nn0p1nn 10215 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  NN0  ->  ( K  +  1 )  e.  NN )
4139, 40syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( K  +  1 )  e.  NN )
4238, 41nndivred 10004 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
)  /  ( K  +  1 ) )  e.  RR )
4342recnd 9070 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
)  /  ( K  +  1 ) )  e.  CC )
4425, 37, 43mulassd 9067 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  _C  K )  x.  (
( N  +  1 )  /  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  /  ( K  + 
1 ) ) )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  / 
( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
) )  x.  (
( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
)  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
4526zcnd 10332 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  CC )
4635nncnd 9972 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K )  e.  CC )
4741nncnd 9972 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( K  +  1 )  e.  CC )
4835nnne0d 10000 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K )  =/=  0 )
4941nnne0d 10000 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( K  +  1 )  =/=  0 )
5045, 46, 47, 48, 49dmdcan2d 9776 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  + 
1 )  /  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  /  ( K  + 
1 ) ) )  =  ( ( N  +  1 )  / 
( K  +  1 ) ) )
5150oveq2d 6056 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  _C  K
)  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  /  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  / 
( K  +  1 ) ) ) )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) )
5244, 51eqtrd 2436 . . 3  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  _C  K )  x.  (
( N  +  1 )  /  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  /  ( K  + 
1 ) ) )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) )
5323, 52eqtrd 2436 . 2  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  + 
1 )  _C  (
( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) )  x.  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  ( ( K  +  1 )  -  1 ) )  /  ( K  + 
1 ) ) )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) )
5413, 53eqtrd 2436 1  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  ( K  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  ( K  +  1 ) ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    <-> wb 177    = wceq 1649    e. wcel 1721   class class class wbr 4172  (class class class)co 6040   CCcc 8944   0cc0 8946   1c1 8947    + caddc 8949    x. cmul 8951    < clt 9076    - cmin 9247    / cdiv 9633   NNcn 9956   NN0cn0 10177   ZZcz 10238   ...cfz 10999    _C cbc 11548
This theorem is referenced by:  sylow1lem1  15187
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-3 7  ax-mp 8  ax-gen 1552  ax-5 1563  ax-17 1623  ax-9 1662  ax-8 1683  ax-13 1723  ax-14 1725  ax-6 1740  ax-7 1745  ax-11 1757  ax-12 1946  ax-ext 2385  ax-sep 4290  ax-nul 4298  ax-pow 4337  ax-pr 4363  ax-un 4660  ax-cnex 9002  ax-resscn 9003  ax-1cn 9004  ax-icn 9005  ax-addcl 9006  ax-addrcl 9007  ax-mulcl 9008  ax-mulrcl 9009  ax-mulcom 9010  ax-addass 9011  ax-mulass 9012  ax-distr 9013  ax-i2m1 9014  ax-1ne0 9015  ax-1rid 9016  ax-rnegex 9017  ax-rrecex 9018  ax-cnre 9019  ax-pre-lttri 9020  ax-pre-lttrn 9021  ax-pre-ltadd 9022  ax-pre-mulgt0 9023
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 178  df-or 360  df-an 361  df-3or 937  df-3an 938  df-tru 1325  df-ex 1548  df-nf 1551  df-sb 1656  df-eu 2258  df-mo 2259  df-clab 2391  df-cleq 2397  df-clel 2400  df-nfc 2529  df-ne 2569  df-nel 2570  df-ral 2671  df-rex 2672  df-reu 2673  df-rmo 2674  df-rab 2675  df-v 2918  df-sbc 3122  df-csb 3212  df-dif 3283  df-un 3285  df-in 3287  df-ss 3294  df-pss 3296  df-nul 3589  df-if 3700  df-pw 3761  df-sn 3780  df-pr 3781  df-tp 3782  df-op 3783  df-uni 3976  df-iun 4055  df-br 4173  df-opab 4227  df-mpt 4228  df-tr 4263  df-eprel 4454  df-id 4458  df-po 4463  df-so 4464  df-fr 4501  df-we 4503  df-ord 4544  df-on 4545  df-lim 4546  df-suc 4547  df-om 4805  df-xp 4843  df-rel 4844  df-cnv 4845  df-co 4846  df-dm 4847  df-rn 4848  df-res 4849  df-ima 4850  df-iota 5377  df-fun 5415  df-fn 5416  df-f 5417  df-f1 5418  df-fo 5419  df-f1o 5420  df-fv 5421  df-ov 6043  df-oprab 6044  df-mpt2 6045  df-1st 6308  df-2nd 6309  df-riota 6508  df-recs 6592  df-rdg 6627  df-er 6864  df-en 7069  df-dom 7070  df-sdom 7071  df-pnf 9078  df-mnf 9079  df-xr 9080  df-ltxr 9081  df-le 9082  df-sub 9249  df-neg 9250  df-div 9634  df-nn 9957  df-n0 10178  df-z 10239  df-uz 10445  df-rp 10569  df-fz 11000  df-seq 11279  df-fac 11522  df-bc 11549
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