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Axiom ax-16 2194
Description: Axiom of Distinct Variables. The only axiom of predicate calculus requiring that variables be distinct (if we consider ax-17 1623 to be a metatheorem and not an axiom). Axiom scheme C16' in [Megill] p. 448 (p. 16 of the preprint). It apparently does not otherwise appear in the literature but is easily proved from textbook predicate calculus by cases. It is a somewhat bizarre axiom since the antecedent is always false in set theory (see dtru 4350), but nonetheless it is technically necessary as you can see from its uses.

This axiom is redundant if we include ax-17 1623; see theorem ax16 2094. Alternately, ax-17 1623 becomes logically redundant in the presence of this axiom, but without ax-17 1623 we lose the more powerful metalogic that results from being able to express the concept of a set variable not occurring in a wff (as opposed to just two set variables being distinct). We retain ax-16 2194 here to provide logical completeness for systems with the simpler metalogic that results from omitting ax-17 1623, which might be easier to study for some theoretical purposes.

This axiom is obsolete and should no longer be used. It is proved above as theorem ax16 2094. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (New usage is discouraged.)

Ref Expression
ax-16  |-  ( A. x  x  =  y  ->  ( ph  ->  A. x ph ) )
Distinct variable group:    x, y
Allowed substitution hints:    ph( x, y)

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-16
StepHypRef Expression
1 vx . . . 4  set  x
2 vy . . . 4  set  y
31, 2weq 1650 . . 3  wff  x  =  y
43, 1wal 1546 . 2  wff  A. x  x  =  y
5 wph . . 3  wff  ph
65, 1wal 1546 . . 3  wff  A. x ph
75, 6wi 4 . 2  wff  ( ph  ->  A. x ph )
84, 7wi 4 1  wff  ( A. x  x  =  y  ->  ( ph  ->  A. x ph ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
This axiom is referenced by:  ax17eq  2233  a16g-o  2236  ax17el  2239  ax10-16  2240
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