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Theorem bcp1n 12095
Description: The proportion of one binomial coefficient to another with  N increased by 1. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Mar-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
bcp1n  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  K )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )

Proof of Theorem bcp1n
StepHypRef Expression
1 elfz3nn0 11485 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  N  e.  NN0 )
2 facp1 12059 . . . . 5  |-  ( N  e.  NN0  ->  ( ! `
 ( N  + 
1 ) )  =  ( ( ! `  N )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) ) )
31, 2syl 16 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  ( N  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ! `
 N )  x.  ( N  +  1 ) ) )
4 fznn0sub 11490 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  -  K )  e.  NN0 )
5 facp1 12059 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( N  -  K )  e.  NN0  ->  ( ! `
 ( ( N  -  K )  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K
) )  x.  (
( N  -  K
)  +  1 ) ) )
64, 5syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  ( ( N  -  K )  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ( N  -  K )  +  1 ) ) )
71nn0cnd 10641 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  N  e.  CC )
8 ax-1cn 9343 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  1  e.  CC
98a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  1  e.  CC )
10 elfznn0 11484 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  e.  NN0 )
1110nn0cnd 10641 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  e.  CC )
127, 9, 11addsubd 9743 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K )  =  ( ( N  -  K )  +  1 ) )
1312fveq2d 5698 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  =  ( ! `  ( ( N  -  K )  +  1 ) ) )
1412oveq2d 6110 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  =  ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ( N  -  K )  +  1 ) ) )
156, 13, 143eqtr4d 2485 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  =  ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
) ) )
1615oveq1d 6109 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ! `  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  =  ( ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K
) ) )
17 faccl 12064 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( N  -  K )  e.  NN0  ->  ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  e.  NN )
184, 17syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  ( N  -  K ) )  e.  NN )
1918nncnd 10341 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  ( N  -  K ) )  e.  CC )
20 nn0p1nn 10622 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( N  -  K )  e.  NN0  ->  ( ( N  -  K )  +  1 )  e.  NN )
214, 20syl 16 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  -  K
)  +  1 )  e.  NN )
2212, 21eqeltrd 2517 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K )  e.  NN )
2322nncnd 10341 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K )  e.  CC )
24 faccl 12064 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( K  e.  NN0  ->  ( ! `
 K )  e.  NN )
2510, 24syl 16 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  K )  e.  NN )
2625nncnd 10341 . . . . . 6  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  K )  e.  CC )
2719, 23, 26mul32d 9582 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( ! `  ( N  -  K
) )  x.  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  =  ( ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K ) )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
) ) )
2816, 27eqtrd 2475 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ! `  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  =  ( ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K ) )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
) ) )
293, 28oveq12d 6112 . . 3  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ! `  ( N  +  1 ) )  /  ( ( ! `  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K ) ) )  =  ( ( ( ! `  N )  x.  ( N  + 
1 ) )  / 
( ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K
) )  x.  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )
30 faccl 12064 . . . . . 6  |-  ( N  e.  NN0  ->  ( ! `
 N )  e.  NN )
311, 30syl 16 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  N )  e.  NN )
3231nncnd 10341 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( ! `  N )  e.  CC )
33 nn0p1nn 10622 . . . . . 6  |-  ( N  e.  NN0  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  NN )
341, 33syl 16 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  NN )
3534nncnd 10341 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  +  1 )  e.  CC )
3618, 25nnmulcld 10372 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  e.  NN )
37 nncn 10333 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  e.  NN  ->  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  e.  CC )
38 nnne0 10357 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  e.  NN  ->  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  =/=  0 )
3937, 38jca 532 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  e.  NN  ->  (
( ( ! `  ( N  -  K
) )  x.  ( ! `  K )
)  e.  CC  /\  ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K
) )  x.  ( ! `  K )
)  =/=  0 ) )
4036, 39syl 16 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( ! `  ( N  -  K
) )  x.  ( ! `  K )
)  e.  CC  /\  ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K
) )  x.  ( ! `  K )
)  =/=  0 ) )
4122nnne0d 10369 . . . . 5  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K )  =/=  0 )
4223, 41jca 532 . . . 4  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
)  e.  CC  /\  ( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
)  =/=  0 ) )
43 divmuldiv 10034 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( ( ! `  N )  e.  CC  /\  ( N  +  1 )  e.  CC )  /\  ( ( ( ( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  e.  CC  /\  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) )  =/=  0 )  /\  ( ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K )  e.  CC  /\  ( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
)  =/=  0 ) ) )  ->  (
( ( ! `  N )  /  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) ) )  x.  ( ( N  +  1 )  /  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) )  =  ( ( ( ! `  N )  x.  ( N  + 
1 ) )  / 
( ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K
) )  x.  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )
4432, 35, 40, 42, 43syl22anc 1219 . . 3  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ( ! `  N )  /  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) ) )  x.  ( ( N  +  1 )  /  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) )  =  ( ( ( ! `  N )  x.  ( N  + 
1 ) )  / 
( ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K
) )  x.  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )
4529, 44eqtr4d 2478 . 2  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( ! `  ( N  +  1 ) )  /  ( ( ! `  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K ) ) )  =  ( ( ( ! `  N )  /  ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K
) ) )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )
46 fzelp1 11510 . . 3  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  K  e.  ( 0 ... ( N  +  1 ) ) )
47 bcval2 12084 . . 3  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... ( N  +  1 ) )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  K )  =  ( ( ! `
 ( N  + 
1 ) )  / 
( ( ! `  ( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
) )  x.  ( ! `  K )
) ) )
4846, 47syl 16 . 2  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  K )  =  ( ( ! `
 ( N  + 
1 ) )  / 
( ( ! `  ( ( N  + 
1 )  -  K
) )  x.  ( ! `  K )
) ) )
49 bcval2 12084 . . 3  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  ( N  _C  K )  =  ( ( ! `  N )  /  (
( ! `  ( N  -  K )
)  x.  ( ! `
 K ) ) ) )
5049oveq1d 6109 . 2  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  _C  K
)  x.  ( ( N  +  1 )  /  ( ( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) )  =  ( ( ( ! `  N )  /  ( ( ! `
 ( N  -  K ) )  x.  ( ! `  K
) ) )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )
5145, 48, 503eqtr4d 2485 1  |-  ( K  e.  ( 0 ... N )  ->  (
( N  +  1 )  _C  K )  =  ( ( N  _C  K )  x.  ( ( N  + 
1 )  /  (
( N  +  1 )  -  K ) ) ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    /\ wa 369    = wceq 1369    e. wcel 1756    =/= wne 2609   ` cfv 5421  (class class class)co 6094   CCcc 9283   0cc0 9285   1c1 9286    + caddc 9288    x. cmul 9290    - cmin 9598    / cdiv 9996   NNcn 10325   NN0cn0 10582   ...cfz 11440   !cfa 12054    _C cbc 12081
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1591  ax-4 1602  ax-5 1670  ax-6 1708  ax-7 1728  ax-8 1758  ax-9 1760  ax-10 1775  ax-11 1780  ax-12 1792  ax-13 1943  ax-ext 2423  ax-sep 4416  ax-nul 4424  ax-pow 4473  ax-pr 4534  ax-un 6375  ax-cnex 9341  ax-resscn 9342  ax-1cn 9343  ax-icn 9344  ax-addcl 9345  ax-addrcl 9346  ax-mulcl 9347  ax-mulrcl 9348  ax-mulcom 9349  ax-addass 9350  ax-mulass 9351  ax-distr 9352  ax-i2m1 9353  ax-1ne0 9354  ax-1rid 9355  ax-rnegex 9356  ax-rrecex 9357  ax-cnre 9358  ax-pre-lttri 9359  ax-pre-lttrn 9360  ax-pre-ltadd 9361  ax-pre-mulgt0 9362
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 185  df-or 370  df-an 371  df-3or 966  df-3an 967  df-tru 1372  df-ex 1587  df-nf 1590  df-sb 1701  df-eu 2257  df-mo 2258  df-clab 2430  df-cleq 2436  df-clel 2439  df-nfc 2571  df-ne 2611  df-nel 2612  df-ral 2723  df-rex 2724  df-reu 2725  df-rmo 2726  df-rab 2727  df-v 2977  df-sbc 3190  df-csb 3292  df-dif 3334  df-un 3336  df-in 3338  df-ss 3345  df-pss 3347  df-nul 3641  df-if 3795  df-pw 3865  df-sn 3881  df-pr 3883  df-tp 3885  df-op 3887  df-uni 4095  df-iun 4176  df-br 4296  df-opab 4354  df-mpt 4355  df-tr 4389  df-eprel 4635  df-id 4639  df-po 4644  df-so 4645  df-fr 4682  df-we 4684  df-ord 4725  df-on 4726  df-lim 4727  df-suc 4728  df-xp 4849  df-rel 4850  df-cnv 4851  df-co 4852  df-dm 4853  df-rn 4854  df-res 4855  df-ima 4856  df-iota 5384  df-fun 5423  df-fn 5424  df-f 5425  df-f1 5426  df-fo 5427  df-f1o 5428  df-fv 5429  df-riota 6055  df-ov 6097  df-oprab 6098  df-mpt2 6099  df-om 6480  df-1st 6580  df-2nd 6581  df-recs 6835  df-rdg 6869  df-er 7104  df-en 7314  df-dom 7315  df-sdom 7316  df-pnf 9423  df-mnf 9424  df-xr 9425  df-ltxr 9426  df-le 9427  df-sub 9600  df-neg 9601  df-div 9997  df-nn 10326  df-n0 10583  df-z 10650  df-uz 10865  df-fz 11441  df-seq 11810  df-fac 12055  df-bc 12082
This theorem is referenced by:  bcp1nk  12096  bcpasc  12100  bcp1ctr  22621  bcm1n  26082
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