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Theorem addcan 9781
Description: Cancellation law for addition. Theorem I.1 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
addcan  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  (
( A  +  B
)  =  ( A  +  C )  <->  B  =  C ) )

Proof of Theorem addcan
Dummy variable  x is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 cnegex2 9779 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  E. x  e.  CC  ( x  +  A )  =  0 )
213ad2ant1 1017 . 2  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  E. x  e.  CC  ( x  +  A )  =  0 )
3 oveq2 6304 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  +  B )  =  ( A  +  C )  ->  (
x  +  ( A  +  B ) )  =  ( x  +  ( A  +  C
) ) )
4 simprr 757 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( x  +  A )  =  0 )
54oveq1d 6311 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( (
x  +  A )  +  B )  =  ( 0  +  B
) )
6 simprl 756 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  x  e.  CC )
7 simpl1 999 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  A  e.  CC )
8 simpl2 1000 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  B  e.  CC )
96, 7, 8addassd 9635 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( (
x  +  A )  +  B )  =  ( x  +  ( A  +  B ) ) )
10 addid2 9780 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( B  e.  CC  ->  (
0  +  B )  =  B )
118, 10syl 16 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( 0  +  B )  =  B )
125, 9, 113eqtr3d 2506 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( x  +  ( A  +  B ) )  =  B )
134oveq1d 6311 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( (
x  +  A )  +  C )  =  ( 0  +  C
) )
14 simpl3 1001 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  C  e.  CC )
156, 7, 14addassd 9635 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( (
x  +  A )  +  C )  =  ( x  +  ( A  +  C ) ) )
16 addid2 9780 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( C  e.  CC  ->  (
0  +  C )  =  C )
1714, 16syl 16 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( 0  +  C )  =  C )
1813, 15, 173eqtr3d 2506 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( x  +  ( A  +  C ) )  =  C )
1912, 18eqeq12d 2479 . . . 4  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( (
x  +  ( A  +  B ) )  =  ( x  +  ( A  +  C
) )  <->  B  =  C ) )
203, 19syl5ib 219 . . 3  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  =  ( A  +  C )  ->  B  =  C ) )
21 oveq2 6304 . . 3  |-  ( B  =  C  ->  ( A  +  B )  =  ( A  +  C ) )
2220, 21impbid1 203 . 2  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  /\  ( x  e.  CC  /\  ( x  +  A
)  =  0 ) )  ->  ( ( A  +  B )  =  ( A  +  C )  <->  B  =  C ) )
232, 22rexlimddv 2953 1  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  B  e.  CC  /\  C  e.  CC )  ->  (
( A  +  B
)  =  ( A  +  C )  <->  B  =  C ) )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    <-> wb 184    /\ wa 369    /\ w3a 973    = wceq 1395    e. wcel 1819   E.wrex 2808  (class class class)co 6296   CCcc 9507   0cc0 9509    + caddc 9512
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1619  ax-4 1632  ax-5 1705  ax-6 1748  ax-7 1791  ax-8 1821  ax-9 1823  ax-10 1838  ax-11 1843  ax-12 1855  ax-13 2000  ax-ext 2435  ax-sep 4578  ax-nul 4586  ax-pow 4634  ax-pr 4695  ax-un 6591  ax-resscn 9566  ax-1cn 9567  ax-icn 9568  ax-addcl 9569  ax-addrcl 9570  ax-mulcl 9571  ax-mulrcl 9572  ax-mulcom 9573  ax-addass 9574  ax-mulass 9575  ax-distr 9576  ax-i2m1 9577  ax-1ne0 9578  ax-1rid 9579  ax-rnegex 9580  ax-rrecex 9581  ax-cnre 9582  ax-pre-lttri 9583  ax-pre-lttrn 9584  ax-pre-ltadd 9585
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 185  df-or 370  df-an 371  df-3or 974  df-3an 975  df-tru 1398  df-ex 1614  df-nf 1618  df-sb 1741  df-eu 2287  df-mo 2288  df-clab 2443  df-cleq 2449  df-clel 2452  df-nfc 2607  df-ne 2654  df-nel 2655  df-ral 2812  df-rex 2813  df-rab 2816  df-v 3111  df-sbc 3328  df-csb 3431  df-dif 3474  df-un 3476  df-in 3478  df-ss 3485  df-nul 3794  df-if 3945  df-pw 4017  df-sn 4033  df-pr 4035  df-op 4039  df-uni 4252  df-br 4457  df-opab 4516  df-mpt 4517  df-id 4804  df-po 4809  df-so 4810  df-xp 5014  df-rel 5015  df-cnv 5016  df-co 5017  df-dm 5018  df-rn 5019  df-res 5020  df-ima 5021  df-iota 5557  df-fun 5596  df-fn 5597  df-f 5598  df-f1 5599  df-fo 5600  df-f1o 5601  df-fv 5602  df-ov 6299  df-er 7329  df-en 7536  df-dom 7537  df-sdom 7538  df-pnf 9647  df-mnf 9648  df-ltxr 9650
This theorem is referenced by:  addcom  9783  addcani  9790  addcomd  9799  addcand  9800  subcan  9893
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