Description: Axiom of Replacement. An
axiom scheme of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory.
Axiom 5 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 19.
It tells us that the image of any set
under a function is also a set (see the variant funimaex 5490). Although
may be
any wff whatsoever, this axiom is useful (i.e. its
antecedent is satisfied) when we are given some function and
encodes the predicate "the value of the function at is ."
Thus,
will ordinarily have free variables and -
think
of it informally as . We prefix
with the
quantifier in order to
"protect" the axiom from any
containing , thus
allowing us to eliminate any restrictions on
. This
makes the axiom usable in a formalization that omits the
logically redundant axiom ax-17 1623. Another common variant is derived
as axrep5 4285, where you can find some further remarks. A
slightly more
compact version is shown as axrep2 4282. A quite different variant is
zfrep6 5927, which if used in place of ax-rep 4280 would also require that
the Separation Scheme axsep 4289 be stated as a separate axiom.
There is very a strong generalization of Replacement that doesn't demand
function-like behavior of . Two versions of this generalization
are called the Collection Principle cp 7771 and the Boundedness Axiom
bnd 7772.
Many developments of set theory distinguish the uses of Replacement from
uses the weaker axioms of Separation axsep 4289, Null Set axnul 4297, and
Pairing axpr 4362, all of which we derive from Replacement. In
order to
make it easier to identify the uses of those redundant axioms, we
restate them as axioms ax-sep 4290, ax-nul 4298, and ax-pr 4363 below the
theorems that prove them. (Contributed by NM,
23-Dec-1993.) |