**Description: **Axiom of Specialization.
A quantified wff implies the wff without a
quantifier (i.e. an instance, or special case, of the generalized wff).
In other words if something is true for all , it is true for any
specific (that
would typically occur as a free variable in the wff
substituted for ). (A free variable is one that does not occur in
the scope of a quantifier: and are both
free in ,
but only is free
in .) Axiom
scheme C5' in [Megill]
p. 448 (p. 16 of the preprint). Also appears as Axiom B5 of [Tarski]
p. 67 (under his system S2, defined in the last paragraph on p. 77).
Note that the converse of this axiom does not hold in general, but a
weaker inference form of the converse holds and is expressed as rule
ax-gen 1592. Conditional forms of the converse are given
by ax-13 1955,
ax-c14 2202, ax-c16 2203, and ax-5 1671.
Unlike the more general textbook Axiom of Specialization, we cannot choose
a variable different from for the special case. For use, that
requires the assistance of equality axioms, and we deal with it later
after we introduce the definition of proper substitution - see stdpc4 2054.
An interesting alternate axiomatization uses axc5c711 2228 and ax-c4 2195 in
place of ax-c5 2194, ax-4 1603, ax-10 1777, and ax-11 1782.
This axiom is obsolete and should no longer be used. It is proved above
as theorem sp 1799. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jan-1993.)
(New usage is discouraged.) |